Shrimad Rajchandra

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Srimad Rajcandra.jpg
Born Raichandbhai Mehta
(1867-11-09)9 November 1867
Vavania Port, Gujarat
Died 9 April 1901(1901-04-09) (aged 33)
Rajkot, Gujarat
Occupation Jain scholar, philosopher and spiritual leader
Notable work Atma Siddhi, Mokshamala
Religion Jainism
Parent(s) Ravajibhai and Devabai

Shrimad Rajchandra, born Raichandbhai Ravajibhai Mehta, was a prominent Jain poet, philosopher, and scholar. He is best known for his teachings on Jainism and as a spiritual guide of Mahatma Gandhi.[1][2][3]


Shrimad Rajchandra was born on November 9, 1867, in Vavania Bandar, Morbi, Gujarat. His mother was Jain and his father was Vaishnava Hindu. He started speaking in public at age of 10 and writing articles at 11. He performed Shatavdhan (a difficult memory test of memorizing 100 different things at a time) at Sir Framji Cowasji Institute in Mumbai in 1887. The same year, he married to Jhabakben and then engaged in the pearls and diamond business. At the age of 32, he contracted an illness from which he never recovered. He died on April 9, 1901 in Rajkot, Gujarat.[4][5]


He summarized his interpretation of Jainism in Atma Siddhi, a Gujarati short verse poem written when he was 28 years old.[citation needed] In addition, throughout his life, he wrote 800 letters charting his spiritual journey. In his letters, he mentioned having the memory of several past lives at the age of seven, and in a letter written in 1890, he mentions having achieved self-realization.[5]

Shrimad Rajchandra Vihar, the Jain temple complex dedicated to him was erected on the eastern hillock of Idar hill in Gujarat.[3]

Relationship with Mahatma Gandhi[edit]

He is well known as a spiritual guide of Mahatma Gandhi. They were introduced in Mumbai in 1891 and had various conversations through letters while Gandhi was in South Africa. Gandhi noted his impression of Shrimad Rajchandra in his autobiography, The Story of My Experiments with Truth, calling Raichandbhai his "guide and helper" and his "refuge… in moments of spiritual crisis". He had advised Gandhi to be patient and to study Hinduism deeply.[1][2]


  • Stri Niti Bodhaka
  • Sad-bodh-shatak
  • Mokshamala
  • Bhavanabodh
  • Atma Siddhi

He also translated several books and wrote some commentaries.


  1. ^ a b Mahatma Gandhi (1957). An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth. Beacon Press. ISBN 978-0-606-30496-2. 
  2. ^ a b Thomas Weber (2 December 2004). Gandhi as Disciple and Mentor. Cambridge University Press. pp. 34–36. ISBN 978-1-139-45657-9. 
  3. ^ a b Anjali H. Desai (2007). India Guide Gujarat. India Guide Publications. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-9789517-0-2. 
  4. ^ Shrimad Rajchandra: A Pictorial Biography. Mahavir Seva Trust. 1990. 
  5. ^ a b Shrimad Rajchandra; Jagmandar Lal Jaini (rai bahadur) (1964). The Atma-Siddhi: (or the Self-Realization) of Shrimad Rajchandra. Shrimad Rajchandra Gyan Pracharak Trust. 

Further reading[edit]

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