Shorncliffe Army Camp
|Shorncliffe Army Camp|
Shorncliffe Army Camp
Location within Kent
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
|Built for||War Office|
The camp was established in 1794 when the British Army bought over 229 acres of land at Shorncliffe; it was then extended in 1796 and 1806. It was at Shorncliffe that in 1803 Sir John Moore trained the Light Division which fought under the Duke of Wellington in the Napoleonic Wars.
Shorncliffe was used as a staging post for troops destined for the Western Front during World War I and in April 1915 a Canadian Training Division was formed there. The Canadian Army Medical Corps had general hospitals based at Shorncliffe from September 1917 to December 1918. The camp at that time composed five unit lines known as Ross Barracks, Somerset Barracks, Napier Barracks, Moore Barracks and Risborough Barracks. On three occasions there were German air raids which killed soldiers on the camp.
After the War the camp was known for a while as the Sir John Moore Barracks but the name was changed when The Light Infantry moved out in October 1986. Shorncliffe Camp was the home of 2 (South East) Brigade.
Shorncliffe Military Cemetery
- Private Patrick McHale (1826-1866), Royal Artillery, Indian Mutiny
- Sergeant Joseph Charles Brennan (1818-1872), 5th Regiment of Foot, Indian Mutiny
- Private John Doogan (1853-1940), King's Dragoon Guards, First Boer War
It contains more than 600 Commonwealth war graves from the World Wars. There are 471 from World War I, including more than 300 Canadians, and 6 members of the Chinese Labour Corps. There are buried 81 from World War II, including one unidentified British soldier and a Polish war grave. A screen wall memorial lists 18 Belgian soldiers who were originally buried in a now-demolished mausoleum.
- "Folkestone History". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Proposed Memorial at Shorncliffe Camp to Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Formation Of The 2nd And 3rd Divisions". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Royal Military Hospital, Shorncliffe Camp". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "Cemetery Record, Shorncliffe Military Cemetery". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- "Queen Mary Visits Shorncliffe Camp". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- "The history of the Light Infantry". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- "Dover ceremony marks army's 2 (South East) Brigade closure". Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- "Burial Locations of VC Holders in Kent". Retrieved 27 October 2014.
- The University of Hong Kong Libraries. "Stevens, K., "British Chinese Labour Corps labourers in England", in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, Vol. 29, 1989, p. 390" (PDF). Sunzi1.lib.hku.hk. Retrieved 2014-04-10.