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Short Money is the common name given to the annual payment to opposition parties in the United Kingdom House of Commons to help them with their costs. It includes funding to assist an opposition party in carrying out its Parliamentary business, for opposition parties’ travel and associated expenses, and for the running costs of the Leader of the Opposition's office.
Short Money was introduced by the Harold Wilson Government of 1974–76 following a commitment in the Queen's Speech of 12 March 1974: "My Ministers will consider the provision of financial assistance to enable Opposition parties more effectively to fulfil their Parliamentary functions".
Edward Short fleshed out the proposal in a statement on Members’ allowances in July 1974:
A more immediate need is to provide additional support for the Opposition parties in Parliament — support which they certainly require if they are to play their full part here. The then Opposition and, I believe, the whole House benefited greatly from the Rowntree scheme, but more permanent arrangements are now necessary. Following our commitment in the Queen's Speech, I have had very helpful discussions with the parties opposite. I now plan to bring firm proposals before the House in the autumn.
The current scheme is administered under a resolution of the House of Commons of 26 May 1999.
Short Money is made available to all opposition parties in the House of Commons that secured either at least two seats or one seat and more than 150,000 votes at the previous general election.
The scheme has three components:
- Funding to assist an opposition party in carrying out its parliamentary business
- Funding for the opposition parties’ travel and associated expenses
- Funding for the running costs of the Leader of the Opposition's office
Short Money is not available to parties whose members have not sworn the Oath of Allegiance (such as Sinn Féin) because it was introduced to offer assistance for 'parliamentary duties'. A separate scheme (introduced on 8 February 2006) provides funds to parties 'represented by Members who have chosen not to take their seats', providing for 'expenses wholly, exclusively and necessarily incurred for the employment of staff and related support to Members designated as that party's spokesman in relation to the party's representative business'. This is calculated on the same terms as Short Money. Other opposition parties have access to Short Money to support parliamentary business only and no equivalent extension for representative work.
This section needs to be updated.(December 2019)
- General funding for opposition parties
- From 1 April 2014, eligible parties receive £16,689.13 for every seat won at the last election plus £33.33 for every 200 votes gained by the party.
- Travel expenses for opposition parties
- From 1 April 2014, £183,336 is apportioned between each of the opposition parties in the same proportion as the amount given to each of them under the 'general funding' scheme set out above.
- Leader of the Opposition's office
- £777,538.48 is available for the running costs of the Leader of the Opposition's office for the financial year commencing on 1 April 2014. In addition, the Leader of the Opposition, the Opposition Chief Whip and the Assistant Opposition Whip receive a salary from public funds, on top of their parliamentary salary: £63,098, £33,002 and £19,239 respectively.
In his July 2015 budget, George Osborne cut Short Money by 19% though the news didn't emerge until the Autumn statement in November. The move was strongly criticised but Ministers argued that other areas of public finance were being similarly cut. Indexation was also linked to CPI rather than the more generous RPI inflation.
- "Q&A: How much Short money do parties get?". BBC News. 13 May 2015.
- "Opposition Parties (Financial Assistance)". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 26 May 1999. col. 427–429.
- "Short money, long argument. Why one MP is entitled to a £660,000 windfall". Economist. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
- Jon Stone (25 November 2015). "George Osbourne quietly cuts funding for all of UK's opposition parties". The Independent.
- Chris Mason (17 March 2016). "Short money cuts 'compromise' expected". BBC Politics. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
-  — Research notes from the UK Parliament website (PDF)