Shuangfeng dialect

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Shuangfeng dialect
Native to China
Region Shuangfeng, Hunan province
Native speakers
(this article does not contain any information regarding the number of speakers)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
Glottolog None
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Shuangfeng dialect (simplified Chinese: 双峰话; traditional Chinese: 雙峰話; pinyin: shuāngfēng huà) is a dialect of Xiang Chinese, spoken in Shuangfeng County, Hunan province.

Phonetics and Phonology[edit]


Consonants of the Shuangfeng dialect
  bilabial alveolar alveolo-palatal retroflex velar
nasal m n ɲ   ŋ
plosives voiced b d     ɡ
voiceless unaspirated p t     k
voiceless aspirated    
fricatives voiced         ɣ
voiceless   s ɕ ʂ x
affricates voiced   dz  
voiceless unaspirated   ts  
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʂʰ  
lateral approximants   l      



Phonemically, Shuangfeng dialect has three tones. However, phonetically the pitch of a syllable depends on the voicing of the initial consonant, so that these are counted as five:

Tone chart of the Shuangfeng dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˥ (55) high
2 yang ping (陽平) ˨˧ (23) low rising
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩ (21) low
4 yin qu (陰去) ˧˥ (35) high rising
5 yang qu (陽去) ˧ (33) mid

See also[edit]


  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Wu, Yunji. (2005). A Synchronic and diachronic study of the grammar of the Chinese Xiang dialects. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-018366-8
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links[edit]