Shoranur

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Dance and Music university
The iconic Mayilvahanam transport company runs many buses in Shornur
Karakkad village
Bus Shelter donated by S.N.caste


Shoranur
Town
Shoranur is located in Kerala
Shoranur
Shoranur
Shoranur is located in India
Shoranur
Shoranur
Coordinates: 10°46′N 76°17′E / 10.77°N 76.28°E / 10.77; 76.28Coordinates: 10°46′N 76°17′E / 10.77°N 76.28°E / 10.77; 76.28
Country India
State Kerala
District Palakkad
Government
 • Body Municipality
 • Chairperson V. Vimala
Area
 • Total 32.28 km2 (12.46 sq mi)
Elevation 49 m (161 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 43,533
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 679121
Telephone code 0466
Sex ratio 1000:1096 /
Website www.shornurmunicipality.in

Shoranur (Malayalam: ഷൊര്ണൂര്) is a town and a municipality located in the Palakkad district, in the Indian state of Kerala, located on the banks of the Bharathapuzha River.Shoranur junction Railway Station is the largest Railway Station In Kerala. It covers 32.28 km2.

Etymology

'Shornur' is named in revenue records as ‘Chiramannur/ Cheramannur’ and in railway records ‘Cherumannur’. Chiramannur was transformed into Shoranur. This name Chiramannur might have derived from the relation of this place to Bharathapuzha.[1]

Geography

Shoranur is located at 10°46′N 76°17′E / 10.77°N 76.28°E / 10.77; 76.28.[2] It has an average elevation of 49 metres (160 feet).

History

This place was originally part of the Valluvanad Swaroopam dynasty. [3]

Valluvanad was an erstwhile late medieval feudal state in present state of Kerala in South India extending from the Bharathapuzha River in the south to the Pandalur Mala in the north during their zenith in the early Middle Ages. On the west, it was bounded by the Arabian Sea at the port Ponnani and on the east by Attappadi Hills. According to local legends, the last Later Chera ruler gave a vast extension of land in South Malabar to one of their governors, Valluvakkonithiri and left for a hajj. The Valluvakkonithiri was also given last Later Chera ruler's shield (presumably to defend himself from the sword received by the Samoothiri (Zamorin) of Kozhikode, another governor, from the departing ruler). Not surprisingly, the Vellatiri rajas were hereditary enemies of the Samoothiri.[3] Valluvanad is famous for the Mamankam festivals, held once in 12 years and the endless wars against the Samoothiri of Kozhikode. By the late 18th century, Vellatiri or Walluwanad proper was the sole remaining territory of the Walluvanad raja (Valluva Konatiri), who once exercised suzerain rights over a large portion of Southern Malabar. Although management of the country was restored to the Vellatiri raja in 1792, it soon became evident that he was powerless to repress the trouble that quickly broke out between Mapillas (favored by the Mysorean occupiers) and nayars (who sought to restore the ancien régime), and already in 1793 management of the district had to be resumed as the chief and his family fled to Travancore.[3]

Politics

Shornur became a municipality in 1978 and is divided into 33 electoral wards. It is a part of Shornur Legislative Assembly Constituency and Palakkad Parliamentary Constituency.[4]

Educational institutions

Transportation

This town connects to other parts of India through Palakkad city. National Highway No.544 connects to Coimbatore and Bangalore. Other parts of Kerala is accessed through National Highway No.66 going through Thrissur. Calicut International Airport, Cochin International Airport and Coimbatore Airport are the nearest airports. Shoranur Junction railway station is the nearest major railway station.

See also

References