List of shoe-throwing incidents
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
Shoe-throwing, or shoeing, showing the sole of one's shoe or using shoes to insult are forms of protest in many parts of the world. Incidents where shoes were thrown at political figures have taken place in Australia, India, Ireland, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Pakistan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and most notably the Arab world.
Posters of George W. Bush's face have long appeared through the Middle East with shoes attached to them, and some people have called former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice kundara, meaning "shoe". Shoeing received attention after Muntadhar al-Zaidi threw his shoes at then U.S. President George W. Bush in a 14 December 2008 press conference in Baghdad, Iraq. Since the al-Zaidi incident, copycat incidents in Europe, North America, India, China, Hong Kong, Iran, Turkey and Australia have been reported.
Shoes are considered unclean in the Arab World. Matthew Cassel of The Electronic Intifada in the context of the "Bush shoeing" incident has expressed the opinion that the Western media overplayed the phenomenon as being "Arab" in particular.
- 7 April: Arbab Ghulam Rahim, the former Chief Minister of Sindh, Pakistan, was leaving the back door of the Sindh assembly building after taking oath as a newly elected member when he was hit by a shoe thrown by Agha Javed Pathan, a worker from the Pakistan Peoples Party.
- 14 December: During a press conference at the Prime Minister's Palace in Baghdad, Iraq, journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi threw his shoes at then United States President George W. Bush. "This is a farewell kiss from the Iraqi people, you dog!" yelled al-Zaidi in Arabic as he threw his first shoe towards the U.S. president. "This is for the widows and orphans and all those killed in Iraq!" he shouted as he threw his second shoe. President Bush ducked twice, avoiding being hit by the shoes.
- 17 December: Queens resident and Amtrak employee Stephen Millies, a protestor at a meeting of the Metropolitan Transit Authority of New York City (MTA), tried to throw his shoe at the CEO of the MTA with the statement, "This shoe is for you!" Millies managed to shake off his left shoe before being stopped and detained by MTA Police.
- 17 December: The anti-war group Code Pink pelted shoes at an effigy of then-U.S. President George W. Bush outside the White House. Protesters presented their shoes at U.S. embassies around the world to show their support for al-Zaidi.
- 20 December: Protesters in Montreal and Toronto threw shoes at posters of then-U.S. President George W. Bush in front of their respective U.S. consulates to support Muntadhar al-Zaidi, to demand his immediate release, and to celebrate his gesture. The shoe tosses took place in −24 °C weather during protests against the U.S. military occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan and against Canada's involvement in the U.S.-led war in Afghanistan. At the shoe toss event in Toronto, Ahmed Habib, a refugee from Baghdad, said, "We don't think of Muntadhar al-Zaidi as a criminal but, in fact, we think of him as a hero. The only war criminal is George Bush and his buddy Stephen Harper, so shame on the both of them." At the shoe toss event in Montreal, Québec solidaire leader and MNA Amir Khadir threw his shoes at a picture of President Bush and was later criticized and accused of betraying the "dignity and responsibilities of a[n] MNA."
- 20 December: Ukrainian reporter Ihor Dmitriv pelted a Ukrainian politician with a shoe when Dmitriv became angered by the politician's sexist remarks. Speaking in NATO accession, Oleh Soskin said NATO membership was more favored by the Ukrainian women, as they were "the more intelligent" part of the body politic. Dmitriv said his attack was motivated by the Ukrainian leadership's "craziness" and said "a shoe is going to become a leading means (for common people) to influence their leaders."
- 20 January: Protesters in the United States shoed an inflatable replica of George W. Bush in replication of al-Zaidi's shoe-throwing incident.
- 2 February: Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao was in London, speaking with British Prime Minister Gordon Brown about economic cooperation and trade relations between China and the United Kingdom. That day, Wen was scheduled to give the Rede Lecture at the University of Cambridge entitled, "See China in the Light of Her Development". As Wen came to the end of his lecture, a man, later identified as a 27-year-old German national Martin Jahnke, stood from the audience, blew a whistle and shouted, "How can the university prostitute itself with this dictator here? How can you listen to these lies he's telling?" Jahnke then threw his shoe at Wen, although the shoe landed a few feet away. Fellow members of the audience shouted at Jahnke, "Shame on you", as he was escorted out of the auditorium. Jahnke was promptly removed from the lecture by university proctors and then arrested by police on suspicion of breach of the peace and attempted assault. After the shoe was thrown, Premier Wen commented, "this despicable behaviour cannot stand in the way of friendship between China and the UK." University Vice-Chancellor Alison Richard commented, "I deeply regret that a single member of the audience this afternoon failed to show the respect for our speaker that is customary at Cambridge. This university is a place for considered argument and debate, not for shoe-throwing." Premier Wen urged leniency for the German student. "Education is best for a young student, and I hope he will have the opportunity to continue his education. The return of a prodigal is worth more than gold", said the message from Wen, posted on the Foreign Ministry website. A district judge later concluded there was insufficient evidence to prove that Jahnke's behavior had caused harassment, alarm or distress to the Chinese leader or anyone else in the lecture theater. Human rights campaigners cheered him as he left Cambridge Magistrates' Court. "I didn't want to hit the premier personally. I thought just placing the shoe on the stage would be universally understood. What it was meant to be was a symbolic protest. I didn't intend to hurt people." During his trial, Jahnke's lawyers alleged that his prosecution was being pushed forward under pressure from the Chinese government, and that there had been political interference in the trial, though this accusation was dismissed by the trial judge due to lack of evidence.
- 5 February: Israeli Ambassador to Sweden Benny Dagan was hit by a protester's shoe while speaking about the 2009 Gaza War. The shoe throwers reportedly chanted "Murderer!" and "Intifada!".
- 6 March: During a trip to the city of Urmia, someone threw a shoe at the motorcade of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. People had become angry after the president's convoy hit an elderly man but did not stop. A shoe had previously been thrown at Ahmadinejad at Amir Kabir University in 2006.
- 17 March: Canadian protesters in Calgary used shoes as props during their demonstrations, even going so far as to create a "shoe cannon".
- April: A schoolteacher hurled a slipper at Indian National Congress Lok Sabha candidate Naveen Jindal.
- April: Some shareholders in Fortis bank threw their shoes at executives in opposition to the decision to sell part of the bank to BNP Paribas.
- April: BJP worker Pavas Agrawal hurled a slipper at BJP leader Lal Krishna Advani. Agrawal was arrested for interrogation.
- 7 April: India's Home Minister P. Chidambaram was shoed by Jarnail Singh, a Sikh journalist who works at the Hindi daily Dainik Jagaran. Chidamabaram was asked a question by Jarnail Singh on the Central Bureau of Investigation's (CBI) clean chit to Congress leader Jagdish Tytler on the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. He said that CBI was not under the home ministry, and no ministry of the government had put any pressure on the CBI. He said that "It is for the court to accept or reject or ask for further investigation by CBI. Let us wait for the court decision". When Jarnail Singh persisted with his questions, Chidambaram told him "no arguments, you are using this forum". Following this the journalist lobbed his shoe saying 'I protest'. Thrown underhand with little force, the shoe narrowly missed hitting Chidambaram. The action caused a flutter in the hall.[verification needed] Chidambaram responded to the situation in a composed manner and said that the journalist should be removed from the press conference hall gently. Chidambaram said to the reporters, "let not the action of one emotional person hijack the entire press conference. I have answered his questions to the best of my ability." After the incident, Singh said that he was sorry for the method of protest he adopted, but issue is right. He added that he felt upset that the government had not done justice in the anti-Sikh riots. Singh also appealed to journalists and others not to repeat his actions. Asked if he could have used some other manner to protest, "For the last 25 years this has been happening. So what other method is left (to protest)", Jarnail Singh said. Jarnail Singh was let off without any charges on the insistence of Chidambaram. The whole incident set off a major media feeding frenzy with 24x7 TV coverage and snowballed into a major election issue which embarrassed Congress politically. The police said that no complaint was lodged with them, and Chidambaram said that the journalist should be forgiven. A few Sikh bodies came out in Singh's support and even offered rewards. The shoe throwing incident also sparked off widespread protests by Sikhs against the CBI which had given a clean chit to Tytler. After the shoe throwing incident, Congress calculated politically that all the media controversy created could make it lose many seats especially in Punjab. Fearing further controversy, Congress dropped both Tytler and Sajjan Kumar as congress candidates from Lok Sabha 2009 elections.
- 16 April: Indian Leader of Opposition and Prime Ministerial candidate of National Democratic Alliance L K Advani was shoed by his own party member, Pawas Agarwal, a former district vice-president of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Katni Town in Madhya Pradesh.
- 26 April: During an election rally, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh came under a shoe attack in Ahmedabad. A 28-year-old man made an attempt to throw a shoe at Singh while he was addressing the rally. The shoe landed a few meters away from Singh. Soon after the incident took place, the shoe thrower was taken away by police. Singh asked the police not to file any charges. The incident was condemned by the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party and was called an "unestablished way of protesting against democracy."
- October: A shoe was hurled at Clifford D. May by a student named Muhammad Hussain.
- 1 October: A student threw a shoe at the director of the International Monetary Fund, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, as he addressed a university in Istanbul, Turkey. The shoe did not hit Strauss-Khan but landed on the stage. The student, Selçuk Özbek, from the left-wing newspaper BirGün, was taken away by security as he shouted "IMF get out!" A female protestor was also escorted from the hall while others shouted, "Go away IMF, you're stealing money."
- 8 October A single shoe was hurled at Clifford May as a protest by a student named Muhammad Hussain, who was also the class representative of his class at Karachi University I.R. Dept. Pakistan.
- 23 October: Supporters of Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad threw their shoes at opposition leader Mehdi Karroubi as he visited Tehran during the 2009 Iranian election protests. A fight broke out between supporters of Ahmadinejad and Karroubi and one of the Ahmadinejad supporters threw a shoe at Karroubi, which hit him in the face and resulted in his turban falling off.
- November: a shoe was hurled at Gordana Čomić, Vice-President of the National Assembly of Serbia by Serbian Radical Party MP Gordana Pop-Lazić.
- 4 November Former Australian Prime Minister John Howard was delivering a speech about leadership in the new century at Cambridge University when an Australian student called him a racist before taking off his boot and throwing it in his direction.
- 1 December: Muntadhar al-Zaidi, who first shoed George W. Bush, was shoed himself in Paris by an exiled Iraqi journalist, who accused him of "working for dictatorship in Iraq". The incident occurred while al-Zaidi was speaking about his experiences during the Bush shoeing and its aftermath. Al-Zaidi later said, "He stole my technique." The incident occurred while al-Zaidi was speaking about his experiences during the Bush shoeing and its aftermath.
- January: During a public meeting, a man threw a shoe at Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir in the Friendship Hall in Khartoum, which missed. The man was later detained by security forces, while the President's office denied the incident took place and said the man was arrested as he attempted to pass a letter to al-Bashir. Witnesses described the man, whose reasons for throwing the shoe were unclear, as calm as he was detained.
- 27 January: During a hearing on medical marijuana, 52-year-old Pinchas Cohen hurled his sneaker at President of the Supreme Court of Israel Dorit Beinisch. The shoe struck Beinisch between the eyes, breaking her glasses and knocking her off her chair. Cohen, disgruntled over a family court decision four years prior, was arrested for the act, and sentenced for three years in prison. Cohen later apologized to Beinisch.
- February: A 26-year-old Kurd with Syrian citizenship tried to shoe Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in Sevilla. The shoes missed Erdogan. While throwing the shoes, the man called, "long live free Kurdistan".
- 6 March: Chief Secretary for Administration Henry Tang, attended a youth summit in Chai Wan, Hong Kong, organized by the Home Affairs Bureau. A 31-year-old man threw a shoe at Tang, and it landed on the stage meters away from him. The man was taken away by police. The man was unemployed after getting fired by a computer company, and the government policies were not helping him. He said he was not a "post-80s" teen, but supported the highspeed rail protest connecting HK to Guangdong. Before the summit, about 30 people from several youth groups gathered outside the building to wave banners and said the forum was a fake consultation and that young people's opinions were neglected. When Tang left the building, protesters tried to block his passage and demanded to speak to him. One protester laid on the road in front of Tang's car and had to be forcibly removed by the police. A protester said that the topics discussed in the summit are not those that any young person would be interested in.
- 7 August: President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari was targeted by a 50-year-old man named Sardar Shamim Khan, who hurled a pair of shoes at him during Zardari's visit to Birmingham, England. Khan was wrestled down by security guards after he threw two shoes and shouted ‘killer’ as Zardari spoke during a political rally at the International Convention Centre. The shoes did not hit Zardari, who did not respond to the attack. Khan was believed to be a Pakistani national from Derby who was sitting in the front row at the rally. He was dressed in a traditional Shalwar kameez. Following the incident, he was led away by police, questioned, and later released without charge. Shamim Khan said that he threw his shoes at him because Pakistan was fighting with the worst flood in eighty years and its aftermath while President Zardari was enjoying a week-long trip in Europe instead of being with his people. Shamim Khan is being treated as a national hero in Pakistan due to ongoing hatred against President Zardari in Pakistan.
- The NBC series Kings imitated the shoe throwing incident in the episode "The New King (Part 2)".[when?]
- 15 August: A police officer hurled his brown leather shoe at Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah. The chief minister was about to address a gathering organised on India's 64th Independence Day. The officer, identified as assistant sub-inspector of police Abdul Ahad Jan, later waved a black flag, shouting pro-freedom slogans against the Indian rule in the disputed territory. Abdullah's security men escorted the officer from the function venue.
- 4 September: Former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair had an egg and shoes thrown at him at a signing for his book, A Journey, outside Eason's in Dublin.
- 5 September Anti-war protesters threw eggs, bottles and shoes at former British Prime Minister Tony Blair at another book signing event in Dublin, Ireland.
- 11 September: A shoe was thrown at Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou while he was inaugurating the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair. Stergios Prapavesis, a 50-year old radiologist and militant of the Patriotic Front (PAM), tossed the shoe, shouting, "You are not a patriot, you are a traitor", referring to the decision of the Greek government under Papandreou to accept IMF, ECB, and EU austerity measures. The shoe missed him by inches while Prapavesis, along with his 15-year-old daughter and farmer Stavros Vitalis, who was with the pair at the time, was apprehended. Just moments after he left, an angry protester threw another shoe at him. On its website, the group "calls upon the Greek people to express their displeasure by throwing their old shoes along the Prime Minister's journey from the airport to the Thessaloniki International Fair." Prapavesis described the shoe-throwing incident as "a political act against the government's austerity policies" and warned that "many more will follow."
- 25 October: Two shoes were thrown at John Howard, the former Prime Minister of Australia, by Peter Gray, live on the ABC Television program Q&A while Howard was defending his decision to commit Australian troops to the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
- November: During a Paramore concert at The O2 in Dublin, Ireland, someone threw a shoe at Paramore's lead singer Hayley Williams.
- 4 November: Former Prime Minister of Australia John Howard was delivering a speech about leadership in the 21st century at Cambridge University when an Australian student called him a racist before taking off his boot and throwing it in his direction.
- 6 February: A man threw a shoe at Pervez Musharraf, the former President of Pakistan, while Musharraf was addressing a Pakistani origin gathering at Walthamstow, London. The man threw the shoe to protest against the U.S. detention of Pakistani citizens.
- 10 February: During the 2011 Egyptian revolution, Hosni Mubarak announced that he would not be stepping down from his position as President of Egypt. Crowds gathered in Cairo's Tahrir Square and waved their shoes in protest.
- 20 February: When Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the son of Muammar Gaddafi, appeared on Libyan state television, protesters threw their shoes at the projection of the broadcast.
- 26 April: While arrested former chairman of the 2010 Commonwealth Games Organising Committee Suresh Kalmadi was being led into court, Kapil Thakur from Madhya Pradesh threw a slipper at him, which missed Kalmadi.
- 19 May: Fang Binxing, the Principal of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (also known as "Father of China's Great Fire Wall") was hit on the chest by a shoe thrown at him by a Huazhong University of Science and Technology student who calls herself "hanunyi" (Chinese:寒君依, or 小湖北) while Fang was giving a lecture at Wuhan University. According to RFI, the student discussed the planned shoe attack on Twitter and, with the help of other bloggers, was able to locate the exact whereabouts and the time of Fang's lecture. After the shoeing, "Hanunyi" walked out while other students tried to obstruct school teachers who were going to detain her. "Hanunyi" became an instant internet hero of the Chinese blogosphere. During an interview with CNN, "Hanunyi" said, "I'm not happy about what (Fang) does. His work made me spend unnecessary money to get access to the website that is supposed to be free... He makes my online surfing very inconvenient."
- 6 June: Congress spokesperson Janardhan Dwivedi was targeted at a press conference by a man who tried to throw a shoe at him. It was reaction after Delhi Police ordered dismantle act against Yoga Teacher Baba Ramdev's Protest against Corruption.[clarification needed] The attacker, Sunil Kumar, posed as a journalist working with Nav Sanchar Patrika of Rajasthan.
- 18 October: RTI activist, member of India Against Corruption, and leader of Aam Aadmi Party Arvind Kejriwal was targeted in Lucknow, India, when Jitendra Pathak threw a shoe at him but missed. It was one week after another member of IAC and senior Supreme Court of India Lawyer Prashant Bhushan was assaulted in his chamber at the Supreme Court.
- 12 December: 45-year-old textile worker identified as S. Rashid hurled his shoes at Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in protest for not having received unemployment benefits. Rashid missed, instead striking a banner behind the president. Rashid was jailed before for throwing eggs and tomatoes at former president Mohammad Khatami.
- 7 January: Numerous German protesters, unhappy with President Christian Wulff's behaviour in a private loan scandal, waved the soles of their shoes at his official residence, calling for him to resign.
- 23 January: A shoe was thrown at Congress General Secretary and Amethi MP Rahul Gandhi during an election rally in Dehradun, India. One person was detained for throwing the shoe. "If some people think that throwing a shoe will deter me and force me to run away, then they are mistaken. Rahul Gandhi will not run away," Gandhi said.
- 11 May: In Oslo, Norway, an Iraqi man threw a shoe at Anders Behring Breivik during Breivik's trial for mass murder. The man shouted in English, "You killed my brother! Go to hell!" The man throwing the shoe was the brother of one of Breivik's victims on Utøya. The shoe did not hit Breivik, but hit instead Vibeke Hein Bæra, one of Breivik's lawyers. Some onlookers cheered and applauded the shoe-throwing. The trial was temporarily suspended following the incident.
- July 15: in Alexandria, Egypt, during an official visit to Egypt, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's motorcade was pelted with shoes and tomatoes by protesters chanting "Monica, Monica", a reference to the Monica Lewinsky scandal involving her husband, former President Bill Clinton.
- 10 December: in Xindian, New Taipei, Taiwan, some protesters threw various items, including a shoe, toward President Ma Ying-jeou during an activity related to Human Rights Day, but Ma was not hit by the shoe.
- February: An Iraqi man threw shoes at the former US diplomat Paul Bremer who served as civil governor of Iraq following the 2003 US invasion of the country. The incident happened at a meeting in the British Parliament.
- 6 February: in Cairo, Egypt, an Egyptian man threw a shoe at Mahmoud Ahmadinejad but missed.
- 26 February: A shoe was thrown at Harry Styles of One Direction during the Glasgow leg of their Take Me Home Tour on 26 February 2013. The shoe hit him in the groin, and the singer was seen bending over in pain before falling to the ground.
- 29 March: Tajammul Lodhi, a Karachi lawyer, threw his shoe at Pervez Musharraf while Musharraf was leaving Sindh High Court after obtaining an extension of his pre-arrest bail in a series of cases. Lodhi later said in an interview that he had thrown the shoe because he hated Musharraf for trying to destroy democracy in Pakistan. Musharraf was hit on the nose.
- 8 September: In Taipei, Taiwan, some protesters gathered in front of the Office of the President and threw shoes toward President of the Republic of China Ma Ying-jeou, but he was not hit by these shoes. This was one of the first occurrences of which Ma had shoes thrown at him during public appearances. This became such a problem that various police departments in Taiwan spent NT$482,890 (US$16,000) to purchase 149 anti-shoeing nets.
- 18 September: A shoe was thrown at Liu Cheng-hung, then-Magistrate of Miaoli County, Taiwan, when he attempted to offer his condolences to the family of a man found dead in a water channel under a bridge at Dapu, Zhunan, Miaoli County. Supporters and relatives of the drowned man held Liu responsible for the man's death because the man's pharmacy was one of several structures destroyed by the Miaoli government earlier that July to make way for the construction of a new campus at the Hsinchu Science Park. The shoe, which was owned by protester Chen Wei-Ting, hit Liu in the head.
- 26 September: In Yunlin County, Taiwan, some protesters threw shoes at President Ma Ying-jeou during a student forum at National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, but he was not hit by these shoes.
- 29 September: In Taipei City, Taiwan, some protesters gathered in front of the Office of the President and threw shoes at President Ma Ying-jeou, but he was not hit by these shoes.
- 10 October: In Taipei City, Taiwan, some protesters gathered in front of Office of the President and threw shoes, toward President Ma Ying-jeou during an activity related to Taiwan National Day, but he was not hit by these shoes.
- 12 October: In Chiayi County, Taiwan, some protesters threw shoes at President Ma Ying-jeou's convoy during the Mayoral Forum of Kuomintang. The police tried to avoid conflict between protesters and the convoy by implementing a one-story-high shoes-catching net. Several shoes thrown by protesters were caught by the special net; Ma Ying-jeou was not hit.
- 19 October: In Keelung, Taiwan, some protesters threw shoes at President Ma Ying-jeou during an activity related to anniversary of the founding of National Taiwan Ocean University, but he was not hit by these shoes.
- 19 October: In Taipei City, Taiwan, a protester threw a shoe at President Ma Ying-jeou during the opening ceremony of the 2013 National Games, but he was not hit by the shoe.
- 20 October: In Taipei City, Taiwan, some protesters threw shoes at President Ma Ying-jeou during the Taipei Hakka Yimin Festival, but he was not hit by these shoes.
- 10 November: In Wuqi District, Taichung, Taiwan, protesters threw shoes at Ma Ying-Jeou’s convoy when passing by while Ma attended the Kuomintang's (KMT) 19th National Congress meeting. Ma was not hit by these shoes due to heavy police security implementations. Containers with urine and fireworks were also used in the protests.
- 10 April: In Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, a female protestor threw a shoe at Hillary Clinton during a scrap metal recycling conference. She was not hit by the shoe and subsequently joked about it.
- 19 April: In Lahti, Finland, the supporters of FC Lahti waved their shoes during a football match against HJK Helsinki in disrespect of the HJK team and supporters. Before the game, local police stopped a fight between 40 supporters from Lahti and Helsinki.
- 4 August: In Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, following an "Ultimate Media Day" at MGM Grand Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas for UFC 178, UFC light heavyweight champion (at the time) Jon Jones and upcoming challenger Daniel Cormier got into a scuffle on stage, after which Cormier threw a shoe at Jones.
- 15 August: In Issru, Ludhiana, India, An unemployed youth Vikram Singh threw his shoe allegedly towards Chief Minister of Punjab Parkash Singh Badal while he was on the dais during a political conference.
- 12 October: Ronnie Price threw his shoe at Andre Iguodala during a Warriors-Lakers game.
- 5 January: In Patna, India, a man threw a shoe at the Chief Minister of Bihar, Jitan Ram Manjhi.
- 28 January: Atlético Madrid player Arda Turan threw his shoe at the linesman in a Copa del Rey game against FC Barcelona.
- 21 March: Marta Jandová threw off her shoe in the middle of her song performance, representing the Czech Republic at the Eurovision Song Contest 2015 in Vienna.
- 14 June: David Sprigg threw his shoes at Australian Immigration Minister Peter Dutton in Brisbane, later saying, "I think he should be ashamed for what his government is doing and how asylum seekers are being treated in detention centres. When they use language like 'queue jumpers' and 'illegal arrivals', I think they're really just turning the public against refugees."
- 4 November: At a seminar in Chennai on "The Future of Sri Lankan Tamil Refugees in India", a 35-year-old Sri Lankan Tamil later identified as Prabhakaran of Aranthangi in Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, hurled a slipper at India's former National Security Advisor M. K. Narayanan after Narayanan finished speaking. As police escorted Prabhakaran from the room, he stated that Narayanan was responsible for the massacre of thousands of Tamils in Sri Lanka.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shoe throwing (protest).|
- "Shoes thrown at Bush on Iraq trip". Middle East (BBC News). 14 December 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2008.
- Arab culture: the insult of the shoe, The Telegraph, 15 December 2008.
- Bush shoe-ing worst Arab insult, BBC, 16 December 2008.
-  Archived 5 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- The shoe heard round the world, Matthew Cassel, Arab-American News.com, 20 December 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2008.
- "Arbab Ghulam Rahim manhandled". Pakistan (Karachi: Paktribune). 8 April 2008. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
- Donohue, Pete (17 December 2008). "This Shoe's for you, MTA! Protestor at board meeting inspired by Iraqi who threw shoes at Bush". NY Local (New York Daily News). Retrieved 22 December 2008.
- Fitzgerald, Tom (17 December 2008). "White House Protestors Throw Shoes at Bush Effigy". WTTG. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- "Antiwar protesters will be hurling shoes". The Chronicle Herald. 19 December 2008. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 23 December 2008.
- "Zakaria: Shoe-throwing incident shows good, bad of Iraq war". CNN. 19 December 2008. Retrieved 23 December 2008.
- "Protesters wave shoes at US Embassy in Ankara". The Jerusalem Post. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
- "Bush effigy pelted with shoes". Reuters. 24 December 2008. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
- Anti-war protesters target U.S. consulate. Ctv.ca (20 December 2008). Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Shimo, Alex (25 February 2009). "My Manolos have something to say". Macleans. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
- "Another shoe-throwing journalist surfaces". PressTV. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
- "Shoe-Bombers Strike Washington". Wired. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
- Ben Macintyre; Nico Hines (2 February 2009). "Protester throws shoe at Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao". UK News (United Kingdom: Times Online). Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- "Officials name suspect in Wen shoe case". Agence France-Presse. 8 February 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
- BBC News UK (2 February 2009). "Shoe hurled as Chinese PM speaks".
- "Protester throws shoe at China's premier". Europe (CNN.com). 3 February 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- Reuters UK (9 February 2009). "China's Wen urges leniency for Cambridge shoe thrower".
- Daily Mail Reporter (2 June 2009). "Cambridge student who threw shoe at Chinese premier Wen Jiabao is cleared". Mail online. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
- BBC News UK (2 June 2009). "Shoe thrower cleared of offence".
- Hoff, Henning: Cambridge Shoe Thrower Is Cleared, Time Magazine
- Jerusalem Post Ambassador to Sweden gets 'the shoe', 5 February 2009
- Robert Tait (15.58 GMT, 6 March 2009). "Shoe reportedly thrown at Iranian president Ahmadinejad". Iran (London: The Guardian). Retrieved 3 June 2009. Check date values in:
- "Protests greet Bush's first speech as ex-president". Reuters (Reuters). 17 March 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2009.
- "How to shoe a neta away? Just aim and shoot". CNN-IBN. India. Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- Katherine Griffiths (28 April 2009). "Shareholders throw shoes at Fortis meeting". The Daily Telegraph (United Kingdom). Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- "Shoes thrown at Fortis chairman". BBC News (United Kingdom). 28 April 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- Shoe hurled at Advani in MP. NDTV.[dead link]
- The Times of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Star Of Mysore Online". Starofmysore.com. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Scribe lobs shoe at Chidambaram[dead link]
- Shoe thrower let off without charges. Newspostonline.com. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Sikh bodies to give Rs. 2-lakh reward to shoe-thrower. Hindu.com (7 April 2009). Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Congress drops Jagdish Tytler, Sajjan Kumar. Hindu.com (9 April 2009). Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Milind Ghatwai (16 April 2009). "Another shoe, this time aimed at Advani". Express India. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Shoe thrown at Prime Minister in Modi Land. NDTV. Retrieved 26 April 2009.
- Student Throws Shoe At IMF Chief In Istanbul Protest. The New York Times. 1 October 2009.
- Protester throws shoe at IMF director in Istanbul. The Times of India. 1 October 2009.
- Shoe thrower targets IMF chief in Istanbul. CNN. 1 October 2009.
- Google News Clashes as Iran opposition leader visits exhibition, 23 October 2009
- Lowen, Mark (26 November 2009). "Serbian MP in parliament shoe-throwing incident". BBC News. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- "Student throws shoe at former Australian PM John Howard". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2009-11-04.
- Hardach, Sophie (1 December 2009). "Fellow Iraqi turns tables on Bush shoe-thrower". Reuters.
- "Iraq shoe thrower Zaidi faces Paris shoe-ing". BBC News. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
- "Iraqi Shoe Thrower Gets Taste of Own Medicine". Fox News. 2009-12-02. Retrieved 2009-12-02. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "CoycatShoeing" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Iraq shoe-thrower under shoe attack – Europe". Al Jazeera English. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Sudan shoe-thrower 'targets President Omar al-Bashir'". BBC News. 25 January 2010.
- "Man hurls shoe at Sudan President Beshir". AFP. 25 January 2010.
- "Man throws shoe at Sudanese president: witnesses". Reuters South Africa. 25 January 2010.
- Heller, Aron (27 January 2010). "Dorit Beinisch: Attacker Hits Israeli Chief Justice With Sneaker In Face, Breaks Glasses". The Huffington Post.
- Ze'ev Segal (28 January 2010). "Incitement against High Court led to Beinisch shoe incident". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
- "Armenia News". NEWS.am. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Başbakan Tayyip Erdoğan'a İspanyada Ayakkabı Fırlattılar". YouTube. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- The Standard HK. "The Standard.com." Assault rap aimed at shoe thrower. Retrieved on 7 March 2010.
- South China Morning Post. "SCMP." Shoes thrown at Tang at youth summit. Retrieved on 7 March 2010.
- Christina Savvas (8 August 2010). "Man throws shoe at Pakistan president Asif Zardari in Birmingham". Sunday Mercury. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Shameem Khan, Zardari Shoe Thrower is Hero or Zero? Discuss". . 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2010-08-07. External link in
- Shujaat Bukhari (15 August 2010). "News / National : Breach of security in Srinagar". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- IANS, 15 August 2010, 11.42am IST (15 August 2010). "Shoe hurled at J&K CM Omar Abdullah at I-Day function – India – The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Four men arrested after shoes and eggs are thrown at Tony Blair at book signing. Telegraph.
- Tony Blair pelted with eggs and shoes at book signing. Guardian.
- "Four arrested as eggs thrown at Tony Blair". BBC News. 2010-09-05.
- Παπούτσι κατά του Γ. Παπανδρέου. Tvxs.gr.
- "Greek unions protest against PM's austerity plans". BBC News. 2010-09-11.
- "Protester throws shoe at Greek PM". BBC News. 2010-09-14.
- Man arrested for throwing shoe at Greece's prime minister CNN
- Shoe is thrown at Hayley while singing CrushCrushCrush By Paramore Live. YouTube. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Student throws shoe at former Australian PM John Howard". The Telegraph. 4 November 2009.
- Man hurls shoe at Musharraf in London. Rediff.com (7 February 2011). Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Man throws shoe at Pervez Musharraf. Economictimes.indiatimes.com (7 February 2011). Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Defiant Mubarak refuses to resign – Middle East. Al Jazeera English (11 February 2011). Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Protesters wave shoes in dismay at Mubarak speech – Israel News, Ynetnews. Ynetnews.com (20 June 1995). Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "CWG scam: Suresh Kalmadi arrives in court to shoe welcome". The Indian Express. Express News Service. 26 April 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "'Father' of China's Great Firewall Shouted Off Own Microblog – China Real Time Report – WSJ". Wall Street Journal. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2010.
- "防火墙之父"北邮校长方滨兴微博遭网民"围攻" (in Chinese). Yunnan Information Times. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "China's Great Firewall designer 'hit by shoe". BBC. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- "GFW之父武汉大学演讲遭遇学生扔鞋抗议" (in Chinese). RTI. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- "Designer of Chinese web controls hit by shoe". Associated Press. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.[dead link]
- "Chinese Student Takes Aim, Literally, at Internet Regulator". Nytimes. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- 微博热点：方滨兴武汉大学遇"扔鞋"抗议？. Yunnan Information Times (in Chinese). 19 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Shoe attack on China web censor sparks online buzz(AFP)". AFP. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Chinese student says he hurled shoe at Web regulator, sparks Web buzz". CNN. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
- "Man tried to throw slipper at Janardhan Dwivedi". NDTV. 7 January 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Shoe hurled at Arvind Kejriwal in Lucknow, attacker arrested". The Times of India. 18 October 2011.
- CNN News Iranian president targeted by shoe thrower, 12 December 2011
- "Protesters cry 'Wulff must go!'". Deutsche Welle. 7 January 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- Dhoundial, Shreya (23 January 2012). "Shoe thrown at Rahul Gandhi during a rally in Dehradun". IBNLive. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
- "Breivik trial: Shoe thrown at Norway mass killer". BBC. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- "Protesters In Egypt Pelt Hillary Clinton's Motorcade With Tomatoes". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Jingmei Human Rights Park, in which the activity was held, is in Xindian instead of Jingmei, Wenshan District, Taipei. "Google Maps Showing the location of the park". Google Inc. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
- "台總統馬英九人權日遭扔鞋抗議". BBC. 2012-12-10. Retrieved 2012-12-11. (Chinese (Taiwan))
- "Video: Iraqi man hurls shoes at former US diplomat Paul Bremer". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- World News (27 March 2015). "Protester hurls shoes at Paul Bremer, former US envoy to Iraq". NBC News. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Adam Makary, for CNN (6 February 2013). "Shoes hurled at Iranian President Ahmadinejad during trip to Cairo". CNN. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Harry Styles Floored After Shoe Thrown By Fan". Sky News. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Tajammul Lodhi wanted to ‘placate’ mother by hurling shoe at Musharraf". Pakistan (Karachi: ZeeNews). 29 March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- 台灣公民街頭遊行“威鞋(脅)”馬英九, 美國之音, 2013-10-1
- 908台灣國升旗大會，丟鞋行動。. YouTube. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 防「威鞋」 全國縣市警50萬買網－民視新聞. YouTube. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 突襲！遭鞋K頭 劉政鴻探張家掛彩. YouTube. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 怒吼下台! 馬英九南下遭圍堵丟鞋. YouTube. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 中天新聞》丟鞋嗆馬 千名黑衫軍集結國父紀念館. YouTube. 29 September 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- YouTube. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 【2013.10.12】馬參加首長會議 民眾丟鞋抗議 -udn tv. YouTube. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- [東森新聞]馬英九南下嘉義 遭民眾丟鞋嗆聲. YouTube. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 議員嗆馬丟鞋踩校徽 觸怒海大生(民視新聞). YouTube. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 出席全運會開幕 馬英九致詞遭丟鞋 壹電視 2013 10 19. YouTube. 19 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- 又見"讓鞋子飛"! 婦背嬰扔紅鞋險K馬. YouTube. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- LAURA MYERS LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL. "Shoe misses Hillary as she speaks at recycling conference in Las Vegas". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Raw:Shoe Thrown at Hillary Clinton During Speech. YouTube. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "FC Lahden ja HJK:n fanit tappelivat". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Did Jon Jones Just Get Inside Cormier's Head?". Fightland. Retrieved 2014-08-06.
- "Angry youth throws shoe towards Punjab CM Parkash Badal". Firstpost. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Samer Kalaf. "Ronnie Price Loses Shoe, Turns Over Ball, Throws Shoe, Gets Technical". Deadspin. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Manish Kumar, Alok Pandey (5 January 2015). "Shoe Thrown at Bihar Chief Minister at Public Meeting, Man Detained". NDTV.com. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Ryan Rosenblatt. "Arda Turan threw his shoe at the ref and didn't get sent off". SBNation.com. Vox Media. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "LIVE: Second Semi-Final live from Vienna!". Retrieved 21 May 2015.
- A Selvaraj (4 November 2015). "Man hurls footwear at former national security adviser M K Narayanan in Chennai". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- Vaishnavi Vaishu (5 November 2015). "Aranthangi Prabhakaran Interview". cmust.com. Retrieved 6 November 2015.