The men's moving target small-bore rifle was one of 15 events on the Shooting at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme. Regulation of the equipment used in the event was done through allowing the use of .22 or .297/.230 caliber ammunition. The target used was a three-quarter length silhouette, 4 inches high and 1.5 wide. It would appear at a distance of 25 yards, moving across a 10-foot range over the course of 4 seconds. A hit on the upper two-thirds of the figure counted for 3 points, while any other hit counted for 1. 15 shots were fired per competitor. The maximum score was thus 45 points.