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Shuchō (朱鳥), alternatively read as Suchō or Akamitori, was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after a gap following Hakuchi (650-654) and before another gap lasting until Taihō (701-704). This Shuchō period briefly spanned a period of mere months, June through September 686.[1] The reigning sovereigns were Temmu-tennō (天武天皇) and Jitō-tennō (持統天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • 686 Shuchō gannen (朱鳥元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events, but the nengō did not survive Emperor Temmu's death. The era ended with the accession of Temmu's successor, Empress Jitō.

Events of the Shuchō era

  • 686 (Shuchō 1, 9th day of the 9th month): Emperor Temmu dies[3]
  • 686 (Shuchō 1, 2nd day of the 10th month): rebellion of Prince Ōtsu discovered; he and conspirators are arrested[3]
  • 686 (Shuchō 1, 3rd day of the 10th month): Prince Ōtsu commits suicide[3]
  • 686 (Shuchō 1, 16th day of the 11th month): Princess Ōku, Prince Ōtsu's sister, is removed from position at Ise Shrine[4]
  • 686 (Shuchō 1, 17th day of the 11th month): earthquake[4]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shuchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 889, p. 889, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 58-59; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 268-269.
  3. ^ a b c Hioki (2007:195)
  4. ^ a b Hioki (2007:196)


External links

Shuchō 1st
Gregorian 686
Preceded by
Era or nengō
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Jitō period
Temmu period
Reign of Emperor Temmu
Succeeded by
Mommu period