A Jewish woman wearing a sheitel with a shpitzel or snood on top of it
A shpitzel is a head covering worn by some married Hasidic women. It is a partial wig that only has hair in the front, the rest typically covered by a small pillbox hat or a headscarf. The hairpiece may actually be silk or lace, or else made of synthetic fibers, to avoid too closely resembling real hair.
According to Jewish law (halacha) concerning modesty (tzniut), a woman must cover her hair after marriage. The shpitzel was popular among Hungarian Hasidim in the 19th century, and it is worn by some contemporary women who follow the customs of that community.