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|Birth name||Milton Rajonsky|
April 14, 1924|
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, United States
|Died||November 7, 1994
Van Nuys, California, United States
|Genres||Jazz, cool jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, arranger, composer|
Milton "Shorty" Rogers (April 14, 1924 – November 7, 1994) was one of the principal creators of West Coast jazz. He played both the trumpet and flugelhorn, and was in demand for his skills as an arranger.
Rogers appeared on the 1954 Shelly Manne album The Three and the Two along with Jimmy Giuffre. Much of the music he recorded with Giuffre showed his experimental side, resulting in an early form of avant-garde jazz. He also made notable recordings with Art Pepper and André Previn, among others.
From 1953 through 1962 Rogers recorded a series of albums for RCA Victor (later reissued on RCA's Bluebird label), as well as a series of Atlantic albums with his own group, Shorty Rogers and His Giants, including Shorty Courts the Count (1954), The Swinging Mr. Rogers (1955), and Martians Come Back (1955), the album title alluding to the tune "Martians Go Home" which Rogers had composed and performed on The Swinging Mr. Rogers earlier the same year. These albums incorporated some of his more avant-garde music. To some extent they could be classified as "cool" jazz; but they also looked back to the "hot" style of Count Basie, whom Rogers always credited as a major inspiration.
Credited with the composition of the music for UPA's Mr. Magoo cartoon Hotsy Footsy and the Looney Tune Three Little Bops, Rogers eventually became better known for his skills as a composer and arranger than as a trumpeter.
In the critically acclaimed 1955 film The Man with the Golden Arm, starring Frank Sinatra, Eleanor Parker, Kim Novak, Arnold Stang and Darren McGavin, and directed by Otto Preminger, the film's jazz soundtrack was played by Shorty Rogers and His Giants with Shelly Manne.
Shorty Rogers and his Giants appear performing "Wig Alley" (a version of "Morpo") and the opening bars of "Manteca" in the club scene of the surreal 1955 cult film Dementia aka "Daughter of Horror" with Adrienne Barrett as The Gamin who is caught in a nightmarish maelstrom of deeds.
In the 1950s, when Igor Stravinsky began experimenting with dodecaphony, one of the twelve-tone techniques originally devised by Arnold Schoenberg, Stravinsky was very impressed with Rogers's playing, which, as Robert Craft reports in his book Conversations with Stravinsky, influenced the composer's 1958 choral work Threni.
In the 1958 Peter Gunn TV series episode The Frog Shorty plays flugelhorn as Lola Albright sings How High the Moon at Mother's. Rogers conducted the orchestra and chorus for Ray Peterson's 1959 hit "The Wonder of You". He composed the score to the film Tarzan, the Ape Man (1959) starring Denny Miller, and his other film scores included Young Dillinger (1965), The Tiger Makes Out (1967), Gidget Grows Up (1969), Fools (1970), The Teacher (1974), Dr. Minx (1975), and the Adam West film The Specialist (1975).
After the early 1960s Rogers stopped performing on trumpet, and left the jazz scene for many years. Among other composing and arranging activities, he arranged a series of records for the Monkees (including "Daydream Believer") in the late 1960s, and in the 1970s wrote the jazzy background score to TV's The Partridge Family during the show's first season. He also contributed episode scores for the fourth season of Starsky & Hutch, and scored the 1979 TV reunion movie The Return of Mod Squad. Finally, in 1982, he was persuaded to pick up his trumpet and return to performing in jazz ensembles, playing first with Britain’s National Youth Jazz Orchestra and soon with Bud Shank and others. In the 1990s he was part of a Lighthouse All Stars group along with Shank, Bill Perkins, Bob Cooper, Conte Candoli, Claude Williamson, Monty Budwig, and John Guerin.
- Modern Sounds (Capitol, 1951)
- Popo (1951; Xanadu) with Art Pepper
- Shorty Rogers and His Giants (RCA Victor, 1953)
- Cool and Crazy (RCA Victor, 1953) - rereleased with additional tracks as The Big Shorty Rogers Express in 1956
- Shorty Rogers Courts the Count (RCA Victor, 1954)
- Bud Shank - Shorty Rogers - Bill Perkins (Pacific Jazz, 1955) - with Bud Shank
- Collaboration (RCA Victor, 1955) - with André Previn
- The Swinging Mr. Rogers (Atlantic, 1955)
- Martians Come Back! (Atlantic, 1955 )
- Way Up There (Atlantic, 1955 )
- Martians Stay Home (Atlantic, 1955 )
- Clickin' with Clax (Atlantic, 1956 )
- Wherever the Five Winds Blow (RCA Victor, 1956)
- Shorty Rogers Plays Richard Rodgers (RCA Victor, 1957)
- Portrait of Shorty (RCA Victor, 1957)
- Gigi in Jazz (RCA Victor, 1958)
- Afro-Cuban Influence (RCA Victor, 1958)
- Chances Are It Swings (RCA Victor, 1958)
- The Wizard of Oz and Other Harold Arlen Songs (RCA Victor, 1959)
- The Swingin' Nutcracker (RCA Victor, 1960)
- Shorty Rogers Meets Tarzan (1960; MGM E/SE-3798)
- The Fourth Dimension in Sound (1961; Warner Bros. W/WS-1443)
- An Invisible Orchard (RCA, 1961 )
- Bossa Nova (1962; Reprise R/R9-6050) (Reissued as Return to Rio on Discovery DS-899)
- Jazz Waltz (1963; Reprise R/R9-6060)
- Gospel Mission (1963; Capitol T/ST-1960)
- California Concert (Contemporary, 1985) with Bud Shank
With Elmer Bernstein
- The Man with the Golden Arm (Decca, 1956)
with Teddy Charles
With Jimmy Giuffre
With Stan Kenton
- Innovations in Modern Music (Capitol, 1950)
- Stan Kenton Presents (Capitol, 1950)
- Popular Favorites by Stan Kenton (Capitol, 1953)
- The Kenton Era (Capitol, 1940–54, )
- The Innovations Orchestra (Capitol, 1950-51 )
with Perez Prado
- Voodoo Suite (1955; RCA Victor LPM-1101)
With Bud Shank
- A Spoonful of Jazz (World Pacific, 1967)
With Harvey Mandel
- Righteous (1969; Philips PHS-600-306)
With Shelly Manne
- The West Coast Sound (Contemporary, 1955)
- My Son the Jazz Drummer! (Contemporary, 1962) - also trumpet and flugelhorn