Shtandart (frigate, 1999)

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In 2007 in Poland
Shtandart under sail in Baltic Sea, 2007
History
Russian Navy EnsignRussia
Name: Shtandart
Namesake: Frigate (1703), Imperial Yacht ship
Owner: Shtandart Project (St Petersburg)
Builder: Vladimir Martus
Laid down: November 4, 1994
Launched: September 4, 1999
Commissioned: June 25, 2000
Identification:
General characteristics (typical)
Class and type: replica 28-gun frigate,
Displacement: 220 tons[1]
Length:
Beam: 7.0 m (23.0 ft)[1]
Height: 33 m (108 ft) mainmast[1]
Draft: 3.0–3.3 m (9.8–10.8 ft)[1]
Decks: Berth, Gun, Spar
Propulsion:
Sail plan: 620 m2 (6,700 sq ft) on three masts[1]
Speed: 11 knots (20 km/h)
Complement:
  • 1703: 120 seamen,
  • 1999: 40 seamen
Armament: 7 modern saluting guns (original of 1703 had 28 guns)

The frigate Shtandart (Russian: Штандартъ) is modern replica of the first ship of Russia's Baltic fleet, was launched in 1703 at the Olonetsky shipyard near Olonets by the decree of Tsar Peter I and orders issued by commander Aleksandr Menshikov. The name Shtandart was also given to the royal yachts of the tsars until the Russian Revolution in 1917. Tsar Nicholas II's royal yacht was last of this series.

Design[edit]

In 1994 a small group of sailing enthusiasts led by Vladimir Martus started construction of a replica of the historical ship. Martus developed a new layout of the Shtandart wherein she was built with four bulkheads, dividing her into five compartments.

The replica frigate has three masts and her displacement is 220 tons. She is 25.88 metres (82.0 ft) registered length, 27.5 metres (90 ft) long on deck and 34.5 metres (113 ft) long overall. The Shtandart is 7.0 metres (23 ft) wide with a draft of 3.0 to 3.3 metres (11 ft). The ship is designed for speeds between 8-9 knots under sail, and under auxiliary engines she can make up to 13 knots (25 km/h). The original crew complement in 1703 was between 120 and 150, and the modern crew consists of 30 trainees and 10 officers.

The "Shtandart Project" (a non-commercial organisation dedicated to youth development) launched a replica of the frigate on September 4, 1999. The modern Shtandart has two zones:

  • The historically accurate area above the gun deck: the steering wheel and helm, all decorative carvings, the furniture, and all of the masts, spikes, guns, gangways and hatches are carefully reconstructed.
  • The "modern" area built to modern standards and in compliance with safety regulations: This includes two Volvo Penta TAMD 122P engines and a generator.
Shtandart playing a key role of Scarlet Sails holiday of alumnus, 2007
The Shtandart with the Gorch Fock in front of the Naval Academy Mürwik (2010)

Milestones of the Shtandart[edit]

  • On September 4, 1999 the Shtandart was launched at the Petrovsky Shipyard in St Petersburg.
  • In June 2000 the Shtandart set sail on her maiden voyage. The frigate retraced the route taken by Peter I, during his Grand Embassy.
  • Since 2005, the Shtandart has played the part of the "dream ship" at the Scarlet Sails festival, an annual celebration of the end of the school year in St. Petersburg from a novel by Alexander Grin[2][3]
  • Over the last seventeen years (till end 2017) the Shtandart has sailed approximately 150,000 nautical miles (280,000 km) in the Baltic, North, Norwegian Barents and Mediterranean Seas, as well as sailing to Canary islands. She has visited one hundred and fifty ports in seventeen countries. Around 7000 trainees has been on board Shtandart for sailing adventure and training.

Bureaucratic challenges[edit]

Beginning in 2007, all sailing vessels in Russia faced challenges with a certification. The new National Sea and River Authority (then Росморречнадзор/Rosmorrechnadzor, now Госморречнадзор/Gosmorrechnadzor) refused to issue certificates for sailing ships. The Shtandart was one of the most prominent of these vessels, so her dispute with this government agency was widely publicized.[4] The Northwest directorate of the Rosmorrechnadzor cancelled the Shtandart's certifications but the St. Petersburg Arbitration Court reversed the decision in favor of the frigate, and the certificate's cancellation was ruled illegal.[5] The ship has now been sailing around in Europe for the last ten years. It is not known when she could return to her home port.

Shtandart's activities in 2000–2017[edit]

  • June 25, 2000 - the Shtandart has left St Petersburg port for her maiden voyage
  • Season 2000 route: St Petersburg — Vysby — Zaandam — Ijmuiden — Dunkirk — Roskoff — Brest for Brest 2000 — London — Amsterdam — Bremerhaven Sail Bremerhaven — St Malo
  • Season 2001 route: St Malo — Amsterdam — Kalmar — St Petersburg — Aalesund Tall Ships' Races — Bergen — Esbjerg — Oudeschild — Brugge — Portsmouth
  • season 2002 route: Portsmouth — Harwich — Rotterdam — Den Helder — Hamburg — St Petersburg
  • season 2003 route: St Petersburg — Jakobstad — Sassnitz — Wilhelmshaven — Turku — Viborg — St Petersburg
  • season 2004 route: St Petersburg — Copenhagen — Stavern — Whisby — Hartlepool — Brest — Rotterdam — Antwerpen — Aalborg — Rostock — Helsingor — Lubeck — Frederikshavn — Karlskrona — Viborg — St Petersburg
  • season 2005 route: St Petersburg — Copenhagen — Odense — Halmstad — Helsinki — St Petersburg — Baltiisk— Lelystad — Rochester — London — Lowestoft — Hartlepool — Newcastle — Frederikstad (TSR) — Bremerhaven — Helgoland — Wismar — Travemunde — Frederikshavn — Gøteborg — Szczecin — Kotka — St Petersburg
  • season 2006 route: St Petersburg — Rotterdam — Travemunde — Kaliningrad — Karlskroona — Rostock — Frederickshavn — Lubeck — Kalmar — St Petersburg
  • season 2007 route: ST Petersburg — Hamburg — St Petersburg — TSR ports — St Petersburg
  • season 2008: St Petersburg
  • On August 25, 2009 the Shtandart sailed from St Petersburg all way around Norway's North Cape.
  • During the winter of 2009–2010, the ship remained in Oslo, Norway, for winter quarters.
  • The Shtandart took part in the Sail 2010 tall ships' festival in Bremerhaven, Germany between August 25 and 29.
  • The Shtandart took part in the Royal Greenwich Tall Ships Festival in London, UK between September 5 and 9.
  • season 2010 route: Norway — Poland — Germany — Finland — Belgium (TSR ports) — Denmark — Norway — Germany — Netherlands
  • Sason 2011 route: Lelystad — Hamburg — Hellevoetsluis — Fredericia — Rotterdam (Filming Nova Zembla (film)) — Gdansk — Klaipeda (TSR Ports) — Turku — Great Yarmouth — Zaandam — Dordrecht — Hamburg
  • season 2012 route: Hamburg — Tallinn — Bremerhaven — Risor — Flensburg — Hellevoetsluis
  • season 2013 route: Amsterdam — Hamburg — Rouen — Kiel — Helsinki — Riga — Szczecin — Honfleur — St Malo — Bilbao — La Coruna — Lisbon — Portimao — Essueira — Las Palmas
  • season 2014 route: Santa-Cruz de TenerifeMadeira — Cherbourg — Kampen — Hamburg — Szczecin — Helsingor — Hanko — Rostock — Gdynia — London — Luebeck
  • season 2015 route: Swanage — Hamburg — Riga — Klaipeda — Szczecin — SandefjordAalesund — Kristiansand — Amsterdam (Sail Amsterdam 2015) — Lisbon — Malaga — Cannes — Rome — Genoa — Napoli — Palermo
  • season 2016 route: Barcelona — Malaga — Gibraltar — Cascais — Ferrol — Barcelona — Sete — Tarragona — Rochefort — Brest — Swanage — Edinbough —Blyth — Goteborg — Plymouth — St Malo — Bordeaux — Porto
  • season 2017 route: Vila do Conde — Cadis — Vigo — Vannes — Dublin — Belfast — Liverpool — Honfleur — Kotka — Turku — Klaipeda — Szczecin — Copenhagen — La Rochelle — Nantes — Copenhagen — St Malo — Barcelona

Shtandart in films[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Ship Characteristics" (in Russian). Shtandart. Retrieved 2009-09-11. 
  2. ^ Brief description of "Scarlet Sails" celebration and other holidays.
  3. ^ another "Scarlet Sails" link (Russian).
  4. ^ Pirogovsky, Artem (2008-07-10). "Владимир Мартусь: Причина конфликта ""Штандарт" vs Росморречнадзор" - слишком большая сумма контракта" [Vladimir Martus: the Reason for the conflict "Shtandart" vs Rosmorrechnadzor "- too great a contract sum]. Mediaconflict (in Russian). Lenizdat. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  5. ^ Gazeta article about the case.
  6. ^ Admiral. Retrieved on 30 January 2015.

External links[edit]

List of Russian sail frigates