Shiva Tandava Stotra
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Shiva Tandava Stotra (Sanskrit: शिवताण्डवस्तोत्र, romanized: śiva-tāṇḍava-stotra) is a stotra (Hindu hymn) that describes Shiva's power and beauty. It is traditionally attributed to Ravana, the asura King of Lanka and devotee of Shiva.
The stotra is in the Pañca-cāmara chanda[clarification needed]. It has 16 syllables per line of the quatrain, with laghu (short syllable) and guru (long syllable) characters alternating; the poetic meter is iambic octameter by definition. There are 16 quatrains in total.
Both the ninth and tenth quatrains of this hymn conclude with lists of Shiva's epithets as destroyer, even the destroyer of death itself. Alliteration and onomatopoeia create rolling waves of resounding beauty in this example of Hindu devotional poetry.
In the final quatrain of the poem, after tiring of rampaging across the earth, Ravana asks, "When will I be happy?" Because of the intensity of his prayers and ascetic meditation, of which this hymn was an example, Ravana received from Shiva powers and a celestial sword called Chandrahas.
The story is that Ravana, a devotee of Shiva who was also the king of Lanka, tried to take kailasa, the abode of Shiva, to Lanka in his shoulders. So Shiva, who wanted to teach him a lesson placed his big toe upon kailasa which caused it to come crashing down over Ravana. Realising the power of Shiva and out of agony he plucked his nerves and played a tune and sang a praise dedicated to Shiva, which, in time came to be known as the Shiva Tandava Stotram
Parts of the stotra was recreated as a song in the following Indian films:
- Bhookailas (Telugu)
- Bala Ramayanam (Telugu)
- Ranavikrama (Kannada),
- Aabra Ka Daabra (Hindi)
- Luck (Hindi)
- Oxygen (Marathi),
- Singham (Hindi),
- Baahubali: The Beginning (Telugu)
- Nandanam (film) (Malayalam)
- Thandavam (Malayalam)
- Lingaa (Tamil)
- The Attacks of 26/11 (Hindi)
- Shivaay (Hindi)
- Baahubali 2: The Conclusion (Telugu)
- Dharam Sankat Mein (Hindi)
- Risk (Hindi)
- Satyameva Jayate 2018 (Hindi)
- Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi 2019 (Hindi)
- iSmart Shankar 2019 (Telugu)
- Nani's Gangleader 2019 (Telugu)
|Sanskrit Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- "Shivatandavastotra". Full text at Wikisource. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- Ramachander, P. R. "Shiva Thandava Stotram". saivism.net. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
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- Cakrabartī, Bishṇupada (24 July 2008). The Penguin Companion to the Ramayana. Penguin. p. 91. ISBN 0143100467. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- Social, Daily. "12 Of The Most Powerful Divine Weapons From Hindu Mythology". Daily Social. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
- Times, Hindstan (Jul 31, 2015). "Singing Baahubali's Shiv Stotram gave me goosebumps: Kailash Kher". HIndustan Times. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- Team, Indicine. "Maula Maula Lyrics – The Attacks of 26/11". Indicine. Retrieved 23 July 2018.