Shivraj Singh Chouhan

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Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Shivraj Singh Chauhan (cropped 2).jpg
17th Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
In office
29 November 2005 – 16 December 2018
Preceded byBabulal Gaur
Succeeded byKamal Nath
President of Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha
In office
2000–2002
Preceded byRamashish Rai
Succeeded byG. Kishan Reddy
Member of Legislative Assembly, Madhya Pradesh
Assumed office
2006
Preceded byRajendra Singh
ConstituencyBudhni
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
1991–2006
Preceded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded byRampal Singh
ConstituencyVidisha
Personal details
Born (1959-03-05) 5 March 1959 (age 60)
Budhni, Madhya Pradesh, India
Citizenship India
NationalityIndian
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)Sadhna Singh Chouhan
Children2
Alma materBarkatullah University
ProfessionPolitician, agriculturist
Signature
Websiteshivrajsinghchouhan.org

Shivraj Singh Chouhan (born 5 March 1959) is an Indian politician and member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He is currently a member of the legislative assembly of the State of Madhya Pradesh.[1] He previously served as the Chief Minister of the Madhya Pradesh, between 2005 and 2018.[2][3]

As a leader of the BJP, Chouhan served as its general secretary and president of its Madhya Pradesh state unit. He joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh in 1972, as a 13-year-old. He is a five-time Member of Parliament, having represented Vidisha in the Lok Sabha, the lower House of the Indian Parliament, between 1991 and 2006.

In 2007, he had introduced schemes named as Ladli Laxmi Yojna, Kanyadhan Yojna and Janani Suraksha Yojna to focus on the prevention of female infanticide in the state. "Medhavi Vidhyati Yojana" and "Medhavi Chhatra Yojna" to 70% in 12th MP Board Bhopal and 85% CBSE Delhi.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Shivraj Singh Chouhan was born in the family of Prem Singh Chouhan and his wife Sundar Bai Chouhan in the Jait village of Sehore district.[5] Belonging to KIRAR community,[6][7] he is a gold medalist in M. A. (Philosophy) from Barkatullah University,[8] Bhopal. He is an agriculturist by profession. He is married to Sadhna Singh and they have two sons Kartrikey and Kunal.

Early political career[edit]

His early political career can be defined as up to the point of his first election to the Lok Sabha. He was elected President of the Model School Students Union in 1975.[9] In 1976-77, he participated in underground movement against Emergency and was imprisoned in Bhopal Jail for some time.

In his early political career, he has also been: A convener of Akhil Bhartiya Keshariya Vahini in 1991-92

  • A Member of Committee on Labour and Welfare from 1993 to 1996
  • A Member of Hindi Salahkar Samiti from 1994 to 2000.

Political career[edit]

He was first elected to the State Assembly from Budhni Constituency in 1990. He was elected a Member of Parliament for the first time in his career in 10th Lok Sabha from Vidisha Constituency in the following year.

In 1996, he was re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha (his second term). He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and Member of Consultative Committee, Ministry of Human Resources Development and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development from 1996 to 1997 and Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development, General Secretary of BJP, Madhya Pradesh in 1997-98.

Again in 1998, he was re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (third term). He was Member of Committee on Urban and Rural Development and its Sub-Committee on Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment in 1998-99.

His fourth term in the 13th Lok Sabha was from 1999. He was member of Committee on Agriculture in 1999-2000, member of Committee on Public Undertakings from 1999 to 2001, and National President of Bhartiya Janta Yuva Morcha from 2000 to 2003. He was also the Chairman of House Committee (Lok Sabha) and National Secretary of Bhartiya Janta Party.

The BJP swept Madhya Pradesh in the Assembly elections of December 2003. At that time, Shivraj Singh contested polls unsuccessfully against the incumbent Chief Minister Digvijaya Singh from Raghogarh.

He was a member of Consultative Committee, ministry of Communications from 2000 to 2004. He was re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (5th term) in 2004, with a margin of over 260,000 votes. He was member of Committee on Agriculture, member of Joint Committee on Offices of Profit, National General Secretary of BJP, Secretary of Parliamentary Board, and Secretary (Central Election Committee). He also headed Housing Committee of Lok Sabha, and member of Committee on Ethics.

Chief Minister[edit]

As the state BJP President, Chouhan was chosen to become the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh on 30 November 2005. He contested a by-election from Budhni assembly constituency the following year, winning his old seat by a margin of over 36,000 votes.

In 2008, Chouhan retained his Budhni seat by over 41,000 votes, and with it, led the BJP to a second consecutive victory in the state. On 12 December 2008, he was sworn in for his second term.

On 8 December 2013 Chouhan won Legislative Assembly elections in Budhni with 128,730 votes and Vidisha with 73,783 votes. He was also elected as Chief Minister of MP for a third term.[10]

On 12 December 2018, after failing to gain a majority in the 2018 Madhya Pradesh assembly election, Chouhan resigned as CM.[11]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Suryoday Manavta Seva Sanman, 2016[edit]

Chouhan was conferred with Suryoday Manavta Seva Sanman on 13 December 2016. He is the seventh recipient of the award, which carries 1.11 lakh and is given by spiritual leader Bhaiyyuji Maharaj's Shree Sadguru Datta Dharmik Evam Parmarthik Trust for bringing qualitative changes in lives of common people, poor and downtrodden.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  2. ^ BhopalDecember 15, IndiaToday in; December 15, 2018UPDATED:; Ist, 2018 14:28. "Shivraj Singh still calls himself CM of Madhya Pradesh. Only this time it means something else". India Today. Retrieved 16 December 2018.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  3. ^ "BJP considers 'larger' roles for Shivraj Singh Chouhan, Raman Singh, Vasundhara Raje". The Indian Express. 16 December 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  4. ^ "The secret of Shivraj Singh Chauhan's success". Rediff. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
  5. ^ "Chouhan's son of the soil image proves to be winner, again". Indian Express. 8 December 2013.
  6. ^ "I am proud to have taken birth in Kirar Samaj — CM Shri Chouhan". bharateseva.com. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
  7. ^ Ganguly, Sumit; Diamond, Larry; Plattner, Marc F. (13 August 2007). "The State of India's Democracy". JHU Press. p. 74 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "Barkatullah Universities Website". Archived from the original on 6 October 2006.
  9. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan, a humble victor". India Today. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Shivraj Singh Chouhan: the 'mama' with staying power". NDTV. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  11. ^ "Election Results LIVE Updates: Shivraj Singh Chouhan to resign as Madhya Pradesh CM; Mayawati declares support for Congress". Firstpost. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Indore: CM conferred Suryoday Manavta Seva Samman".
Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Member of Parliament
for Vidisha

1991 – 2006
Succeeded by
Rampal Singh
Political offices
Preceded by
Babulal Gaur
Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
29 November 2005 – 16 December 2018
Succeeded by
Kamal Nath

External links[edit]