Shochiku Robins

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Shochiku Robins
League Nippon Professional Baseball
* Central League
Ballpark Shimonoseki Baseball Stadium (1950–1952)
Year established 1936
Division championships 1 (1950)
Former name(s) Dai Tokyo (1936)
Lion Baseball Club (1937–1940)
Asahi Baseball Club (1941–1944)
Pacific Baseball Club (1946)
Taiyō Robins (1947–1949)
Former league(s) Japanese Baseball League (1936–1949)
Former ballparks Kinugasa Stadium
Colors dark olive green, red
         
Ownership Kokumin Shimbun (1936)
Komajiro Tamura (1937–1949)
Shochiku (1950–1952)
Manager Tokuro Konishi (1936–1938, 1950, 1952)
Kyouichi Nitta (1951–1953)

The Shochiku Robins was a Japanese baseball team that played in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB). The franchise originated in the Japanese Baseball League (NPB's predecessor) and existed from 1936–1953, when it merged with another team. Originally based in Tokyo, the club moved to Osaka in 1941.

Franchise history[edit]

Japanese Baseball League[edit]

Dai Tokyo[edit]

The club was founded as Dai Tokyo before the 1936 Japanese Baseball League season. They made history by signing an African-American player, James E. Bonner (known in Japan as "Jimmy Bonna"), 11 years before Jackie Robinson broke the Major League Baseball color barrier.[1]

The worst team in the league its first year, the club improved in spring 1937.

Lion[edit]

On August 31, midway through the 1937 fall season,[2] the team changed its name to the Lion Baseball Club when it was acquired by Komajiro Tamura, with sponsorship by Lion Toothpaste.[3]

Late in the 1940 season, the Japan Baseball League outlawed English nicknames (due to rising tensions with the West).[3] Owner Tamura refused to change the team's name, insisting that "Lion" is Japanese (In actuality, he wanted to honor the team's sponsorship contract with Lion Toothpaste.)[3] The team completed the season as Lion, finishing in last place, 50 games behind Tokyo Kyojin.

Asahi[edit]

In 1941 the team moved from Tokyo to Osaka and acquiring new sponsorship from Asahi Shimbun;[4] from 1941–1944 it was called the Asahi Baseball Club, and in 1943 had its first winning season, finishing at 41-36-7.

Pacific[edit]

After the resumption of the Japanese Baseball League in 1946 (after World War II), the team changed its name to Pacific Baseball Club (popularly known as Taihei — "peace").[5] Meanwhile, team owner Komajiro Tamura started another franchise that season, Gold Star, which signed many of Asahi's former players, as well as Asahi's former manager Michinori Tubouchi.[6]

To fill out its roster, Pacific signed long-time Tokyo Kyojin/Yomiuri Giants pitcher Victor Starffin, as well as some other famous players. These signings led to a serious conflict, and Pacific was forced to forfeit four games that season.[citation needed]

Taiyo Robins[edit]

English nicknames returned to Japanese baseball after the 1946 season,[7] and the team changed its name to the Taiyo Robins. Still owned by Komajiro Tamura, "Taiyo" came from Tamura's fabric store Taiyo Rayon, and "Robins" from Tamura's personal nickname, "Koma" ("robins" in Japanese).[7] The kanji for "Taiyo" (太陽) has connotations of the sun, and for a brief confusing period the team featured the words "Suns" on its road uniforms and "Robins" on its home uniforms.[7]

Starffin left after the 1947 season, and none of the name variations helped improve the team's play. The JBL reorganized after the 1949 season; the franchise ended its Japanese Baseball League run with a losing season every single year except 1943.

Nippon Professional Baseball[edit]

Shochiku Robins[edit]

In 1950, when the JBL reorganized to become Nippon Professional Baseball, the Robins joined NPB's Central League. A share of the team was sold to Shochiku and it became the Shochiku Robins. Amazingly, that year the team won 46 more games than the year before, totaling 98 wins and coming in first in their division. Led by league MVP Makoto Kozuru and his 51 home runs and still-league record 163 RBI, they played in the inaugural Japan Series, ultimately falling to the Mainichi Orions, 4 games to 2.

Merger with the Taiyo Whales[edit]

After a mediocre year in 1951, they lost 84 games in 1952. It was decided that any Central League teams ending the season with a winning percentage below .300 would be disbanded or merged with other teams. The Robins fell into this category, and were merged with the Taiyo Whales to become the Taiyo Shochiku Robins in January 1953. The resulting franchise is now known as the Yokohama DeNA BayStars.

Managers[edit]

Japanese Baseball League season-by-season records[edit]

Year Team name Wins Losses Ties Win/Loss Percentage Standings Games behind
1936 (spring) Dai Tokyo 0 13 1 .000 7 N.A.
1936 (fall) Dai Tokyo 5 21 2 .192 7 17
1937 (spring) Dai Tokyo 21 31 4 .404 6 19
1937 (fall) Lion 19 29 1 .396 6 20
1938 (spring) Lion 9 26 0 .257 8 20
1938 (fall) Lion 19 20 1 .487 6 11
1939 Lion 33 58 5 .363 8 32.5
1940 Lion 24 76 4 .240 9 50
1941 Asahi 29 59 1 .298 8 37
1942 Asahi 49 50 4 .495 4 23.5
1943 Asahi 41 36 7 .532 3 11
1944 Asahi 12 22 1 .353 5 15.5
1946 Pacific 42 60 3 .412 8 21.5
1947 Taiyō Robins 50 64 5 .439 8 28
1948 Taiyō Robins 61 74 5 .452 6 25.5
1949 Taiyō Robins 52 81 0 .391 8 33

Nippon Professional Baseball season-by-season records[edit]

Year Team name Wins Losses Ties Win/Loss Percentage Central League Standings Games behind
1950 Shochiku Robins 98 35 4 .737 1 --
1951 Shochiku Robins 53 57 5 .482 4 27
1952 Shochiku Robins 34 84 2 .288 7 48

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas, Dexter. "Japan's First Black Baseball Player: Eleven Years Before Jackie Robinson, Tokyo Signed a Black Ace Pitcher," Medium "Culture Club" (Oct. 7, 2014).
  2. ^ "Dai Tokyo," Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed Mar. 10, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Lion," Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed March 10, 2015.
  4. ^ "Asahi," Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed March 10, 2015.
  5. ^ "Pacific," Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed March 10, 2015.
  6. ^ "Goldstar," Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed March 8, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c "Taiyo Robins," Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed March 10, 2015.