Shiva Tandava Stotra

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Shiva Tandava Stotra (Sanskrit: शिवताण्डवस्तोत्र, translit. śiva-tāṇḍava-stotra) is a stotra (Hindu hymn) that describes Shiva's power and beauty. It is traditionally attributed to Ravana, the asura King of Lanka and devotee of Shiva.[1]

Stotra[edit]

The stotra is in the Pañca-cāmara Chanda[clarification needed]. It has 16 syllables per line of the quatrain, with laghu (short syllable) and guru (long syllable) characters alternating; the poetic meter is iambic octameter by definition. There are 16 quatrains in total.[2]

Both the ninth and tenth quatrains of this hymn conclude with lists of Shiva's epithets as destroyer, even the destroyer of death itself. Alliteration and onomatopoeia create rolling waves of resounding beauty in this example of Hindu devotional poetry.[3]

In the final quatrain of the poem, after tiring of rampaging across the earth, Ravana asks, "When will I be happy?" Because of the intensity of his prayers and ascetic meditation, of which this hymn was an example, Ravana received from Shiva powers and a celestial sword called Chandrahas.[4][5][6][7][8]

Media adaptations[edit]

Parts of the stotra was recreated as a song in the following Indian films:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kalyan, Kavitha (17 October 2016). Vamsa: Quest for the Divine Calling. India: Notion Press. ISBN 194612947X. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Shivatandavastotra". Full text at Wikisource. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  3. ^ Ramachander, P. R. "Shiva Thandava Stotram". saivism.net. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  4. ^ Bennett, James (7 June 2017). Beneath the Winds: Masterpieces of Southeast Asian Art from the Art Gallery of South Australia. Australia: Art Gallery of South Australia. p. 251. ISBN 1921668075.
  5. ^ Cakrabartī, Bishṇupada (24 July 2008). The Penguin Companion to the Ramayana. Penguin. p. 91. ISBN 0143100467. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  6. ^ Social, Daily. "12 Of The Most Powerful Divine Weapons From Hindu Mythology". Daily Social. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Chandrahas". cleandungeon. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  8. ^ Sharma, Veena (22 June 2009). Kailash Manasarovar: A Sacred Journey. Lotus collection. ISBN 8174363297. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  9. ^ Times, Hindstan (Jul 31, 2015). "Singing Baahubali's Shiv Stotram gave me goosebumps: Kailash Kher". HIndustan Times. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  10. ^ Team, Indicine. "Maula Maula Lyrics – The Attacks of 26/11". Indicine. Retrieved 23 July 2018.