Shimoga

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Shimoga
Shivamogga
City
Indian Lion at Tyavarekoppa Tiger and Lion Reserve, Karnataka, India.jpg
Shivappanayaka.jpg
Sculpture of Mahishasura Mardhini dated to the 12th century.JPG
Shivappa Nayaka Palace and garden.JPG
Images, from top down, left right
Indian lion in the Tyavarekoppa Tiger and Lion Reserve
Statue of Keladi Shivappa Nayaka
Sculpture of Mahishasura Mardhini
Shivappa Nayaka palace
Shimoga is located in Karnataka
Shimoga
Shimoga
Shimoga is located in India
Shimoga
Shimoga
Coordinates: 13°56′N 75°34′E / 13.933°N 75.567°E / 13.933; 75.567Coordinates: 13°56′N 75°34′E / 13.933°N 75.567°E / 13.933; 75.567
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Shivamogga District
Region Malenadu
Government
 • Type City Municipal Corporation
 • Body Shivamogga Mahanagara Palike
Area[1]
 • Total 70.01 km2 (27.03 sq mi)
Elevation 569 m (1,867 ft)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 322,505
 • Rank 10th (Karnataka)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 577201 - 577205
Telephone code 91-(0)8182-XXXXXX
ISO 3166 code IN-KA
Vehicle registration KA-14
Climate Aw
Website www.shimogacity.gov.in

Shivamogga previously known as shimoga,[2] is a large city and the district headquarters of Shivamogga District in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. The city lies on the banks of the Tunga River. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly nicknamed as "Gateway of Malnad".

The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. The population of Shimoga city is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.[3]

History[edit]

The name of the city is derived from the term "shivmoga", "History behind the city name due to story that the Lord Shiva drunk Tunga river water using Mogge at the city, hence the city name Shiva-mogga". An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term "Sihi-Mogge", meaning "sweet pot". The district formed the southern tip of Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire in the third century BC.[citation needed] It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Ganges, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayaka rule during the 16th century[citation needed], reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century onwards, the city was a part of the Kingdom of Mysore until the independence of India in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of India.

On 1 November 2006, the government of Karnataka announced the renaming of Shimoga to "Shivamogga", along with nine other cities in the state. Central government has approved (12 cities) this request by mid on October 2014 and Shimoga is renamed as "Shivamogga" on 1 November 2014.[4][5][6][7]

Education[edit]

Shimoga is an important center for high school and pre-university education (classes 11th and 12th) in Karnataka, along with many other major cities in Karnataka. Bhadravathi is also a major education centre of the district. Notable institutes in Shimoga for pre-university (PU) education include: Sri Aurobindo PU College, PACE PU College, Acharya PU College (Nandana Education Trust[8] ), Vidya Bharathi PU College, National College, Vidyanikethan College, Sacred Heart, Sri Adichunchangiri Independent Pre-University College, DVS P.U. Independent college, DVS Composite College, PES P.U. College. The city gains its importance in part because of lack of good institutes in other parts of the district.

The village of Gajanur hosts a Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (central school) which is a boarding school. Kuvempu University is located in Shankarghatta, at a distance of 20 km from Shimoga.

Government High School is the oldest education institution in Shimoga.[9] It was started by the British in 1853.[9] Some other schools include The Educare School, Mandara Jnanadayini School, Inchara School (Gopala), Jnanadeepa, Ikhlas English School, Saandeepani, Vikasa, National Public School, Swami Vivekananda, Oxford, Sri Adichunchanagiri Composite High School, PES, Sarvodaya, Mary Immaculate, Vasavi, Sanjos, (Roman Catholic School), Sacred Heart High School, Loyola English High School (RC Schools), Ramakrishna, Rotary, Mahaveer, DVS and Ayyappa school.

Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences is the medical sciences college at Shimoga and managed by Government Departments. Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences is located at Purale.[10] Sharavathi Dental College is also located in Shimoga. Shivamogga also has two engineering colleges, Jawaharlal Nehru National College of Engineering and PES Institute of Technology and Management. Sahyadri College for Science, Commerce and Arts is one of the oldest in Karnataka, run by the Government. Tegginamath Arts Education Society Ayurvedic medical is located in Nidige.[11] There is a veterinary college, which is one among the 4 colleges present in Karnataka.There is also a University Of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences at Navule of Shimoga.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Shimoga in 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.[3] Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Shimoga has an average literacy rate of 88.02%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 91.32%, and female literacy is 84.70%.Total children (0-6) in Shimoga city are 31,626 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 16,130 boys while 15,496 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 961 per 1000 boys.[3]

Kannada is the most widely spoken language in Shimoga. Urdu is spoken by certain groups of people.[12]

Geography[edit]

According to the Shimoga City Municipal Corporation,[13] the city has a total area of about 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi). The climate is tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification) summer average temperature 20–35 °C (68–95 °F). This means that the winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. The majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October. Shimoga is a part of a region known as Malnad (land of hills) in Karnataka. Most/all these hills are part of the Western Ghats, a region known for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery and declared during 2012 as a World Heritage site. Tunga River flows through Shimoga. In summer (April–May), temperature crosses 36 °C at Shimoga.[14]

Climate data for Shimoga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
31
(88)
34.5
(94.1)
35.5
(95.9)
34
(93)
29
(84)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
27
(81)
27
(81)
29.8
(85.6)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
18
(64)
20
(68)
22.5
(72.5)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
17
(63)
16
(61)
19.5
(67.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
5
(0.2)
38
(1.5)
157
(6.18)
942
(37.09)
988
(38.9)
597
(23.5)
267
(10.51)
208
(8.19)
74
(2.91)
13
(0.51)
3,292
(129.61)
Source:[citation needed]


Industries[edit]

RMC Yard, Shimoga

Industries like Pearlite Industries, Malnad Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, Vijay Technnocrats, Perfect Alloys, are some foundries manufacture quality castings, supply to major Original Manufacturers in India and also exporting their products to many countries and several other Industries are located in Shimoga. APMC of Shimoga is main marketing point of arecanut, the major commercial crop grown in the district and well as in neighbouring districts like Uttara Kannada. Shimoga has the biggest areca nut market, and known for procuring high quality areca nuts. Other agricultural produces like rice, chili, coconut etc. are also marketed in APMC.

Shimoga IT Park is an information technology hub built just outside Shimoga near the future Shimoga Airport. The IT Park consists of a 100000 sq ft office building with 24/7 electrical capacity, diesel backup generators, and high speed T1 data connections for use by IT industries such as data centres, call centres, aerospace, robotics, etc.[15]

Transportation[edit]

KSRTC Bus Stand

Shimoga is well connected by road to Bangalore, Mangalore, Hubli and Bellary.

Shimoga Town has a railway station, and there are trains that run to and from Bangalore and Mysuru.

Shimoga Airport is under construction in Sogane, 6 km south of Shimoga.[16] The nearest international airports are Kempegowda International Airport and Mangaluru Airport.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Home". Shimoga City Municipal Council. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  2. ^ "Bangalore becomes 'Bengaluru'; 11 other cities renamed". The Economic Times. PTI. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c "Shimoga City". Census of India 2011. Population census of India. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  4. ^ "Bangalore, Mysore, Other Karnataka Cities to be Renamed on 1 November". International Business Times. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  5. ^ K. Jeevan Chinnappa (18 October 2014). "Centre nod for Karnataka's proposal on renaming cities". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  6. ^ "It's Bengaluru for Pranab". The Times of India. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  7. ^ Nagesh Prabhu. "New name for cities". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  8. ^ "Nandana Education Trust". Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Shimoga school turns 150". The Times of India. 29 October 2003. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  10. ^ "Contact Us". Subbaiah Institute of Medical Science. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  11. ^ "About Us". Tegginamath Arts Education Society. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  12. ^ "culture of shivamogga". shivamoggaonline.in. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  13. ^ "Shimoga Municipal corporation". Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  14. ^ "Shimoga weather". World Weather Online. Retrieved 18 July 2018. 
  15. ^ Veerendra P. M. (26 May 2014). "Two years on, Shimoga Information Technology Park awaits entrepreneurs". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. 
  16. ^ "Airport at Shimoga likely to come up at Sogane". The Hindu. 8 April 2006. ISSN 0971-751X. 

External links[edit]