Shiv K. Kumar
Shiv K. Kumar (16 August 1921, Lahore, British India – 1 March 2017, Hyderabad, India) was an Indian English poet, playwright, novelist, and short story writer. His grandfather late Tulsi Das Kumar was a school teacher and his father Bishan Das Kumar, was a retired headmaster. The letter 'K' stands for Krishna. (I.e) Shiv Krishna Kumar. The poem 'Pilgrimage' is the realistic poem by Shiv. K. Kumar. In this poem, the poet reveals the experience of the pilgrims. In the course of journey to the destination, the pilgrims discuss the glory and greatness of God.The women mumble that rest would indeed have been welcome. At the end of the poem the poet presents his opinions that the gods had trapped us in belief. The poem is written in a conversational tone and because of its simplicity it is easy to be compared.
Early life and education
Shiv K Kumar was born in Lahore, British India, in 1921. He matriculated from Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School in 1937. He studied for his B.A. at Government College, Lahore and his M.A. at Forman Christian College, Lahore (1943).
In 1943, he joined D.A.V. College Lahore as a lecturer, but moved to Delhi during the Partition. After brief stints as lecturer at Hansraj College, Delhi, and as programme officer at the All India Radio, Delhi, he left India to join Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge in 1950. In 1956 he received his PhD in English Literature from the University of Cambridge. The topic of his dissertation was 'Bergson and the Stream of Consciousness Novel'. His research supervisor was Professor David Daiches. He was also tutored by the influential British critic F.R. Leavis during his stay in Cambridge.
Shiv K. Kumar taught English literature at Osmania University, Hyderabad, and the University of Hyderabad. During 1972–74, he was a UGC National Lecturer in English. He is the founder Head of the Department of English and the first Dean of the School of Humanities at the University of Hyderabad. He retired as the Vice-Chancellor (I/c) of the University of Hyderabad in 1980. He was Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Universities of Oklahoma and Northern Iowa, and Visiting Professor at the Universities of Drake, Hofstra, Marshall, etc. He was also a Visiting Fulbright Fellow at Yale University. He was nominated as a member of the Jury for the Neustadt International Prize for Literature (USA, 1981).
Several of his poems and short stories have been broadcast over the BBC—and published in Indian, British, American, Canadian and Australian journals and magazines. They have also been translated into several Indian and foreign languages.
In 1978, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, London during his stay in England as Commonwealth Visiting Professor of English at the University of Kent at Canterbury . He received the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1987 for his collection of poems Trapfalls in the Sky . In 2001 he was awarded the Padma Bhushan for his contribution to literature.
His published works include:
As Poet :
- Articulate Silences, Writers Workshop, Calcutta, 1970
- Cobwebs in the Sun, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1974
- Subterfuges, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1976 (includes the oft anthologised poem Indian Women)
- Woodpeckers, Sidgwick & Jackson, London, 1979
- Trapfalls in the Sky, Macmillan, Madras, 1986 (Sahitya Akademi Award for English, 1987; translated into Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Kannada and Malayalam.)
- Woolgathering, Orient Longman, Hyderabad, 1995
- Thus Spake the Buddha, UBSPD, New Delhi, 2001
- Losing My Way, Peacock Books, New Delhi, 2008
- Voice of Buddha: A Poetic Transcreation of The Dhammapada, Atlantic, New Delhi, 2008
- Intezar (A Collection of Poems in Urdu), Educational Publishing House, New Delhi, 2009
- Tum Kaho Main Sunoon (A Collection of Poems in Urdu), Educational Publishing House, New Delhi, 2010
- Which of My Selves Do You Wish to Speak to? Selected Poems, Penguin Books, New Delhi, 2011
- Mujasma-e-Husn (A Collection of Poems in Urdu), (MS)
- Where Have the Dead Gone?", (MS)
His individual poems have appeared in The New York Times, Poetry Review (London), Ariel, Southern Review, Hemisphere Meanjin, Western Humanities Review, Trafika (Prague), etc.
- The Last Wedding Anniversary, Macmillan, 1975. Produced by the Indian National Theatre, and also translated into Urdu as Shaadi Ki Akhri Saal Girah, Shero Hikmat, Hyderabad, 1977.
- The Bone's Prayer, Arnold Heinemann, 1979. Also translated into Hindi as Atmahatya, Rajpal & Sons, New Delhi, 1980.
- Nude Before God, Vanguard Press, New York, 1983—and Penguin Books, New Delhi, 1987
- A River with Three Banks, UBSPD, New Delhi, 1998—Translated into Hindi as Teen Kinaron Vali Nadi, Saransh, New Delhi, 1999
- Infatuation, UBSPD, New Delhi, 2000.
- Two Mirrors at the Ashram, Penguin, New Delhi, 2007
- Rough Passage to the Bodhi Tree (The Buddha: From Renunciation to Enlightenment), (MS)
As Short Story Writer:
- Beyond Love & Other Stories, Vikas, New Delhi, 1980
- To Nun with Love & Other Stories, Orient Longman, Hyderabad, 2001
- Face Behind the Mirror & Other Stories, (MS)
- Selected Poems of Faiz Ahmed Faiz (Urdu to English)
- Bergson and the Stream of Consciousness Novel, New York University Press, New York, 1963
- Critical Approaches to Fiction (edited in collaboration with Keith F. Mckean), McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969—and several other works of literary criticism.
His research papers have appeared in such scholarly journals as Modern Philology, Modern Language Review, Journal of Aesthetics & Art Criticism, Modern Language Quarterly, Modern Language Notes, English Studies, etc.
- The Mahabharata, HarperCollins, New Delhi, 2011. Also being translated into Hindi, Telugu, Malayalam, Marathi, Bengali, Tamil, etc.
- Conversations with Celebrities, (MS)
Critical Books on Shiv K. Kumar:
- Prabhat K. Singh, A Passage to Shiv K. Kumar (Swarup & Sons), New Delhi, 2001
- Bijay K. Das, Shiv K. Kumar as a Post-Colonial Poet (Atlantic), New Delhi, 2001
- R. Shankar, Shiv K. Kumar's Poetry: Imagery and Symbolism (ABD), Jaipur, 2010
- The Journal of South Asian Literature (Michigan) brought out a special issue on his writings in 1990.
Appearances in the following poetry Anthologies
- The Golden Treasure of Writers Workshop Poetry (2008) ed. by Rubana Huq and published by Writers Workshop, Calcutta
- A New Book of Indian Poems In English (2000) ed. by Gopi Kottoor and published by Poetry Chain and Writers Workshop, Calcutta
- Ten Twentieth-Century Indian Poets (1976) ed. by R. Parthasarathy and published by Oxford University Press, New Delhi
- "Prof Shiv K Kumar no more". Welcome to Muse India. 2 March 2017. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
- International Who's Who in Poetry 2005. Europa Publications. 2004. p. 889. ISBN 978-1857432695.
- He was also tutored by the influential British critic F.R. Leavis during his stay in Cambridge. Prabhat K. Singh (2001). A passage to Shiv K. Kumar: from agony to ecstasy. Sarup & Sons, 2002, 348 pages. ISBN 9788176252362.
- "Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- "Chittaranjan Mishra: Metaphors of Double Vision : Shiv K. Kumar". Muse India. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- "Love across religious divide". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
- excerpts: book excerptise
- "Rubana Huq, ed. The Golden Treasury of Writers Workshop Poetry. Review : ASIATIC, VOLUME 3, NUMBER 1, JUNE 2009". journals.iium.edu.my. journals.iium.edu.my. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- "Ten 20th Century Indian Poets". cse.iitk.ac.in. cse.iitk.ac.in. Retrieved 23 August 2018.