Shukhov Tower

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Coordinates: 55°43′02″N 37°36′41″E / 55.71722°N 37.61139°E / 55.71722; 37.61139

Shukhov Tower
Shukhov Tower photo by Maxim Fedorov. Night.jpg
The tower in 2007
General information
Architectural style Constructivist architecture
Town or city Moscow
Groundbreaking 1920
Completed 1922
Tip 160 m (525 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Vladimir Shukhov
Shukhov Tower Project of 350 metres, 1919.
Beneath the Shukhov Tower in Moscow.

The Shukhov radio tower (Russian: Шуховская башня), also known as the Shabolovka tower (Russian: Шаболовская башня), is a broadcasting tower in Moscow designed by Vladimir Shukhov. The 160-metre-high free-standing steel diagrid structure was built in the period 1920–1922, during the Russian Civil War.


The Shukhov tower is a hyperboloid structure (hyperbolic steel gridshell) consisting of a series of hyperboloid sections stacked on one another to approximate an overall conical shape. The tower has a diagrid structure, and its steel shell experiences minimum wind load (a significant design factor for high-rising buildings). The tower sections are single-cavity hyperboloids of rotation made of straight beams, the ends of which rest against circular foundations.

The original plan was for a 350 m tall tower.[1] This was reduced to 160 m because steel was in short supply in Russia during the time of its construction.[1]


The tower is located a few kilometres south of the Moscow Kremlin, but is not accessible to tourists. The street address of the tower is "Shabolovka Street, 37".

Possible demolition[edit]

As of early 2014, the tower faced demolition by the Russian State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting, after having been allowed to deteriorate for years despite popular calls for its restoration.[2] Following a concerted campaign calling for the preservation of the tower, on July 3 the Ministry of Culture of Russia announced that the tower will not be demolished,[3] and in September 2014 that Moscow City Council had placed a preservation order on the tower in order to safeguard it.[4][5]

In January 2017 the RTRS has placed a request for tender for a plan to renovate and preserve the monument.[6]


There is a model of Shukhov's Shabolovka Tower at the Information Age gallery at the Science Museum in London. The model is at 1:30 scale and was installed in October 2014.[7]


See also[edit]


(in English)

  1. ^ a b Stevens, Susannah (9 April 2014). "Shukhov Tower: The Eiffel of the East". BBCNews. BBC. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Kimmelman, Michael (March 16, 2014). "Broadcasting a Plea to Save a Historic Tower". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ "Стражники Башни". Новая газета - (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  4. ^ Penny Sarchet (2 September 2014). "Soviet-era hyperboloid tower saved from destruction". New Scientist. 
  5. ^ "Moscow Puts Iconic Shukhov Tower on Protected Landmark List". The Moscow Times. Aug 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Шуховская башня". РИА Новости (in Russian). 20170319T0404+0300Z. Retrieved 2018-07-07.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2015-01-28. 

(in German)

(in French)

  • Picon, Antoine (dir.), "L'art de l'ingenieur : constructeur, entrepreneur, inventeur", Éditions du Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1997, ISBN 2-85850-911-5
  • Fausto Giovannardi "Vladimir Shukhov e la leggerezza dell'acciaio" at

External links[edit]

(in English)

(in Chinese)