|• ISO 259||Šohm|
|• Type||Local council (from 1993)|
|• Head of Municipality||Gil Livneh|
|• Total||5,889 dunams (5.889 km2 or 2.274 sq mi)|
Shoham (Hebrew: שֹׁהַם, lit. onyx) is a town (local council) in the Central District of Israel. Like Nofekh, Bareket and Ahlama (the former name of Beit Arif) nearby, the name relates to one of the 12 stones in the Hoshen, the sacred breastplate worn by a Jewish high priest (Exodus 28:20). In 2016 it had a population of 20,740. Its jurisdiction is 5,889 dunams (~5.9 km2).
A plan to establish a town in the area that is now Shoham was first proposed in the 1960s, when an idea to establish a town for immigrants from South America was suggested in 1965. This neve came to fruition. However, residents of nearby moshavim wanted to build a rural community for the adult children of farmers in cooperative settlements. In the early 1990s, Israeli Housing Minister Ariel Sharon put forward a new plan to create a town in the area. Construction began in 1993, when the first 300 homes were built. From then on, the town grew rapidly, and by 2014, had reached a population of 20,000.
Mayors of Shoham:
- Dov Shayish, 1993–1998 (appointed)
- Shachar Ben Ami, 1998–2003
- Gil Livneh, 2003–present
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- Bitan, Hanna: 1948-1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jerusalem 1999, Carta, p. 66, ISBN 965-220-423-4 (Hebrew)
- "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Shoham" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- דו"ח הזכאים לבגרויות: שוהם במקום הראשון, בני ברק בתחתית [Report matriculation graduates: Shoham in first place, Bnei Brak last]. Haaretz (in Hebrew). 24 June 2010.
- Official website (in Hebrew)
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