Shiva Tandava Stotram

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Shiva Tandava Stotram is a stotra (Hindu hymn) that describes the Hindu God Shiva's power and beauty. It is traditionally attributed to Ravana, the asura King of Lanka and devotee of Shiva. Both the ninth and tenth quatrains of this hymn conclude with lists of Shiva's epithets as destroyer, even the destroyer of death itself. Alliteration and onomatopoeia create roiling waves of resounding beauty in this example of Hindu devotional poetry.

In the final quatrain of the poem, after tiring of rampaging across the Earth, Ravana asks, "When will I be happy?" Because of the intensity of his prayers and ascetic meditation, of which this hymn was an example, Ravana received from Shiva powers and a celestial sword.

Ravana[edit]

When Ravana was tired of rampaging across the earth, he returned to Shiva to request moksha, release from the bondage of endless rebirth. Lord Shiva replied that he had granted Ravana the boon of indestructibility.[citation needed] Ravana's poignant cry in the final quatrain of poetry — "When will I be happy?" is echoed by modern man in his quest for earthly fulfillment and ultimate liberation from its bondage.

A compelling and complex personality, Ravana is for many Hindus a legendary asura, a scholar of immense intelligence and the husband of one of traditional five perfect women, Mandodari. Ravana married Maya's daughter, Mandodari, who was a very beautiful & righteous wife. He had a son by her, named Meghanaada (which means the 'sound of the clouds' or the 'sound of thunder'). Meghanaada defeated Indra, the king of Devas, and earned the title of 'Indrajit'. Ravana's great-grandfather was Brahma (God of Ultimate Knowledge). He had advanced knowledge of mathematics, science and Ayurveda.

He was obsessed with his powers and was egoistic, and to display and prove his powers he was about to move Mount Kailash (the abode of Shiva who was his ancestor God). He managed to lift the mountain but Shiva immediately placed it back just by pressing his toe crushing Ravana's fingers in the process. That is when Ravana sings "Shiva Tandava Stotra" and he was spared and blessed with chandrahas (moon sword by Shiva) considered one of the most powerful weapons according to in Hindu Sanskriti(cultural belief system).

Text[edit]

The stotra is in the Panchachaamara Chhanda. It has 16 syllables per line of the quatrain, with Laghu (short syllable) and Guru (long syllable) characters alternating; the poetic meter is iambic octameter by definition.

सार्थशिवताण्डवस्तोत्रम्
श्रीगणेशाय नमः

Devanagari
जटाटवीगलज्जलप्रवाहपावितस्थले
गलेऽवलम्ब्य लम्बितां भुजङ्गतुङ्गमालिकाम् |
डमड्डमड्डमड्डमन्निनादवड्डमर्वयं
चकार चण्डताण्डवं तनोतु नः शिवः शिवम् ||१||

Roman Transliteration
jaṭāṭavī-galaj jala-pravāha-pāvita-sthale
gale 'valambya lambitāṃ bhujaṅga-tuṅga-mālikām ।
ḍamaḍ ḍamaḍ ḍamaḍ ḍaman nināda-vaḍ ḍamarvayaṃ
cakāra caṇḍa-tāṇḍavaṃ tanotu naḥ śivaḥ śivam ॥ 1 ॥

With his neck, consecrated by the flow of water flowing from the thick forest-like locks of hair, and on the neck, where the lofty snake is hanging like a garland, and the Damaru drum making the sound of Damat Damat Damat Damat, Lord Śiva did the auspicious dance of Tandava and may He shower prosperity on us all.[1]

Devanagari
जटाकटाहसम्भ्रमभ्रमन्निलिम्पनिर्झरी
विलोलवीचिवल्लरीविराजमानमूर्धनि |
धगद्धगद्धगज्ज्वलल्ललाटपट्टपावके
किशोरचन्द्रशेखरे रतिः प्रतिक्षणं मम ||२||

Roman Transliteration
jaṭā-kaṭā-hasambhrama-bhraman nilimpa-nirjharī
vilola-vīci-vallarī-virāja-māna-mūrdhani ।
dhagad dhagad dhagaj jvalal lalāṭa-paṭṭa-pāvake
kiśora-candraśekhare ratiḥ pratikṣaṇaṃ mama ॥ 2 ॥

I have a very deep interest in Lord Śiva, whose head is glorified by the rows of moving waves of the celestial river Gaṅgā, agitating in the deep well of his hair-locks, and who has the brilliant fire flaming on the surface of his forehead, and who has the crescent moon as a jewel on his head.[2]

Devanagari
धराधरेन्द्रनंदिनीविलासबन्धुबन्धुर
स्फुरद्दिगन्तसन्ततिप्रमोदमानमानसे |
कृपाकटाक्षधोरणीनिरुद्धदुर्धरापदि
क्वचिद्दिगम्बरे(क्वचिच्चिदम्बरे) मनो विनोदमेतु वस्तुनि ||३||

Roman Transliteration
dharādharendra-nandinī-vilāsa-bandhu-bandhura-
sphurad diganta-santati-pramoda-māna-mānase ।
kṛpā-kaṭākṣa-dhoraṇī-niruddha-durdharāpadi
kvacid digambare (kvacic cidambare) mano vinodametu vastuni ॥ 3 ॥

May my mind seek happiness in the Lord Śiva, in whose mind all the living beings of the glorious universe exist, who is the sportive companion of Parvati (daughter of the mountain king), who controls invincible hardships with the flow of his compassionate look, who is all-pervasive (the directions are his clothes).[3]

Devanagari
जटाभुजङ्गपिङ्गलस्फुरत्फणामणिप्रभा
कदम्बकुङ्कुमद्रवप्रलिप्तदिग्वधूमुखे |
मदान्धसिन्धुरस्फुरत्त्वगुत्तरीयमेदुरे
मनो विनोदमद्भुतं बिभर्तु भूतभर्तरि ||४||

Roman Transliteration
jaṭā bhujaṅga piṅgalasphurat phaṇāmaṇiprabhā
kadamba kuṅkuma drava pralip tadig vadhū mukhe ।
madāndha sindhuras phurat tvagut tarīyame dure
mano vinodamadbhutaṃ bibhartu bhūta bhartari ॥ 4 ॥

May I seek wonderful pleasure in Lord Śiva, who is supporter of all life, who with his creeping snake with reddish brown hood and with the luster of his gem on it spreading out variegated colors on the beautiful faces of the maidens of directions, who is covered with a glittering upper garment made of the skin of a huge intoxicated elephant.[4]

Devanagari
सहस्रलोचनप्रभृत्यशेषलेखशेखर
प्रसूनधूलिधोरणी विधूसराङ्घ्रिपीठभूः |
भुजङ्गराजमालया निबद्धजाटजूटक
श्रियै चिराय जायतां चकोरबन्धुशेखरः ||५||

Roman Transliteration
sahasralocana prabhṛtya śeṣalekha śekhara
prasūna dhūli dhoraṇī vidhūsarāṅghri pīṭhabhūḥ ।
bhujaṅga rājamālayā nibaddha jāṭajūṭaka
śriyai cirāya jāyatāṃ cakora bandhuśekharaḥ ॥ 5 ॥

May Lord Śiva give us prosperity, who has the moon (relative of the Cakora bird) as his head-jewel, whose hair is tied by the red snake-garland, whose foot-stool is grayed by the flow of dust from the flowers from the rows of heads of all the Gods, Indra/Vishnu and others.[5]

Devanagari
ललाटचत्वरज्वलद्धनञ्जयस्फुलिङ्गभा
निपीतपञ्चसायकं नमन्निलिम्पनायकम् |
सुधामयूखलेखया विराजमानशेखरं
महाकपालिसम्पदेशिरोजटालमस्तु नः ||६||

Roman Transliteration
lalāṭa ca tvara jvalad dhanañjaya sphuliṅgabhā
nipīta pañcasāyakaṃ naman nilimpa nāyakam ।
sudhā mayū khale khayā virājamāna śekharaṃ
mahā kapāli sampade śiro jaṭā lamastu naḥ ॥ 6 ॥

May we get the wealth of Siddhis from Śiva's locks of hair, which devoured the God of Love with the sparks of the fire flaming in His forehead, who is bowed by all the celestial leaders, who is beautiful with a crescent moon.[6]

Devanagari
करालभालपट्टिकाधगद्धगद्धगज्ज्वल
द्धनञ्जयाहुतीकृतप्रचण्डपञ्चसायके |
धराधरेन्द्रनन्दिनीकुचाग्रचित्रपत्रक
प्रकल्पनैकशिल्पिनि त्रिलोचने रतिर्मम ||७||

Roman Transliteration
karāla bhāla paṭṭikā dhagad dhagad dhagaj jvalad
dhanañjayā hutīkṛta pracaṇḍa pañca sāyake ।
dharā dharendra nandinī kucāgra citra patraka
prakalpanaika śilpini trilocane ratirmama ॥ 7 ॥

My interest is in Lord Śiva, who has three eyes, who has offered the powerful God of Love into the fire, flaming Dhagad Dhagad on the flat surface of his forehead, and who is the one expert artist of creation accompanied by Parvati, the daughter of the mountain king.[7]

Devanagari
नवीनमेघमण्डली निरुद्धदुर्धरस्फुरत्
कुहूनिशीथिनीतमः प्रबन्धबद्धकन्धरः |
निलिम्पनिर्झरीधरस्तनोतु कृत्तिसिन्धुरः
कलानिधानबन्धुरः श्रियं जगद्धुरंधरः ||८||

Roman Transliteration
navīna megha maṇḍalī niruddha durdhara sphurat
kuhū niśīthinī tamaḥ prabandha baddha kandharaḥ ।
nilimpa nirjharī dharastanotu kṛtti sindhuraḥ
kalā nidhāna bandhuraḥ śriyaṃ jagad dhuraṃdharaḥ ॥ 8 ॥

May Lord Śiva give us prosperity, who bears the burden of this universe, who is lovely with the moon, who is red wearing the skin, who has the celestial river Ganga, whose neck is dark as midnight of new moon night covered by many layers of clouds.[8]

Devanagari
प्रफुल्लनीलपङ्कजप्रपञ्चकालिमप्रभा
वलम्बिकण्ठकन्दलीरुचिप्रबद्धकन्धरम् |
स्मरच्छिदं पुरच्छिदं भवच्छिदं मखच्छिदं
गजच्छिदांधकच्छिदं तमन्तकच्छिदं भजे ||९||

Roman Transliteration
praphula nīla paṅkaja prapañca kālima prabhā-
-valambi kaṇṭha kandalī ruchi prabaddha kandharam ।
smaracchidaṃ puracchidaṃ bhavacchidaṃ makhacchidaṃ
gaja kchidāṃ dha kchidaṃ taman ta kchidaṃ bhaje ॥ 9 ॥

I pray to Lord Śiva, whose neck is tied with the luster of the temples hanging on the neck with the glory of the fully bloomed blue lotuses which looked like the blackness (sins) of the universe, who is the killer of Manmatha, who destroyed Tripuras, who destroyed the bonds of worldly life, who destroyed the sacrifice, who destroyed the demon Andhaka, the destroyer of the elephants, and who controlled the God of death, Yama.[9]

Devanagari
अखर्व(अगर्व) सर्वमङ्गलाकलाकदम्बमञ्जरी
रसप्रवाहमाधुरी विजृम्भणामधुव्रतम् |
स्मरान्तकं पुरान्तकं भवान्तकं मखान्तकं
गजान्तकान्धकान्तकं तमन्तकान्तकं भजे ||१०||

Roman Transliteration
akharva sarva maṅgalā kalā kadaṃba mañjarī
rasa pravāha mādhurī vijṛṇbhaṇā madhu vratam ।
smarāntakaṃ purāntakaṃ bhavāntakaṃ makhāntakaṃ
gajāntak āndhakāntakaṃ taman ta kāntakaṃ bhaje ॥ 10 ॥

I pray to Lord Śiva, who has bees flying all over because of the sweet honey from the beautiful bunch of auspicious Kadamba flowers, who is the killer of Manmatha, who destroyed Tripuras, who destroyed the bonds of worldly life, who destroyed the sacrifice, who destroyed the demon Andhaka, the killer of the elephants, and who controlled the God of death, Yama.[10]

Devanagari
जयत्वदभ्रविभ्रमभ्रमद्भुजङ्गमश्वस
द्विनिर्गमत्क्रमस्फुरत्करालभालहव्यवाट् |
धिमिद्धिमिद्धिमिध्वनन्मृदङ्गतुङ्गमङ्गल
ध्वनिक्रमप्रवर्तित प्रचण्डताण्डवः शिवः ||११||

Roman Transliteration
jayatvada bhravi bhrama bhramad bhujaṅga maśvasa
dvi nirgamat kramasphurat karāla bhāla havyavāṭ ।
dhimid dhimid dhimi dhvanan mṛdaṅga tuṅga maṅgala
dhvani krama pravartita pracaṇḍa tāṇḍavaḥ śivaḥ ॥ 11 ॥

Lord Śiva, whose dance of Tāṇḍava is in tune with the series of loud sounds of drum making Dhimid Dhimid sounds, who has the fire on the great forehead, the fire that is spreading out because of the breath of the snake wandering in whirling motion in the glorious sky.[11]

Devanagari
दृषद्विचित्रतल्पयोर्भुजङ्गमौक्तिकस्रजोर्
गरिष्ठरत्नलोष्ठयोः सुहृद्विपक्षपक्षयोः |
तृणारविन्दचक्षुषोः प्रजामहीमहेन्द्रयोः
समं प्रव्रितिक: कदा सदाशिवं भजाम्यहम ||१२||

Roman Transliteration
dṛṣa dvi citra talpayor bhujaṅga mauktikasrajor-
gariṣṭha ratna loṣṭhayoḥ suhṛd vipakṣa pakṣayoḥ ।
tṛṇā ravinda cakṣuṣoḥ prajā mahī mahendrayoḥ
sama pravṛ tikaḥ kadā sadāśivaṃ bhajamyaham ॥ 12 ॥

When will I worship Lord SadāŚiva (eternally auspicious) God, with equal vision towards the people and an emperor, and a blade of grass and lotus-like eye, towards both friends and enemies, towards the valuable gem and some lump of dirt, towards a snake and a garland and towards varied ways of the world.[12]

Devanagari
कदा निलिम्पनिर्झरीनिकुञ्जकोटरे वसन्
विमुक्तदुर्मतिः सदा शिरः स्थमञ्जलिं वहन् |
विमुक्तलोललोचनो ललामभाललग्नकः
शिवेति मंत्रमुच्चरन् कदा सुखी भवाम्यहम् ||१३||

Roman Transliteration
kadā nilimpa nirjharī nikuñja koṭare vasan
vimukta durmatiḥ sadā śiraḥstha mañjaliṃ vahan ।
vimukta lola locano lalā mabhāla lagna kaḥ
śiveti mantra muccaran kadā sukhī bhavā myaham ॥ 13 ॥

When will I be happy, living in the hollow place near the celestial river, Ganga, carrying the folded hands on my head all the time, with my bad thinking washed away, and uttering the mantra of Lord Śiva and devoted in the God with glorious forehead with vibrating eyes.[13]

Devanagari
निलिम्प नाथनागरी कदम्ब मौलमल्लिका-
निगुम्फनिर्भक्षरन्म धूष्णिकामनोहरः ।
तनोतु नो मनोमुदं विनोदिनींमहनिशं
परिश्रय परं पदं तदङ्गजत्विषां चयः ॥१४॥

Roman Transliteration
nilimpa nāthanāgarī kadamba maulamallikā-
nigumphanirbhakṣaranma dhūṣṇikāmanoharaḥ ।
tanotu no manomudaṃ vinodinīṃ mahaniśaṃ
pariśraya paraṃ padaṃ tadaṅgajatviṣāṃ cayaḥ ॥ 14 ॥

Divine beauty of different parts of Lord Śiva which are enlightened by fragrance of the flowers decorating the twisted hair locks of angels may always bless us with happiness and pleasure.[14]

Devanagari
प्रचण्ड वाडवानल प्रभाशुभप्रचारणी
महाष्टसिद्धिकामिनी जनावहूत जल्पना ।
विमुक्त वाम लोचनो विवाहकालिकध्वनिः
शिवेति मन्त्रभूषगो जगज्जयाय जायताम् ॥१५॥

Roman Transliteration
pracaṇḍa vāḍavānala prabhāśubhapracāraṇī
mahāṣṭasiddhikāminī janāvahūta jalpanā ।
vimukta vāma locano vivāhakālikadhvaniḥ
śiveti mantrabhūṣago jagajjayāya jāyatām ॥ 15 ॥

The Shakti (energy) which is capable of burning all the sins and spreading welfare of all and the pleasant sound produced by angels during enchanting the pious Shiv mantra at the time of Shiv-Parvati Vivah may win over & destroy all the sufferings of the world.[15]

Devanagari
इमं हि नित्यमेवमुक्तमुत्तमोत्तमं स्तवं
पठन्स्मरन्ब्रुवन्नरो विशुद्धिमेतिसंततम् |
हरे गुरौ सुभक्तिमाशु याति नान्यथा गतिं
विमोहनं हि देहिनां सुशङ्करस्य चिंतनम् ||१६||

Roman Transliteration
imaṃ hi nityamevamuktamuttamottamaṃ stavaṃ
paṭhansmaranbruvannaro viśuddhimetisaṃtatam |
hare gurau subhaktimāśu yāti nānyathā gatiṃ
vimohanaṃ hi dehināṃ suśaṅkarasya ciṃtanam ॥ 16 ॥

Whoever reads, remembers and says this best stotra as it is said here, gets purified for ever, and obtains devotion in the great Guru Śiva. For this devotion, there is no other way. Just the mere thought of Lord Śiva indeed removes the delusion.[16]

Devanagari
पूजावसानसमये दशवक्त्रगीतं
यः शम्भुपूजनपरं पठति प्रदोषे |
तस्य स्थिरां रथगजेन्द्रतुरङ्गयुक्तां
लक्ष्मीं सदैव सुमुखिं प्रददाति शम्भुः ||१७||

Roman Transliteration
pūjāvasāna samaye daśavaktragītaṃ
yaḥ śaṁbhupūjanaparaṃ paṭhati pradoṣe ।
tasya sthirāṃ rathagajendra turaṅgayuktāṃ
lakṣmīṃ sadaiva sumukhiṃ pradadāti śaṁbhuḥ ॥ 17 ॥

In the evening, after sunset, at the end of Puja, whoever utters this stotra for 10 times sung by the one with the ten heads (Rāvaṇa), which is dedicated to the worship of Śiva, Lord Śiva will indeed bless him with great Lakṣmī (prosperity) with all the richness of chariots, elephants and horses.[17]

Devanagari
इति श्रीरावण-कृतम्
शिव-ताण्डव-स्तोत्रम्
सम्पूर्णम्

Roman Transliteration
iti śrī rāvaṇa-kṛtam,
śivatāṇḍava stotraṃ,
sampūrnam,

Thus ends the Śiva-Tāṇḍava Stotra written by Śrī Rāvaṇa.

Media adaptations[edit]

Parts of the stotra was recreated as a song in the following Indian films:

See also[edit]

References[edit]


External links[edit]