Shovel-billed kookaburra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Shovel-billed Kookaburra)
Jump to: navigation, search
Shovel-billed kookaburra
Shovel-billed Kingfisher.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Subfamily: Halcyoninae
Genus: Clytoceyx
Sharpe, 1880
Species: C. rex
Binomial name
Clytoceyx rex
Sharpe, 1880

The shovel-billed kookaburra (Clytoceyx rex), also known as the shovel-billed kingfisher, is a large, approximately 33 cm (13 in) long, dark brown tree kingfisher with a heavy, short and broad bill that is unique among the kingfishers. It has a dark head with rufous stripe behind eye, a white throat, rufous neck collar and underparts, bright blue rump, brown iris, brownish-black bill with paler mandible (entire bill often appears brownish due to earth) and pale feet. Both sexes are similar in appearance, but are easily recognized from the color of the tail. The male has a dark bluish tail while female's is rufous. The juvenile has a female-like plumage with scale-patterned feathers.

The sole representative of the genus Clytoceyx, the shovel-billed kookaburra is endemic to New Guinea. It primarily occurs in hill forests, but has been recorded from sea-level up to an altitude of 2400 m (7850 ft). It finds its food in mud or on moist ground. The diet consists mainly of earthworms, snails, beetles, lizards and insects. It is inconspicuous and infrequently seen. It is likely that it is partially crepuscular.

A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2017 found that the shovel-billed kookaburra nested with the kookaburras in the genus Dacelo.[2]

Widespread but uncommon throughout a large part of New Guinea, the shovel-billed kookaburra is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Clytoceyx rex". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Andersen, M.J.; McCullough, J.M.; Mauck III, W.M.; Smith, B.T.; Moyle, R.G. (2017). "A phylogeny of kingfishers reveals an Indomalayan origin and elevated rates of diversification on oceanic islands". Journal of Biogeography: 1–13. doi:10.1111/jbi.13139.  "Early View" version

External links[edit]