Shooting (association football)
Types of shots
Depending on the part of the body and foot used
- Standard shot
To perform a standard shot, player comes at the ball at a slight angle and kicks the ball with the area around the knuckle of his big toe.
- Straight shot / Instep drive
To do a straight kick, player comes at the ball straight then kicks it with the laces of his foot (ankle is locked). The straight shot is easier to keep low than standard shot since it’s hard to follow through with the kicking leg high in the air. The shot is powerful but less accurate.
- Inside shot
To perform an inside shot, player moves his hip outside and back then kicks the ball with the middle of the inside of his foot.
- Outside shot
To do an outside shot, the ball is sliced with the outside of the foot.
- Toe shot / Toe punt
To do a toe shot, player sticks his leg forwards and kicks the ball with his toe. Leg is not moved back to build momentum like when performing every other type of soccer shot. Used with less frequency, and also known as the "toe poke", it is a quick strike which requires little motion, it is often utilized to fool or surprise opponents who would normally not expect this type of shot, such as when Ronaldo used it to score Brazil's decisive goal in the semi-final of the 2002 World Cup against Turkey.
- Heel shot
- Head shot
- Players also sometimes use chest or back to transfer (pass) the ball to a teammate or as part of a dribbling motion. Examples are Ronaldinho and Cristiano Ronaldo.
Depending on the ball movement
This types of shots are most usually used in free kicks, corner kicks and shots on goal.
- Bending shot / Swerve shot / Curl
Sometimes mistakenly called curve. Any of part of the foot can be used to do a bending shot. Using the inside or outside of the foot produces the most bend. To do a bending shot, player kicks the sides of the ball at an angle. If he uses the inside of the foot, he wraps his leg around the ball and follows through to the outside of his body. If he is using the area around the knuckle of his big toe or the outside of the foot he follows through across his body. Is usually but not exclusively used in free kicks. The ball bends or swerves in such a way that it beats the keeper, the only drawback is that it lacks great power.
- Side curle
- If it is curved with outside of the foot it is called Outside Bend (or Banana if the bend is pronounced enough) and the technique is called trivela.
- Straight curle (Dip or Dipping shot)
The top spin technique of putting straight curl on a ball is known as a dip.
- Knuckleball / Dry leaf
A freekick or shot from distance that has no spin and has erratic movement, Didi, Juninho Pernambucano, Roberto Carlos, Andrea Pirlo, Cristiano Ronaldo and Gareth Bale are known for using this technique.
- Driven shot / Power shot
Not a special type of shot but a result of different shots. It is reflected in a sudden drop or dip of the ball. It can be a result of a knuckleball shot or a straight curle. In the case of the latter it is called top spin deadball or dipping deadball. Not every knuckleball shot is a deadball.
Special (Trick) shots
- Chip shot / Lob / Drop shot
This shot focuses on getting the ball to a certain amount of vertical height, where the goalkeeper can't reach it and then have it come back down again into goal, it takes a certain amount of technique and precision to do and players such as Raúl González, Cristiano Ronaldo, Roberto Baggio, Romário, Francesco Totti, and Alessandro Del Piero have made it trademark moves.
When the heel is used to volley the ball over the player's head (from back to front).
- Bicycle kick / Scissors kick / Overhead kick
- Scorpion kick / Reverse bicycle kick
- Rainbow kick / Lambreta / Coup du Sombrero
Most usually used as a dribbling move, but it can be used to pass the ball a very short distance.
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