The original Paiwan name for the area was Tjakuvukuvulj (Tjakuvukuvuɬ; historically rendered as Chaobo Obol or in Chinese: 腳歐伯伯). Han Chinese settlers noted a rock outcropping in the shape of a lion's head (Chinese: 獅仔頭山; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sai-á-thâu-soaⁿ; literally: "lion-head mountain") and called the village Sai-a-thau-sia (獅仔頭社; Sai-á-thâu-siā; "lion-head village").
The terrain of Shizi is mountainous, as the district is located near Taiwan's Central Mountain Range.
The township comprises eight villages:
- Caopu (Chinese: 草埔; pinyin: Cǎobù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chháu-po) (Paiwan: Supaw)
- Danlu (丹路; Dānlù; Tan-lō) (Paiwan: Tjakuljakuljai)
- Fenglin (楓林; Fēnglín; Png-lîm)(Paiwan: Kaidi/Naimalipa)
- Nanshi (南世; Nánshì; Lâm-sè) (Paiwan: Nansiku/Tjuladu)
- Neishi (內獅; Nèishī; Lāi-sai) (Paiwan: Kacedas)
- Neiwen (內文; Nèiwén; Lāi-bûn) (Paiwan: Naibun/Tjakuvukuvulj)
- Shizi (獅子; Shīzi; Sai-chú) (Paiwan: Tjaqaciljai)
- Zhukeng (竹坑; Zhúkēng; Tek-kheⁿ) (Paiwan: Tjuruguai)
Places of interest in or around Shizi are Shuangliu Forest Recreation Area, the Cultural Objects Museum, Lilongshan and Neiwen Village.
Shizi is connected via railway through the TRA South-Link Line. Important stations is Fangshan Station. There are also two highways: Provincial Highway No.1 and Provincial Highway No.9 (South-Link Highway).
- 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. Glossary of Names for Administrative Divisions. (in Chinese) Accessed at Taiwan Geographic Names Information System website Archived 2013-08-16 at the Wayback Machine. (in English). Ministry of the Interior. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- 吳秀麗 (1994). 商用台語. Independence Evening Post (in Chinese). Taipei. p. 145. ISBN 9789575963149.
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- Shizi Township Office website (in Taiwanese Mandarin)
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