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Shot-for-shot (or shot-for-shot adaptation, shot-for-shot remake) is a way to describe a visual work that is transferred almost completely identically from the original work without much interpretation.
In the film industry, most screenplays are adapted into a storyboard by the director and/or storyboard artists to visually represent the director's vision for each shot, so that the crew can understand what is being aimed for.
From comics/graphic novels to film
- Sin City - Directors Robert Rodriguez and Frank Miller filmed most scenes shot-for-shot from Miller's graphic novels.
- 300 - Director Zack Snyder photocopied the graphic novel and constructed the preceding and succeeding shots.
- Watchmen - Zack Snyder again used the graphic novel as his main storyboard, featuring several shots that are almost identical to their literary counterparts.
From comics/graphic novels to television
- The Adventures of Tintin comics series was adapted into The Adventures of Tintin television series, often with many of the panels from the original comic transposed directly to the television screen.
- The Marvel Super Heroes animated series used extremely limited animation produced by xerography, consisting of photocopied images taken directly from the comics and manipulated to minimize the need for animation production.
- The Maxx - Sam Keith and William Messner-Loebs' Image Comics series was adapted in an animated television series by Rough Draft Studios and MTV in 1995. Richard Mathes wrote of it, "The cartoon version of The Maxx follows the comics' art almost line-for-line. Instead of attempting to cartoon-ify the dark tone of the comic books, the producers made the decision to use animation that is nearly identical to the panels within the Image comics. In addition, the animators did as little animating as possible. They don’t insert motion just to show that they can; instead, they hold on to shots, using movement only when absolutely necessary."
Film to film
Some films are remade in an almost identical "frame-to-frame" fashion.
- Alfred Hitchcock's black-and-white Psycho was remade by Gus Van Sant as nearly a shot for shot remake, with different actors.
- The 1952 color version of The Prisoner of Zenda went so far as to use the same shooting script as the 1937 black-and-white adaptation.
- Amateur filmmakers Eric Zala, Chris Strompolos, and Jayson Lamb created a shot-for-shot adaptation of Steven Spielberg's Raiders of the Lost Ark during their youth in the 1980s. The film was unearthed and championed years later by filmmaker Eli Roth; a movie about the boys' creation of the film was made in 2015.
- Michael Haneke's 2007 film Funny Games is a remake of his own film from 1997 by the same name, albeit with a mostly American crew and actors instead of the original German/Austrian.
Animation to animation
- Orphan's Benefit, 1934 and 1941 versions
- Hatch Up Your Troubles and The Egg and Jerry
- Tops with Pops and Love That Pup
- The Little Orphan and Feedin' the Kiddie
- Many scenes from Evangelion: 1.0 You Are (Not) Alone are recreated shot-for-shot from the original television series Neon Genesis Evangelion.
Monster, besides adding animation, music and shuffling around some scenes, is a perfect recreation of the source material.
Manga to anime
Many Japanese anime series that are based on a preceding manga series strive to adapt the story without many changes. If the anime and manga are being produced concurrently, however, and should the anime overtake the release of new source material, the producers might then be forced to create their own new ending to the story, go on hiatus, or create a "filler arc" with an original story arc that non-canonically continues the story until more material has been created.
Some directors pay tribute/homage to other works by including scenes that are identical.
- The Odessa Steps sequence of The Battleship Potemkin has been emulated in several films, including The Untouchables, as well as the film Brazil.
- The 400 Blows has a scene identical to Zéro de conduite as a homage.
- The famous "cropduster chase" scene in North by Northwest has been the subject of numerous homages and parodies.
- The Dreamers contains numerous homages and reconstructions of scenes from films such as Bande à part, Blonde Venus, Freaks, Scarface, Queen Christina, À bout de souffle, Sunset Boulevard, and Mouchette.
- The Disney film Enchanted includes numerous homages to animated films done shot-for-shot in live-action.
- Star Wars Uncut is a shot-for-shot, fan-made remake of Star Wars.
- Requiem for a Dream and Black Swan by director Darren Aronofsky feature homages to the 1997 movie Perfect Blue by Satoshi Kon. Aronofsky bought the remake rights to Perfect Blue in order to use these shots.
Television to Television
- To celebrate it's 100th episode "Mercy", the showrunners of The Walking Dead created a shot-for-shot remake of the first scene broadcast of the series from the pilot "Days Gone Bye".
Many comedy works that rely heavily on parody use shot-for-shot as a substance of humor.
- Many Simpsons episodes parody other works by using shot-for-shot representation, such as a scene in "I'm Spelling as Fast as I Can" taken from Requiem for a Dream.
- The television show Family Guy commonly transitions into shot-for-shot remakes of famous scenes, sometimes depicting the original actors, at others inserting characters relevant to the current episode.
- The web site Funny or Die produced a shot-for-shot remake of the 1977 Bing Crosby and David Bowie duet of "Peace on Earth/Little Drummer Boy" starring Will Ferrell as David Bowie and John C. Reilly as Bing Crosby.
- A shot-for-shot remake of Kanye West's "Bound 2" music video was made where James Franco imitates Kanye West and Seth Rogen imitates Kim Kardashian.
- A fan-made web comic parody of the manga Akira by Katsuhiro Otomo, titled Bartkira, has been created by Ryan Humphrey and is currently ongoing, with the first three volumes adapted. It is a panel-for-panel retelling of the manga illustrated by numerous artists contributing several pages each, with Otomo's characters being portrayed by members of the cast of The Simpsons; for example, Kaneda is represented by Bart Simpson, Milhouse Van Houten replaces Tetsuo, and Kei and Colonel Shikishima are portrayed by Laura Powers and Principal Skinner respectively.
- Mathes, Richard (2007-05-29). "The Maxx -- The Only Thing MTV Never Screwed Up". Tubewad. Archived from the original on 2008-01-23. https://web.archive.org/web/20080123222154/http://www.tubewad.com/featured-the-maxx-the-only-thing-mtv-never-screwed-up-1664-p.html.
- Ross, Dalton (October 22, 2017). "The Walking Dead director reveals season premiere Easter eggs". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
- "Will Ferrell And John C. Reilly Team Up For Christmas Parody Video"
- Sampson, Mike (November 25, 2013). "Seth Rogen and James Franco's Shot-for-Shot Recreation of Kanye West's "Bound 2″ Video". ScreenCrush. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- Humphrey, Ryan. "Bartkira.com". Retrieved 16 December 2015.