Pinarolestes Sharpe, 1877
The shrikebills are the monarch flycatcher genus Clytorhynchus. The five species have long laterally compressed bills similar to true shrikes that give them their names. The genus is endemic to the islands of Melanesia and western Polynesia.
The shrikebills are insectivorous, and use their large heavy bills to explore tangles of dead leaves and dead wood; an unusual foraging strategy for their family. Their diet may also include small fruits and lizards.
Taxonomy and systematics
The genus Clytorhynchus contains the following species:
- Southern shrikebill (Clytorhynchus pachycephaloides)
- Fiji shrikebill (Clytorhynchus vitiensis)
- Black-throated shrikebill (Clytorhynchus nigrogularis)
- Santa Cruz shrikebill (Clytorhynchus sanctaecrucis)
- Rennell shrikebill (Clytorhynchus hamlini)
Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Clytorhynchus:
- Sangihe shrikethrush (as Pinarolestes sanghirensis)
- Little shrikethrush (as Pinarolestes megarhynchos or Pinarolestes megarhynchus)
- Duston, Guy (2006). "The Pacific shrikebills (Clytorhynchus) and the case for species status for the form sanctaecrucis" (PDF). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. 126 (4): 299–308.
- "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4.
- "Coracornis sanghirensis - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum: Passeriformes, or perching birds. Coliomorphœ, containing the families Corridœ, Paradiseidœ, Oriolidœ, Dicruridœ, and Prionopidœ, by R.B. Sharpe. order of the Trustees. 1877-01-01.
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