Shooting at the Summer Olympics

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For the shootout at the 1972 Summer Olympics, see Munich massacre.
Shooting at the Summer Olympics
Shooting pictogram.svg
Governing body ISSF
Events 15 (men: 9; women: 6)
Games

Shooting sports have been included at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics except at the 1904 & 1928 editions.

Men's[edit]

Men's Shooting was one of the nine events at the first modern Olympic Games in Athens, in 1896. In the Paris Games in 1900, live pigeons were used as moving targets. After the 1900 games, the pigeons were replaced with clay targets. In 1907, the International Shooting Sport Federation came into existence and brought some standardizations to the sport.

When shooting was reintroduced in 1932, it consisted of only two events. From this, the number of events have increased steadily until reaching the 2000–2004 maximum of seventeen events. The 2008 games had only fifteen. Events marked as "Men's" were actually open events from 1968 until 1980 (and in shotgun events until 1992). Two women won medals in such mixed events: Margaret Murdock, silver in Rifle 3 positions (1976) and Zhang Shan, gold in Skeet (1992).

Events on the current program are listed at the top.


Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
air pistol X X X X X X X X 8
air rifle X X X X X X X X X 9
double trap X X X X X X 6
pistol X X X
[1]
X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 24
rapid fire pistol X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 25
rifle prone X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
rifle three positions X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 17
skeet X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
trap X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 22
Past events
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
25 metre military pistol X 1
30 metre military pistol, team X X 2
200 metre military rifle X 1
300 metre military rifle; prone, individual X 1
300 metre military rifle; prone, team X 1
300 metre military rifle; standing, individual X 1
300 metre military rifle; standing, team X 1
300 metre military rifle, three positions X 1
600 metre military rifle; prone, individual X 1
600 metre military rifle; prone, team X 1
300 and 600 metre military rifle; prone, team X 1
25 metre rifle, individual X 1
25 metre rifle, team X 1
50 metre rifle, team X X 2
disappearing target small-bore rifle X 1
moving target small-bore rifle X 1
stationary target small-bore rifle X 1
300 metre rifle kneeling X 1
300 metre rifle prone X 1
300 metre rifle standing X 1
300 metre rifle three positions X X X X X X X X X X 12
300 metre rifle, team X X X X 4
600 metre rifle X X 2
1000 yard rifle, prone X 1
100 metre running deer; single shot, individual X X X X 4
100 metre running deer; double shot, individual X X X X 4
100 metre running deer; single shots, team X X X X 4
100 metre running deer; double shots, team X X 2
100 metre running deer; single/double shots X X 2
10 metre running target X X X X 4
50 metre running target X X X X X 5
50 metre pistol, team X X
[1]
X X 4
trap, team X X X X 4
Events 5 9 15 18 21 10 2 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 9 9 10 10 10 9 9 9
  • a b 50 yards.

Women's[edit]

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
air pistol X X X X X X X X 8
air rifle X X X X X X X X X 9
double trap X X X 3
pistol X X X X X X X X X 9
rifle three positions X X X X X X X X X 9
skeet X X X X X 5
trap X X X X X 5
Events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 4 5 7 7 6 6 6

Nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
 Albania (ALB)     4 2 2 1 1 1 6
 Algeria (ALG)     1 1
 Andorra (AND)     2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 8
 Angola (ANG)     1 1 2
 Argentina (ARG)   8   2 5 12 7 4 7 8 4 5 6 6 3 2 6 4 3 1 2 19
 Armenia (ARM)     1 1 1 1 1 5
 Australasia (ANZ)   1   1
 Australia (AUS)     6 12 7 8 3 4 6 2 9 12 7 16 23 21 17 17 16
 Austria (AUT)   7 6   3 3 3 5 3 5 7 8 8 10 11 5 3 4 5 3 4 19
 Azerbaijan (AZE)     2 2 2 1 1 5
 Bahrain (BRN)     4 1 1 1 4
 Bangladesh (BAN)     1 1 1 1 1 1 6
 Barbados (BAR)     1 2 1 1 1 1 6
 Belarus (BLR)     10 12 9 8 9 5
 Belgium (BEL) 11   10 24 14   3 3 4 2 3 1 3 6 5 3 6 6 4 4 1 1 1 21
 Belize (BIZ)     2 1 2 3
 Bhutan (BHU)     1 1
 Bolivia (BOL)     2 6 1 4 1 1 1 1 8
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)     1 1 2 1 1 1 6
 Brazil (BRA)   5 1   6 4 7 8 4 3 2 4 8 5 8 4 2 1 1 2 2 19
 British West Indies (BWI)     2 1
 Brunei (BRU)     1 1 2
 Bulgaria (BUL)     1 6 5 4 6 5 7 11 6 13 9 6 3 4 4 15
 Canada (CAN)   22 3 7 6   4 5 7 6 10 10 11 17 13 12 9 9 2 4 2 19
 Chile (CHI)   2   3 4 2 3 2 3 4 2 3 4 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 18
 China (CHN)     17 20 20 24 21 26 24 23 8
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)     1 3 6 8 1 3 3 2 2 1 2 1 3 13
 Colombia (COL)     3 3 1 10 3 14 3 2 2 3 3 1 1 13
 Costa Rica (CRC)     5 1 1 6 3 1 1 1 8
 Croatia (CRO)     4 4 2 1 4 5 6
 Cuba (CUB)     7 2 8 8 4 5 5 3 6 8 3 4 12
 Czech Republic (CZE)     17 9 8 13 10 5
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)   8 18   7 6 4 9 4 8 8 10 11 14 17 13
 Cyprus (CYP)     4 1 2 3 3 2 3 3 8
 Denmark (DEN) 3 5   10 14 15 7   6 7 5 2 4 2 6 7 7 4 3 6 7 8 4 5 1 5 24
 Dominican Republic (DOM)     3 2 1 1 1 5
 East Germany (GDR)     9 9 11 13 15 5
 Ecuador (ECU)     4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
 Egypt (EGY)   1   1 6 6 2 9 2 5 2 8 5 9 7 13
 El Salvador (ESA)     8 4 1 1 1 1 1 7
 Estonia (EST)     3 2 1 1 1 1 6
 Fiji (FIJ)     1 1 1 3
 Finland (FIN)   9 19 9 15   8 12 11 4 8 8 9 10 4 9 10 9 8 6 7 6 8 4 22
 France (FRA) 1 33   20 19 17 22   8 12 9 5 7 4 8 13 10 15 19 17 13 12 8 13 14 23
 Georgia (GEO)     3 2 1 1 1 5
 Germany (GER)   1 11   1 9 6 18 22 20 20 18 17 11
 Great Britain (GBR) 2 1   67 38 7 22   12 12 6 10 8 10 14 13 18 8 7 5 6 6 5 11 22
 Greece (GRE) 50   7 9 9 7   8 7 6 2 7 4 7 5 4 3 5 2 3 3 2 11 1 3 23
 Guatemala (GUA)     3 9 1 5 5 4 1 3 4 3 1 1 2 13
 Haiti (HAI)   5   1
 Honduras (HON)     1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG)     3 5 3 1 6 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13
 Hungary (HUN)   2 10 7   3 8 4 6 5 10 8 6 9 7 14 15 18 10 7 8 5 3 21
 Iceland (ISL)     1 1 1 3
 India (IND)     2 2 3 2 2 4 3 4 8 1 2 2 3 8 9 11 16
 Individual Olympic Athletes (IOA)     8 1
 Indonesia (INA)     1 1 2 1 1 1 1 7
 Iran (IRI)     3 1 4 4 1 1 1 3 8
 Iraq (IRQ)     1 1 1 3
 Ireland (IRL)     3 4 1 4 2 3 3 1 1 1 10
 Israel (ISR)     4 2 3 4 2 1 3 2 3 3 2 2 3 1 14
 Italy (ITA) 1   10 14   6 9 6 8 5 9 5 7 11 13 10 12 13 13 15 15 13 15 15 22
 Jamaica (JAM)     1 1 2
 Japan (JPN)     1 6 8 10 6 6 11 15 14 11 9 9 9 5 4 15
 Jordan (JOR)     4 7 1 1 1 5
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)     5 6 4 6 3 5
 Kenya (KEN)     2 3 4 3 9 2 1 2 1 9
 Kuwait (KUW)     2 2 5 5 3 4 6
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)     2 2 1 1 1 5
 Laos (LAO)     6 1
 Latvia (LAT)     3 2 2 2 1 1 1 7
 Lebanon (LIB)     2 3 3 1 3 4 4 1 1 1 1 11
 Liechtenstein (LIE)     3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 9
 Lithuania (LTU)     1 1 1 1 1 5
 Luxembourg (LUX)     4 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 11
 Macedonia (MKD)     1 1 1 1 4
 Malaya (MAL)     3 2 2
 Malaysia (MAS)     7 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 11
 Malta (MLT)     2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
 Mexico (MEX)   2   5 5 9 4 3 6 5 11 10 6 2 8 3 1 1 1 1 4 4 20
 Moldova (MDA)     2 1 1 1 1 5
 Monaco (MON)   4   6 4 6 6 2 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
 Mongolia (MGL)     3 3 4 4 2 3 2 2 3 1 3 2 12
 Montenegro (MNE)     1 1 2
 Morocco (MAR)     4 1 2
 Myanmar (MYA)     2 1 1 3
 Namibia (NAM)     1 1 1 1 1 5
 Nepal (NEP)     1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
 Netherlands (NED) 7   17 1 15 11   4 4 1 3 2 4 4 5 4 2 3 3 1 18
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)     1 1 1 1 1 1 6
 New Zealand (NZL)     2 4 4 3 4 3 2 7 2 4 1 11
 Nicaragua (NCA)     1 1 1 1 1 5
 North Korea (PRK)     3 6 11 9 1 1 3 6 1 9
 Norway (NOR) 5   13 28 16 13   4 9 9 5 6 3 4 7 4 7 6 7 7 5 5 7 6 22
 Oman (OMA)     8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
 Pakistan (PAK)     1 2 4 4 1 1 1 1 8
 Panama (PAN)     1 1 2
 Papua New Guinea (PNG)     1 2 2
 Paraguay (PAR)     1 1 6 1 4
 Peru (PER)     1 9 8 10 9 5 2 7 7 3 2 3 2 1 1 1 16
 Philippines (PHI)     2 3 3 5 7 9 8 8 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 16
 Poland (POL)   7   6 2 2 7 6 11 13 12 12 6 12 10 5 5 6 4 17
 Portugal (POR)   5 8   4 6 5 4 9 4 5 1 5 2 4 4 3 2 2 2 17
 Puerto Rico (PUR)     2 5 3 4 3 9 8 8 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 16
 Qatar (QAT)     4 1 1 1 2 2 3 7
 Romania (ROU) 1   5   4 4 4 9 9 12 10 7 5 6 3 5 4 3 2 4 2 19
 Russia (RUS)     19 21 24 22 22 5
 Russian Empire (RU1)   26   1
 Saar (SAA)     2 1
 San Marino (SMR)     4 2 6 7 10 10 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 13
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)     6 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
 Senegal (SEN)     2 1
 Serbia (SRB)     5 8 2
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)     7 6 3 3
 Singapore (SIN)     1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10
 Slovakia (SVK)     3 3 3 7 7 5
 Slovenia (SLO)     1 1 3 1 1 3 6
 South Africa (RSA)   8 7 7   1 2 5 2 2 3 1 2 1 12
 South Korea (KOR)     2 3 10 2 5 5 18 22 12 14 8 16 14 13 14
 South Vietnam (VNM)     3 2 2
 Soviet Union (URS)     11 11 10 10 12 14 13 14 23 9
 Spain (ESP)   7 1   5 6 4 8 5 12 9 9 8 11 8 15 6 4 4 7 8 19
 Sri Lanka (SRI)     2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 9
 Sudan (SUD)     3 1
 Swaziland (SWZ)     1 1
 Sweden (SWE)   19 63 29 19   3 7 11 10 8 9 6 9 10 11 8 14 15 7 3 6 8 2 4 23
 Switzerland (SUI) 1 9   15 7   7 9 10 8 10 8 5 9 9 8 7 3 5 8 7 19
 Syria (SYR)     2 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
 Tajikistan (TJK)     1 1 1 3
 Thailand (THA)     6 10 11 10 12 17 3 2 3 2 2 5 4 13
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)     2 1 1 1 1 5
 Tunisia (TUN)     2 1 2
 Turkey (TUR)     3 4 3 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 5 11
 Turkmenistan (TKM)     1 1 1 1 4
 Ukraine (UKR)     9 6 11 12 8 5
 Unified Team (EUN)     22 1
 United Team of Germany (EUA)     2 10 10 3
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)     1 2 2 2 3 5
 United Arab Republic (UAR)     3 1
 United States (USA) 3   17 26 29 21   6 6 12 6 8 9 10 12 14 14 20 24 21 25 28 21 22 20 23
 Uruguay (URU)     3 1 1 1 1 5
 Uzbekistan (UZB)     1 3 2 2 1 5
 Venezuela (VEN)     7 9 6 4 5 2 2 5 2 1 1 1 12
 Vietnam (VIE)     7 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 8
 Virgin Islands (ISV)     6 4 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 9
 West Germany (FRG)     12 14 12 18 18 5
 Yugoslavia (YUG)     1 6 1 6 4 2 5 3 6 6 10
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)     1 2 8 3 2 1 6
No. of nations 7 8 0 14 16 18 27 0 10 29 28 41 37 59 51 62 71 60 38 68 66 83 100 103 106 103 108
No. of shooters 61 72 0 215 284 234 258 0 41 141 188 218 156 313 262 351 397 344 239 460 396 407 419 408 390 390 390 390

Medal table[edit]

Updated as of 2012 Olympics

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 53 29 25 107
2  China (CHN) 21 13 15 49
3  Soviet Union (URS) 17 15 17 49
4  Sweden (SWE) 15 23 18 56
5  Great Britain (GBR) 13 15 16 44
6  Norway (NOR) 13 8 11 32
7  Italy (ITA) 12 12 11 35
7  France (FRA) 12 12 11 35
8  Russia (RUS) 9 13 9 31
9  Germany (GER) 7 12 10 29
10  Hungary (HUN) 7 8 5 20
11  South Korea (KOR) 7 3 7 17
12  Switzerland (SUI) 6 7 1 14
13  Romania (ROM) 6 6 8 20
14  Unified Team (EUN) 6 4 5 15
16  Finland (FIN) 4 7 10 21
17  Bulgaria (BUL) 4 6 6 16
18  West Germany (FRG) 4 4 3 11
19  Poland (POL) 4 3 5 12
20  Canada (CAN) 4 3 2 9
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 3 2 9
22  Australia (AUS) 4 1 5 10
23  Ukraine (UKR) 4 1 2 7
24  Denmark (DEN) 3 10 5 18
25  East Germany (GDR) 3 8 5 16
26  Greece (GRE) 3 4 3 10
27  Yugoslavia (YUG) 3 1 2 6
28  Czech Republic (CZE) 2 3 4 9
29  Belgium (BEL) 1 4 3 8
30  Austria (AUT) 1 2 5 8
31  Belarus (BLR) 1 2 4 7
32  Japan (JPN) 1 2 3 6
33  India (IND) 1 2 1 4
34  Peru (PER) 1 2 0 3
35  Brazil (BRA) 1 1 1 3
36  Cuba (CUB) 1 0 3 4
37  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 0 2 3
 Slovenia (SLO) 1 0 2 3
39  Croatia (CRO) 1 0 1 2
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 1 0 1 2
 North Korea (PRK) 1 0 1 2
42  Lithuania (LTU) 1 0 0 1
 United Arab Emirates (UAE) 1 0 0 1
44  Slovakia (SVK) 0 2 3 5
45  Spain (ESP) 0 2 1 3
 Kazakhstan (KAZ) 0 2 1 3
47  Colombia (COL) 0 2 0 2
48  Independent Olympic Participants (IOP) 0 1 2 3
49  Mongolia (MGL) 0 1 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 0 1 1 2
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 1 2
52  Argentina (ARG) 0 1 0 1
 Chile (CHI) 0 1 0 1
 Latvia (LAT) 0 1 0 1
 Moldova (MDA) 0 1 0 1
 Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
 Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
 South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) 0 1 0 1
60  Kuwait (KUW) 0 0 2 2
61  Georgia (GEO) 0 0 1 1
 Haiti (HAI) 0 0 1 1
 Qatar (QAT) 0 0 1 1
 New Zealand (NZL) 0 0 1 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1
Total 258 259 257 774

See also[edit]

References[edit]