- For the sound in English sometimes represented by ĭ, see near-close near-front unrounded vowel.
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2007)|
|Cyrillic letter Short I|
|The Cyrillic script|
Short I represents the palatal approximant /j/, like the pronunciation of ⟨y⟩ in toy.
It is transliterated as ⟨j⟩ (used amongst European languages), ⟨y⟩ (the most common), or ⟨i⟩ (the least common, likely to be ĭ), depending on which romanization system is used. See Transliteration of Russian into English and Romanization of Ukrainian.
Active use of ⟨Й⟩ (or, rather, the breve over ⟨И⟩) began around the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Since the middle of the seventeenth century, the differentiation between ⟨И⟩ and ⟨Й⟩ has become obligatory in the Russian variant of Church Slavonic orthography (used for the Russian language as well). During the alphabet reforms of Peter I, all diacritic marks were removed from the Russian writing system, but shortly after Peter I's death in 1735, the distinction between ⟨И⟩ and ⟨Й⟩ was restored. ⟨Й⟩ was not officially considered a separate letter of the alphabet until the 1930s.
|Bulgarian||10th||И кратко (I kratko or "short I")|
|Russian||11th||И краткое (I kratkoye or "short I")|
|Ukrainian||14th||йот /jɔt/, й /ɪj/|
In Russian, Short I appears predominantly in diphthongs like /ij/ in широкий (shirokiy 'wide'), /aj/ in край (kray 'end', 'krai'), /ej/ in долей (doley 'portion'), /oj/ in горой (goroy 'mountain'), and /uj/ in буйство (buystvo 'rage'). It is used in other positions only in foreign words, such as Йopк (York), or even fellow Slavic words like Йoвoвич (Yovovich).
In Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian, the Cyrillic letter Ј is used to represent the same sound. Latin-based Slavonic writing systems such as Polish, Czech and the Latin version of Serbian and Croatian use the Latin letter J (not the letter Y, as in English or French) for that purpose.
Related letters and other similar characters
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I|
|UTF-8||208 153||D0 99||208 185||D0 B9|
|Numeric character reference||Й||Й||й||й|
|KOI8-R and KOI8-U||234||EA||202||CA|
|Code page 855||190||BE||189||BD|
|Code page 866||137||89||169||A9|