Shlomo Shamir

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Shlomo Shamir
Shlomo Shamir.jpg
Born15 June 1915
Berdychiv, Russian Empire
Died19 May 2009(2009-05-19) (aged 93)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Allegiance Israel
Service/branch Israeli Navy
 Israeli Air Force
Years of service1929–1951
RankAluf
Commands heldCommander of the Israeli Navy, Commander of the Israeli Air Force
Battles/warsWorld War II
[1947–1949 Palestine war]]

Shlomo Shamir (15 June 1915 – 19 May 2009) was the third Commander of the Israeli Navy (1949–1950), and the first Israeli Navy Commander to receive the rank of Aluf. He was the third Commander of the Israeli Air Force (1950–1951).

Biography[edit]

Shlomo Shamir was born Shlomo Rabinowitch, in Berdychiv, Russian Empire. He was taken to Palestine in 1925. In 1929 he joined the Haganah and was instrumental in smuggling weapons and illegal Jewish immigrants into Palestine during the time of the British Mandate and the White Paper of 1939. In 1940 he received his pilot license, and in the same year he joined the Royal Air Force in order to fight the Nazis and gain experience in warfare. In 1946 he was discharged from the British military with the rank of major.

In 1948 he was ordered by Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion to lead the Israeli 7th Armored Brigade in the fight to conquer Latrun. He was also instrumental in creating the Burma Road. At the end of the 1947–1949 Palestine war he was offered to be appointed as the Chief of the General Staff, but he refused. Instead he served other capacities, eventually becoming the third Commander of the Israeli Navy in May 1949. He helped build the small Israeli Navy by purchasing a new corvette and advanced torpedo boats. In 1950, he was replaced as Commander of the Israeli Navy by Mordechai Limon and became the Commander of the Israeli Air Force. Under his leadership, the Israeli Air Defense Network was created, and the Hatzor Israeli Air Force Base built. In August 1951, he handed command of the Air Force over to Haim Laskov and retired from the Israel Defense Forces.[1][2]

In civilian life, Shamir became a successful businessman, creating many companies. He received a master's degree in Social Sciences from Tel Aviv University and a master's degree in administration from Harvard University.

On 19 May 2009 Shamir died in Tel Aviv at the age of 93, leaving his daughter Yael, two grandchildren and one great-grandchild.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.olinfilms.com/brigade/resources/bios/shamir.htmlשמיר[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 May 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 8 April 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)