Short Admiralty Type 74
|Admiralty Type 74|
|Role||Military reconnaissance biplane seaplane|
|First flight||4 January 1914|
|Primary user||Royal Navy|
|Developed from||Short Admiralty Type 42|
Design and development
The Type 74 incorporated some of the innovations Horace Short had introduced to the Short Admiralty Type 42, including manganese-steel tube struts instead of wood. In addition to the two main rubber-sprung floats below the fuselage and the single tail float, it also had smaller floats attached below the lower wingtips. Ailerons were mounted on the upper wing only, the latter extending beyond the span of the lower wing. The extensions were braced by diagonal struts to the lower wingtips.
In 1913 the Royal Navy ordered seven 100 hp biplane seaplanes from Shorts, which were assigned the company's serial numbers 69-75. The first of these flew on 4 January 1914, piloted by Gordon Bell, Chief Test Pilot at Shorts. He was accompanied on this first flight by Charles Richard Fairey (later Sir Richard Fairey), who left Shorts in 1915 to found the Fairey Aviation company. When this first aircraft was delivered to the Royal Navy air station on the Isle of Grain it received the Navy's serial number 74, so this and the remaining six aircraft from the batch (Navy numbers 74-80) were therefore known as the Admiralty Type 74 according to the rules in use at the time.
Of the seven aircraft, four (including Naval nos. 75 and 79) were dispatched to the air station at Dundee, the other three remaining at the Grain air station. The Dundee aircraft took part in the 1914 Royal Fleet Review off Spithead as part of a contingent of 17 seaplanes and four airships.
- Crew: two
- Length: 39 ft in (11.9 m)
- Wingspan: 57 ft in (17.35 m)
- Height: ()
- Wing area: 580 ft² (54 m²)
- Empty weight: 2,100 lb (952 kg)
- Loaded weight: 2,700 lb (1,225 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: lb (kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Gnôme, 100 hp (74.6 kW)