Shivneri Caves

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Shivneri Caves
Shivneri caves.jpg
Shivneri Caves, Junnar, India.
Map showing the location of Shivneri Caves
Map showing the location of Shivneri Caves
Location Junnar
Coordinates 19°11′56″N 73°51′29″E / 19.1990°N 73.8580°E / 19.1990; 73.8580Coordinates: 19°11′56″N 73°51′29″E / 19.1990°N 73.8580°E / 19.1990; 73.8580
Geology Basalt
Shivneri hill, Junnar

Shivneri Caves (शिवनेरी लेणी) are located on Shivneri Hill, about 2 km South West of the Junnar town India.[1] Other caves surrounding the city of Junnar are: Manmodi caves, Lenyadri caves and Tulja caves.

Description[edit]

This Buddhist cave has the Shivneri fort on its top where Shivaji was born. This is group of 60 caves was excavated in the first half century A.D.[1] In early part of second century CE this caves were flourishing center of Buddhist activities.[2] The caves has astylar Chaitya[3]

Important Cave list include:[1]

  • Cave 26 – Two story Vihara
  • Cave 45 – Known as “Bara-kotri” has 12 cells for resident monks.
  • Cave 51 – A chaitya has inscription of merchant

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ahir, D. C. (2003). Buddhist sites and shrines in India : history, art, and architecture (1. ed.). Delhi: Sri Satguru Publ. p. 192. ISBN 8170307740. 
  2. ^ Brancaccio, Pia (2010). The caves at Aurangabad : Buddhist art in transformation. Leiden: Brill. p. 27. ISBN 9004185259. 
  3. ^ Te-kʻun, Cheng (1983). Studies in Chinese art. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press. p. 212. ISBN 9622012795.