Shukhov Tower

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Coordinates: 55°43′02″N 37°36′41″E / 55.71722°N 37.61139°E / 55.71722; 37.61139

Shukhov Tower
Shukhov Tower photo by Maxim Fedorov. Night.jpg
The tower in 2007
General information
Architectural style Constructivist architecture
Town or city Moscow
Groundbreaking 1920
Completed 1922
Height
Tip 160 m (525 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Vladimir Shukhov
Shukhov Tower Project of 350 metres, 1919.
Beneath the Shukhov Tower in Moscow.

The Shukhov radio tower (Russian: Шуховская башня), also known as the Shabolovka tower (Russian: Шаболовская башня), is a broadcasting tower in Moscow designed by Vladimir Shukhov. The 160-metre-high free-standing steel diagrid structure was built in the period 1920–1922, during the Russian Civil War.

Structure[edit]

The Shukhov tower is a hyperboloid structure (hyperbolic steel gridshell) consisting of a series of hyperboloid sections stacked on one another to approximate an overall conical shape. The tower has a diagrid structure, and its steel shell experiences minimum wind load (a significant design factor for high-rising buildings). The tower sections are single-cavity hyperboloids of rotation made of straight beams, the ends of which rest against circular foundations.

The original plan was for a 350 m tall tower.[1] This was reduced to 160 m because steel was in short supply in Russia during the time of its construction.[1]

Location[edit]

The tower is located a few kilometres south of the Moscow Kremlin, but is not accessible to tourists. The street address of the tower is "Shabolovka Street, 37".

Possible demolition[edit]

As of early 2014, the tower faced demolition by the Russian State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting, after having been allowed to deteriorate for years despite popular calls for its restoration.[2] Following a concerted campaign calling for the preservation of the tower, on July 3 the Ministry of Culture of Russia announced that the tower will not be demolished,[3] and in September 2014 that Moscow City Council had placed a preservation order on the tower in order to safeguard it.[4][5]

In January 2017 the RTRS has placed a request for tender for a plan to renovate and preserve the monument.[6]

Models[edit]

There is a model of Shukhov's Shabolovka Tower at the Information Age gallery at the Science Museum in London. The model is at 1:30 scale and was installed in October 2014.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

(in English)

  1. ^ a b Stevens, Susannah (9 April 2014). "Shukhov Tower: The Eiffel of the East". BBCNews. BBC. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Kimmelman, Michael (March 16, 2014). "Broadcasting a Plea to Save a Historic Tower". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ "Стражники Башни". Новая газета - Novayagazeta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  4. ^ Penny Sarchet (2 September 2014). "Soviet-era hyperboloid tower saved from destruction". New Scientist. 
  5. ^ "Moscow Puts Iconic Shukhov Tower on Protected Landmark List". The Moscow Times. Aug 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Шуховская башня". РИА Новости (in Russian). 20170319T0404+0300Z. Retrieved 2018-07-07.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2015-01-28. 

(in German)

(in French)

  • Picon, Antoine (dir.), "L'art de l'ingenieur : constructeur, entrepreneur, inventeur", Éditions du Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1997, ISBN 2-85850-911-5
  • Fausto Giovannardi "Vladimir Shukhov e la leggerezza dell'acciaio" at www.giovannardierontini.it

External links[edit]

(in English)

(in Chinese)