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Shoval is located in Israel
Coordinates: 31°24′46.08″N 34°44′34.08″E / 31.4128000°N 34.7428000°E / 31.4128000; 34.7428000Coordinates: 31°24′46.08″N 34°44′34.08″E / 31.4128000°N 34.7428000°E / 31.4128000; 34.7428000
District Southern
Council Bnei Shimon
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 6 October 1946
Founded by Hashomer Hatzair members
Population (2015) 640[1]

Shoval (Hebrew: שׁוֹבָל‎) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located in the northern Negev desert near the Bedouin city of Rahat, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bnei Shimon Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 640.[1]


The kibbutz founders wanted to name it "Eilat" as they wanted to settle near the Red Sea, however, the naming committee chose the name Shoval.[2]
The origin of the name is from two passages in the Books of Chronicles:

″The sons of Se'ir: Lotan, Shoval, Tziv'on, 'Anah, Dishon, Etzer and Dishan.″ - 1 Chronicles 1:38
″The descendants of Y'hudah: Peretz, Hetzron, Karmi, Hur and Shoval.″ - 1 Chronicles 4:1


The kibbutz was founded on 6 October 1946 as part of the 11 points operation by a gar'in whose members were of Hashomer Hatzair and immigrants who had survived the Patria disaster.


Shoval has two major sources of income; agriculture and plastics manufacturing. Its dairy farm is one of the largest in the area and is managed as a partnership with kibbutz Na'an. It also has a vast area of arable land where wheat, barley and potatoes are grown. In addition there are several chicken coops that are mainly used to raise chickens for meat. The kibbutz also operates a plastic seals manufacturing plant named Seal Jet.

Arava Power Company operates a solar farm on Shoval's land. This 24 acre farm can produce 6.4 MW using 22100 JA Solar panels.[3]


In 1963, a regional high school was built named Mevo'ot HaNegev in the kibbutz. The school serves pupils of the ages of 12-18 from the kibbutz and the surrounding settlements. The education system in the kibbutz also includes kindergartens and the young students learn in the Nitzanei HaNegev elementary school in Beit Kama. The kibbutz also hosts an ulpan for teaching the Hebrew language and its students study and work in the kibbutz.

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Jewish villages in Israel, Jewish National Fund, Jerusalem 1949, p.169
  3. ^