Shmulik Kraus

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Shmuel "Shmulik" Kraus
Shmulik Kraus in his youth
Born(1935-07-01)July 1, 1935
DiedFebruary 17, 2013(2013-02-17) (aged 77)
Occupation(s)Pop-rock singer, Composer, Actor
Known forPioneering Israeli music, films, and children's music

Shmuel "Shmulik" Kraus (Hebrew: שמוליק קראוס; July 1, 1935 – February 17, 2013) was an Israeli pop-rock singer, composer, and actor.[1][2] Kraus, one of the pioneers of Israeli music, underwent various personal crises in the course of his career. He appeared in several films, including Rocking Horse and Hole in the Moon, and composed songs for other performers, such as Shalom Hanoch. He was also known for his music for children based on the lyrics of Miriam Yalan-Shteklis.


Kraus was born in the Nahalat Ahim quarter of Jerusalem.[3] He was one of four brothers.[4] His mother, Rosa, was a housewife, and his father, Musa, was a driver. Kraus began his career in the arts by teaching tap dance in Haifa. After serving in the Israeli Navy, he worked as a merchant seaman.[5] Kraus married Josie Katz, who eventually divorced him and left the country in the early 1980s to develop an independent career. In March 1971, Kraus was arrested for illegal gun possession after threatening Israeli soldiers sent to evict him from a building he had constructed on a plot near Nebi Samuel, which he said he had inherited from his father. According to the authorities, the Ottoman deed he held was not valid.[6] On February 17, 2013, Kraus died after being hospitalized with swine influenza.

Music career[edit]

Kraus began to sing at the end of the 1950s along with Abraham Reichstadt (known as Avi Ofarim, before inclusion of Esther Ofarim). He composed and performed the "prairie house", a song written in memory of his father, who was active in the establishment of Kibbutz Beit HaArava.

In the early 1960s, he met Josie Katz, later his wife, who came to Israel from the United States to volunteer at a kibbutz. He became her partner and produced her as a club singer in Eilat and Tel Aviv. In 1966, he, Katz and Arik Einstein established The High Windows band. Kraus composed all the group's songs, pop songs and rock that were innovative for their time.

In the early 70s, Kraus participated in recording albums of Arik Einstein. He composed songs to Einstein ("When you cry, you're not pretty"), Arik Lavie ("It Happens"), to Katz band ("Ballad for a Kibbutz deserter") and the "Good, the Bad and the Girl" group ("Days of Cinema").

In 1971, he was charged with illegal gun possession and spent time in prison. During his incarceration, he wrote songs for his first solo album, The State of Israel vs. Kraus Shmuel. One song, “Hot Friday,” was banned from the airwaves because it was about smoking hashish. A color video clip was also disqualified because Kraus appears in it smoking cannabis.[7]

In 1975, Kraus and Josie Katz put out an album of songs based on the poems of Miriam Yalan-Shtekelis.[8]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Israeli astronaut Ilan Ramon chose his song “Hatishma Koli” to be played while he orbited earth on the Columbia space shuttle in 2003.[9]


Year Title Role
1964 Hor B'Levana
1966 Fortuna Fortuna's brother
1967 999 Aliza Mizrahi Yaron Zinder
1968 Iris Joram
1973 Adam
1978 Sus Etz
1983 Magash Hakesef
1984 The Ambassador Stone


Year Album
1965 Chants D'Israel par Shmulik
1967 The High Windows
1975 Alone Together and Alone Alone
1977 The State of Israel Versus Shmulik Kraus
1981 Seventy Eight (collection)
1982 Spinning Wheel
1988 After Twenty Years
1994 Environmentally Friendly
1994 You See Far, You See Clear (collection)
2003 Day After Fleeting Day
2010 The Very Best of (collection)


  1. ^ "הענקת פרס שר החינוך למפעל חיים | האתר של שלי יחימוביץ'". Archived from the original on 2012-04-02.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Shmulik Kraus: A genius
  4. ^ Israeli musical pioneer Shmulik Kraus laid to rest
  5. ^ Shmulik Kraus, one of Israeli pop's founding fathers, dies at 78
  6. ^ Criminal Record
  7. ^ Shmulik Kraus: A genius
  8. ^ Interview with Shmulik Kraus
  9. ^ Israeli musical pioneer Shmulik Kraus laid to rest

External links[edit]