Shivshankar Menon

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Shivshankar Menon
Msc2011 SZ 004 Menon (cropped).jpg
4th National Security Adviser of India
In office
24 January 2010 – 28 May 2014
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Preceded byM K Narayanan
Succeeded byAjit Kumar Doval
27th Foreign Secretary of India
In office
1 October 2006 – 31 July 2009
Preceded byShyam Saran
Succeeded byNirupama Rao
Ambassador of India to China[1]
In office
3 August 2000 – 7 July 2003
Preceded byVijay K. Nambiar
Succeeded byNalin Surie
High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka[2]
In office
Succeeded byGopalkrishna Gandhi
Personal details
Born (1949-07-05) 5 July 1949 (age 70)
Ottapalam, Madras State, Dominion of India (now Kerala, India)
RelativesK. P. S. Menon (grandfather)
C. Sankaran Nair (great-grandfather)
ResidenceNew Delhi, India
Alma materSt. Stephen's College, Delhi University
OccupationDiplomat, civil servant

Shivshankar Menon (born 5 July 1949) is an Indian diplomat, who served as National Security Adviser of India under Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh. He had previously served as the Foreign Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs . Prior to that he was Indian High Commissioner to Pakistan, and Sri Lanka and ambassador to China and Israel.[3][4][5]

Early life and education[edit]

Shivshankar Menon hails from Ottapalam in Palakkad district of Kerala. He comes from a family of diplomats; his father Parappil Narayana Menon served as the ambassador to Yugoslavia in his last days. His grandfather K. P. S. Menon (senior) was India's first Foreign Secretary, while his uncle K P S Menon (junior) was the former Indian ambassador to China.[4] His great-grandfather Sir C. Sankaran Nair was a president of the Indian National Congress in 1897.

Menon did his schooling from Scindia School, Gwalior, and later did his MA in History from St. Stephen's College, Delhi University.


Mr Shivshankar Menon Had started his career in 1972 with the Indian Foreign Service.[3]

He Has served the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) as Advisor to the Atomic Energy Commission. His work continued through his posting in Vienna. He was then posted to Beijing, the first of three positions he served in China. His last position in China as ambassador was also significant as it marked improvement in Sino-India relations, the high point being the visit of then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Menon has also served as Ambassador to Israel and High Commissioner to Sri Lanka[2] and Pakistan. He was appointed Foreign Secretary in 2006, and was the National Security Advisor to Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh. He Had relinquished office as Indias "4th " National Security Advisor on 15 May 2014.

A major milestone of his career was the Indo-US nuclear deal, for which he Had worked hard to convince NSG Member nations Along With Shyam Saran to get a clean waiver for nuclear supplies to India.

Menon joined the Brookings Institution (USA) as a distinguished fellow and also serves as chairman of the Advisory Board of the Institute of Chinese Studies Based in New Delhi.

Mr Shivshankar Menon Has Written A Book Named " Choices:Inside The Making Of Indian Foreign Policy " First Published On 15 November 2016 Based On His Experience As A "4Th" National Security Advisor Of India.

He Has joined as a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Institute of South Asian Studies at National University of Singapore in November 2017.

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Mohini Menon and has a daughter and a son. His mother tongue is Malayalam and he also speaks Hindi, English, Chinese and German.[3]

In spite of his busy schedule in the Indian Foreign Service he has managed to keep up with his interests in classical music and the Himalayas. The Scindia School conferred on Shivshankar Menon the "Madhav Award" as an alumnus of eminence for the year 2000.[6]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b "Former High Commissioners". High Commission of India, Colombo, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 15 March 2019. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Profile of Foreign Secretary Mr. Shivshankar Menon". Embassy of India, Washington DC. Archived from the original on 26 January 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Menon is next NSA". The Hindu. 21 January 2010.
  5. ^ "Shiv Shankar Menon is new National Security Advisor". 21 January 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  6. ^ Madhav Awardees: Shiv Shankar Menon, 2000 Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine Scindia School website.