Shlomo Elyashiv

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Shlomo Elyashiv (Eliashov) (January 5, 1841 [12 Tevet 5602] - March 13, 1926 [27 Adar, 5676]) (Hebrew: שלמה בן חיים חייקל אלישיב‎‎), also known as the Leshem or Ba'al HaLeshem, was a famous kabbalist, who was born in Šiauliai, Lithuania, and later moved to then Palestine .

His father was Rabbi Chayim Chaikl Eliashoff. He was the grandfather of Rabbi Yosef Sholom Eliashiv

Aliyah With the help of Harav Abraham Isaac Kook the Elyashiv family were successfully brought over to the then Palestinine where they settled in Jerusalem. It is said over that the Lesham was so destitute he did not own a coat at which point Harav Kook removed his own thick winter coat and placed it on the Leshem. The Leshem wore this coat for the rest of his life. Passing it on to the late Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv.

The primary work for which Elyashiv is known is Leshem Shevo V’Achlama which was written in four parts and released in the following order:

  • Drushei Olam HaTohu (Sefer HaDei'ah) - Elyashiv details what happened, based upon the Zohar, Arizal, and the Vilna Gaon, from the first moment of God’s emanation of light that we are allowed to study, until physical Creation itself.
  • Hakdamot u’She’arim (HaKadosh) - An introduction to Elyashiv's system, based upon the idea of five major revelations that occur between the Divine and humanity; it also contains a discussion of the Sarugian Lurianic system, particularly of the idea of the "malbush"
  • Sha’arei Leshem Shevo V’Achlama, Sefer HaBeiurim
  • Sha’arei Leshem Shevo V’Achlama, Sefer HaKlallim

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