Shiv Kumar Sarin

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Shiv Kumar Sarin
Born (1952-08-20) 20 August 1952 (age 67)
India
OccupationGastroenterologist
Hepatologist
Known forHepatology
Spouse(s)Since 1978
AwardsPadma Bhushan
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize
TWAS International Prize
G-Files awards
Om Prakash Bhasin Award
Ranbaxy Medical Sciences Award
Dhanvantri Medical Award
Amrut Mody Research Foundation Award
Hoechst Om Prakash Foundation Award
Japanese Research Science Award
IEDRA Rashtriya Samman Puraskar
GoD Lifetime Achievement Award
MCI Silver Jubilee Research Award
FICCI Award
Bhagwan Mahaveer Award
Malaysia Liver Foundation Award
DMA Vashisht Chikitsa Ratan Award
API Gifted Teacher Award

Shiv Kumar Sarin (born 1952) is an Indian gastroenterologist, hepatologist, medical researcher and writer and a former chairman of the Board of Governors of the Medical Council of India.[1] He is the director of Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), the first dedicated institution for advanced research on liver diseases and a deemed university under G. B. Pant Hospital, New Delhi.[2] His contributions are reported behind the founding of the School of Hepatology of the Asian Pacific Association for study of Liver (APASL), which is housed at ILBS campus.[3] He is a recipient of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, the highest Indian award in the science category.[4] The Government of India awarded him the third highest civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan, in 2007, for his contributions to Indian medicine.[5]

Biography[edit]

Born on 20 August 1952,[4] Sarin graduated in medicine (MBBS) from S.M.S.Medical college, University of Rajasthan in 1974 and obtained his post graduate degree (MD) in general medicine from Rajasthan University in 1978 after which he started his career at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi from where he secured the degree of DM in Gastroenterology in 1981.[6] Two years later, he joined Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education (GBPIPME) of Delhi University where he became the Head of Gastroenterology in 1997 and the director of Gastroenterology later.[7] When the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) was established in 2003 under GBPIPME, as a dedicated institution for hepatology focusing on therapeutic, academic and research and development aspects of the discipline, he became its director and holds the post till date.[8] He also serves as an adjunct professor of molecular medicine at Jawaharlal Nehru University, as a visiting professor at Chettinad University[9] and is a member of the National Faculty of Asia Pacific Association for the Study of Liver (APASL).[10]

Career[edit]

Sarin's researches have helped describe two major liver diseases viz. Portal Biliopathy and Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure (ACLF).[11][12] He has developed or significantly contributed to the development of several treatment protocols for liver diseases such as the band litigation to prevent variceal hemorrhage which has since become a standard procedure practiced worldwide. He has done known work on Gastric varices and their classification bears his name as Sarin’s Classification of Gastric Varices.[13][14] Seventeen major treatment protocols have been credited to him including five major Asian Pacific Treatment Guidelines in Liver disease and the model he proposed on endotoxemia induced portal hypertension and liver disease is reported to have been universally accepted.[9] His work has assisted in the understanding of Chronic HBV Infection, Liver cancer and the B and C variants of Hepatitis[11] and his recent studies on acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) disease and its therapy using Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), a glycoprotein is known to have been successful in clinical trials.[15] He has also contributed in analyzing the mother-baby transmission of Hepatitis B and its pathogenesis.[11]

Sarin is credited with the conceptualization and establishment of Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), the first advanced center for liver diseases in India[7] and is its founder director.[2] He has been one of the initiators of the Hepatitis B vaccination program in India[7] and one of the organizers of Yellow Ribbon campaign, an annual program started in 1998.[9] It was under his chairmanship that the Medical Council of India introduced the Vision 2015 document which proposed guidelines for regularizing medical education in India.[16] He has published eleven books on hepatology, a number of them are reference books on the subject and has contributed 69 chapters to medical texts published by others.[9] Besides, he has written over 350 articles, published in peer-reviewed journals such as The New England Journal of Medicine, the Lancet and Annals of Internal Medicine.[9] He is the founder editor of Hepatology International, a Springer publication,[17] and has mentored 90 post-doctoral and 25 doctoral students.[18]

Positions[edit]

Sarin served as the chairman of the Board of Governors of the Medical Council of India, the apex body for medical education in India for the 2010–2011 term.[1] He is a former president of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology, Indian National Association for the Study of the Liver (INASL) and the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL)[9] and is the chairman of the steering committee of APASL.[19] He has been the vice-chair of the International Association for Surgeons, Gastroenterologists and Oncologists (IASGO) and sat in the External Advisory Board of the Clinical Research Center of Yonsei University Severance Hospital.[9] He is a member of the steering committees of Indo-German Science Centre for Infectious Diseases (IG-SCID) and the World Digestive Health Day (WDHD) and is a board member of the Institute of Translational Hepatology, Beijing and Asian Pacific Digestive Week Federation (APDWF), Singapore.[9] He is also a Collaborating Investigator of the APASL-ACLF Research Consortium, a forum of the experts on Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure (ACLF) disease from the Asia Pacific region.[20]

Awards and honors[edit]

Sarin was awarded the Japanese Research Science Award in 1986[7] and the Hoechst Om Prakash Memorial Award in 1987.[21] He received the Ranbaxy Research Science Award in Medical Sciences in 1994 followed by Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the highest Indian award in the science category in 1996.[4] The Association of Physicians of India (API) awarded him the Gifted Teacher Award in 1999 and Amrut Mody Unichem Award of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) reached him in 2003.[21] He received the TWAS Prize of The World Academy of Sciences in 2004, the Silver Jubilee Award of the Medical Council of India the same year and the FICCI Award of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry in 2005.[21] The Government of India included him in the Republic Day honours list for the civilian award of the Padma Bhushan in 2007, the same year as he received the Om Prakash Bhasin Award[22] and he received the Mahaveer Award of the Bhagwan Mahaveer Foundation in 2008.[7] He is also a recipient of the Dhanvantri Medical Award, IEDRA Rashtriya Samman Puraskar, Lifetime Achievement Award of the Government of Delhi, Malaysia Liver Foundation Award and Vashisht Chikitsa Ratan Award of the Delhi Medical Association.[11]

Sarin, a 1988 Fogarty Fellow of the National Institutes of Health,[7] had been elected as its Fellow by the National Academy of Sciences, India (NASI) the previous year.[23] He is an elected fellow of several other science or medical academies such as the American College of Gastroenterology (2002), Indian National Science Academy (2004),[7] Indian Academy of Sciences (2005),[24] and National Academy of Medical Sciences (2005).[25] He has delivered several award orations; Dr. Dharamveer Datta Memorial Award Oration and Dr. Kunti and Om Prakash Award Oration of the Indian Council of Medical Research (2004), Netaji Oration by the Association of Physicians of India (2003), Dr. V. R. Khanolkar Oration of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (2004) and Dr. Yellapragada Subba Row Memorial Award Oration of the Indian National Science Academy (2005) are some of the notable ones.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Brief Resume" (PDF). Asia Pacific Advanced Network. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Liver regrowth answer to donor crisis". Times of India. 17 February 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Shiv Kumar Sarin on ILBS". Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences. 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Brief Profile of the Awardee". Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Senior Professor and Head, Department of Hepatology Director, Institute of Liver and Biliary Science (ILBS)". APASL ACLF Research Consortium. 2016. Archived from the original on 14 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Indian Fellow". Indian National Science Academy. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "ILBS Home". Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Chettinad Health City Medical Journal profile" (PDF). Chettinad Health City Medical Journal. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  10. ^ "National faculty". Asia Pacific Association for the Study of Liver. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  11. ^ a b c d "S K Sarin on APASL-ACLF Research Consortium". APASL-ACLF Research Consortium. 2016. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  12. ^ Hitendra Garg, Ashish Kumar, Vishal Garg, Manoj Kumar, Ramesh Kumar, Barjesh Chander Sharma and Shiv Kumar Sarin (August 2013). "Hepatic and systemic hemodynamic derangements predict early mortality and recovery in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure". Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation. 28 (8): 1361–1367. doi:10.1111/jgh.12191. PMID 23488990.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Abdullah M. S. Al-Osaimi, and Stephen H. Caldwell (September 2011). "Medical and Endoscopic Management of Gastric Varices". Semin Intervent Radiol. 28 (3): 273–282. doi:10.1055/s-0031-1284453. PMC 3312167. PMID 22942544.
  14. ^ Juan Carlos Garcia–Pagán; Marta Barrufet; Andres Cardenas; Àngels Escorsell (2014). "Management of Gastric Varices". Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 12 (6): 919–928.
  15. ^ "New therapy holds promise for treating chronic liver failure". Zee News. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  16. ^ Medical Council of India (March 2011). "Vision 2015" (PDF). MCI Booklet. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Hepatology International". Medical journal. Springer. 2016. ISSN 1936-0533. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  18. ^ Cite error: The named reference Chettinad Health City Medical Journal was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  19. ^ "Steering Committee". APASL. 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  20. ^ "Collaborating Investigator". APASL-ACLF Research Consortium. 2016. Archived from the original on 26 May 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  21. ^ a b c "NAMS Fellow" (PDF). National Academy of Medical Sciences. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  22. ^ "Om Prakash Bhasin Award". Om Prakash Bhasin Foundation. 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  23. ^ "NASI Fellow". National Academy of Sciences, India. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  24. ^ "IAS fellow". Indian Academy of Sciences. 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  25. ^ "List of Fellows: July 2005" (PDF). National Academy of Medical Sciences. 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2016.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • S K Sarin, Hess (December 2000). Transfusion Associated Hepatitis: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention. CBS. ISBN 978-8123905860.