Shopian district

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Shopian district
Shupyan
Jamia masjid shopian.jpg
Aliabad Sarai Mughal Road.jpg
Hirpora WLS Shopian Kashmir.jpg
From the top:
Historical Jamia Masjid in Shopian, Historical Aliabad Saria and Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°43′N 74°50′E / 33.72°N 74.83°E / 33.72; 74.83[1]
CountryIndia
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
HeadquartersShopian
Area
 • Total612.9 km2 (236.6 sq mi)
 • Rank537th in India & 17th in Jammu & Kashmir
Population
 (Census 2011)
 • Total266,215
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English[2][3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-22
Websitehttp://shopian.nic.in

Shopian (Urdu pronunciation: [ʃʊpɪjãː]), known as Shupyan[4] (Kashmiri pronunciation: [ʃupʲjan]) in Kashmiri, is a hill district with its administrative division in Shopian, located in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir,[5] since it is situated on the historical road commonly known as Mughal Road, most of its area is occupied by forests. Shopian district comes under the Pir Panjal Range which makes it very cold in winter.[6] After partition of India, it was a tehsil of Pulwama district. In March, 2007, the district status was granted by the Government of India.[7][8] The economy of the district depends on agriculture, particularly apple growing.[9]

Shopian district is called "the apple bowl of Kashmir".[10]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, the Shopian district has a population of 266,215.[11] This gives the Shopian district a ranking of 577th in India (out of a total of 640).[11] The district has a population density of 852 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,210/sq mi) .[11] Its population growth rate over the 2001–2011 decade was 25.85%.[11] Shopian has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1,000 males[11] (this varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 62.49%.[11]

Religion in Shopian district (2011)[12]
Religion Percent
Islam
98.52%
Hinduism
1.17%
Other or not stated
0.31%
Sex Ratio in Shopian District in 2011 Census.[12]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 262,263)
968
Hindu (pop 3,116)
122
Other (pop 836)
779
Total (pop 266,215)
951

Languages of Shopian district (2011)[13]

  Kashmiri (87.99%)
  Gojri (8.80%)
  Pahari (1.78%)
  Others (1.43%)
Shopian (Shupiyan) district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[12]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 3,116 262,263 429 178 6 1 6 216 266,215
1.17% 98.52% 0.16% 0.07% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.08% 100.00%
Male 2,777 133,233 229 100 2 1 3 135 136,480
Female 339 129,030 200 78 4 0 3 81 129,735
Gender ratio (% female) 10.9% 49.2% 46.6% 43.8% 66.7% 0.0% 50.0% 37.5% 48.7%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
122 968 951
Urban 2,146 14,060 67 56 2 0 0 29 16,360
Rural 970 248,203 362 122 4 1 6 187 249,855
% Urban 68.9% 5.4% 15.6% 31.5% 33.3% 0.0% 0.0% 13.4% 6.1%

At the time of the 2011 census, 87.99% of the population spoke Kashmiri, 8.80% Gojri and 1.78% Pahari as their first language.[13]

Education[edit]

In 1988, The Government of Jammu and Kashmir established a college namely Government Degree College, Shopian which provides higher education infrastructure to the people of Shopian district. The Government Polytechnic college was established recently in the Shopian town, which provides technical engineering diploma level education.

Some of the other notable educational institutions are:

Economy[edit]

The local economy depends on agriculture. Apple growing "provides employment to about 60% of the population and is the main source of livelihood of many households."[9] Apple growing is more profitable than other crops, partly because the hilly nature of the land makes it harder to cultivate other crops than apples.[9]

Healthcare[edit]

The district has a number of hospitals and healthcare facilities, some of which include its adjoining areas they are:[14]

  • Government District Hospital Shopian
  • Sub District Hospital Zainapora,
  • Sub District Hospital Keller
  • NTPHC Wachi
  • Primary Health centre Aglar
  • NTPHC Ramnagri
  • PHC Herman
  • PHC Pinjura
  • PHC DK Pora

Places of interest[edit]

Shopian district has many places with tourism potential: Arshi Pora Lahanthour, Sedow, Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary, Dubijan - 6 km (3.7 mi) from Heerpora Village; Peer Marg/Peer Gali - 20 km (12 mi) away from Heerpora on the historical Mughal Road; Lake Nandansar - 2 km (1.2 mi) away from the Peer Ki Gali; Hash Wang Bagam Pather, Sok Saray, and Mughal Saray at Jajinar. The Jamia Masjid in Shopian is one of the famous historical monuments built during the Mughal reign resembling that of jamia Masjid Srinagar. The Aasar-i-Sharief Dargah at Pinjura, attracts thousands of devotees on the occasion of Eid-i-Milad-un- Nabi and Shab-i-Mehraj. Darul Uloom Islamia Pinjura where large people gather to seek (spiritual and moral) knowledge and propagate to others.Another famous muslim seminary called Jamia Sirajul Uloom is situated at Imamsahib.

On the outskirts of Shopian town near Nagbal area, there is a Siva temple called Kapalmochan Mandir with three natural springs and a unique Shivling with small Rudraksh shaped knots spread all over it.

Transport[edit]

The major roads connecting Shopian with neighbouring districts are:

  • Shopian-Pulwama-Srinagar Road
  • Shopian-Anantnag Via Chitragam
  • shopian to Aglar via heff turkuwangam
  • Shopian -Anantnag via Kaider
  • Shopian Anantnag Via Kulgam khudwani Wanpoh khanabal
  • shopian to sangam via Aglar
  • Shopian-Rajouri-Poonch via Mughal Road
  • Shopian-Zawoora-Keller
  • Shopian-Sedow-Aharbal
  • Shopian-Hirpora
  • Shopian-Bijbehara via Malik Gund Imamsahib,
  • Shopian-Pinjoor
  • Shopian-Zainapora( Babapora)- Frisal- khudwani
  • Shopian-Zainapora( Babapora)- wachi - Sangam
  • Shopian to Kulgam Kachdoora, Sehpora Mohan Pora or Okay
  • Shopian to Reshnagri via Narwaw, Saidpora
  • Shopian to Nehama via Vehil Nowgam, Kanjiullar
  • Shopian to Ramnagri via Narwaw, Saidpora, Amshipora.
  • Shopian to Kangiullar via Ramnagri and Gadiporahir
  • Shopian to Kheer Bhawani at Mamzam via Ramnagri, Kanjiuller Nihama
  • Shopian to Aharbal via Ramnagri, Gadipora and Nihama
  • Shopian to Zawoora via Rambiara.
  • Shopian to Shadab Karewa Via Zowoora.
  • Shopian to Narapora, keller via Zawoora
  • Shopain to Aharbal via Saidow
  • Shopian Arshi pora road to link Via Herman Kadder Road
  • Shopian to Manzimpara via Kundalan.
  • Shopian to Anantnag via Manihall and Yaripora
  • Shopian to Toolihalan
  • Shopian to Aharbal via Ramnagri, Reshnagri, Bridge Completed in Last year.

.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Shupiyan
  2. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  4. ^ Kashir Encyclopedia (in Kashmiri). Vol. 2. Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Arts Culture and Languages. 1989. p. 151.
  5. ^ "Shupiyan District : Census 2011-2018 data". census2011.co.in. 2011 Census of India.
  6. ^ "J&Ks Shopian dist to get new tourism development authority". indiatoday.in. India Today.
  7. ^ "Granted district status 11 years ago, Shopian still craves for facilities". greaterkashmir.com. Greater Kashmir.
  8. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Shopian District" (PDF). dcmsme.gov.in. Development Commissioner Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises.
  9. ^ a b c Bhat, Tariq Ahmad (May 2014). "Economic of Apple Industry; A Primary Survey in District Shopian (Kashmir)" (PDF). Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research. 3 (5): 127–131. ISSN 2319-5614. Al
  10. ^ Ashiq, Peerzada (13 June 2020). "How did Shopian, Kashmir's apple bowl, turn into a battleground district?". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  12. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  13. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Health setup in District Shopian".

External links[edit]