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Prefecture-level city
New Year's Parade in February 2002
New Year's Parade in February 2002
Shuangyashan (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Shuangyashan (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Shuangyashan is located in Heilongjiang
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 46°38′N 131°09′E / 46.633°N 131.150°E / 46.633; 131.150
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 8
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • CPC Shuangyashan Secretary Li Xiangang (李显刚)
 • Mayor Wu Fengcheng (武凤呈)
 • Total 26,483 km2 (10,225 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,462,626
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 155000
Area code(s) 0469
Licence plates 黑J
ISO 3166-2 cn-23-05
Climate Dwb
"Shuangyashan", as written in Chinese
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 双鸭山
Traditional Chinese 雙鴨山
Literal meaning double duck mountain
Manchu name
Manchu script ᠵᡠᡵᡠ ᠨᡳᠶᡝᡥᡝ ᠠᠯᡳᠨ
Russian name
Russian Шуанъяшань

Shuangyashan (Chinese: 双鸭山; pinyin: Shuāngyāshān) is a coal mining prefecture-level city located in the eastern part Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, bordering Russia's Khabarovsk and Primorsky krais to the east. The city's name means a pair-of-ducks mountains and refers to two peaks northeast of the city.[2] In 2007 it had a GDP of RMB 20.6 billion with a 14.2% growth rate.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Shuangyashan mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Jianshan District 尖山区 Jiānshān Qū 210,000 118 1,780
2 Lingdong District 岭东区 Lǐngdōng Qū 90,000 908 99
3 Sifangtai District 四方台区 Sìfāngtái Qū 70,000 169 414
4 Baoshan District 宝山区 Bǎoshān Qū 130,000 572 227
5 Jixian County 集贤县 Jíxián Xiàn 310,000 2,860 108
6 Youyi County 友谊县 Yǒuyì Xiàn 120,000 1,800 67
7 Baoqing County 宝清县 Bǎoqīng Xiàn 420,000 13,443 31
8 Raohe County 饶河县 Ráohé Xiàn 140,000 6,613 21


Shuangyashan was given its name in AD 1384 during the Ming Dynasty. However, few people lived in the area before coal was discovered there in 1914. In 1928 a major coal mining operation was established on the site and in 1946 the area was first designated a county. Shuangyashan was established as a special mining district in 1954 and officially designated a city by the CPC Central Committee and State Council in 1956.

Geography and climate[edit]


Shuangyashan is rich in coal, magnetite and marble. The proven coal reserves in the city total 11 billion tons, ranking first out of 13 prefecture and prefecture-level cities in the province. The magnetite reserves in Shuangyashan exceed 120 million tons, ranking first in Heilongjiang Province.


The city has a cold temperate monsoon climate, with long, cold, windy winters. The average temperature in the city is about 3℃.


Shuangyashan is a major center for coal mining. The city also produces steel, lumber, chemicals, building materials, textiles, electric machinery, and food products. In 2010, Shuangyashan's GDP reached RMB 37.67 billion, featuring a growth of 25% from a year ago.[3] The production output of steel and coal ranked the first and the second in Heilongjiang province. The region has attracted investments from large domestic companies such as Shandong Luneng Group and Jianlong Group. Tourism, retailing and wholesaling are also the pillars of the city's service sector.[4]

More recently, the city has been feeling the effects of the coal downturn, with mining demand collapsing amidst a slowdown in China's economic growth.[5]


Shuangyashan is the end of the Harbin to Shuangyashan railway spur link. 15 hours from Harbin by train, and 90 minutes from the closest prefecture-level city, Jiamusi. A modern freeway connects the town to Jiamusi over a distance of 57 km (35 mi). There is a modern coach service as well which does this trip in approximately 45 minutes. The city is 80 km (50 mi) from Jiamusi Airport, which operates regular flights to Beijing, Dalian, Shanghai, Qingdao, Guangzhou, Sanya and Khabarovsk.


A small house in the countryside a few kilometres outside of Shuangyashan

Shuangyashan is surrounded by small mountains, and a large park based around one of these mountains forms a major feature of the outdoor life of the town. During the winter, this pine- and elm-covered mountain forms a lovely area for hiking and general snow play. In summer, the cool Heilongjiang summer, and the very long northern days make this a wonderful area to spend the days.


External links[edit]