Shullsburg, Wisconsin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shullsburg
City
Location of Shullsburg in Lafayette County, Wisconsin.
Location of Shullsburg in Lafayette County, Wisconsin.
Shullsburg is located in Wisconsin
Shullsburg
Shullsburg
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 42°34′26″N 90°13′55″W / 42.57389°N 90.23194°W / 42.57389; -90.23194Coordinates: 42°34′26″N 90°13′55″W / 42.57389°N 90.23194°W / 42.57389; -90.23194
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountyLafayette
First settled1827
First platting1846
Founded byJesse Shull
Area
 • Total1.33 sq mi (3.45 km2)
 • Land1.33 sq mi (3.45 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
980 ft (300 m)
Population
 • Total1,226
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
1,207
 • Density904.80/sq mi (349.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
53586
Area code(s)608
FIPS code55-73825
GNIS feature ID1574081
WebsiteCity of Shullsburg
The Shullsburg Community Townsend Center

Shullsburg is a city in Lafayette County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,226 at the 2010 census. The city is adjacent to the Town of Shullsburg. Founded in 1827 it is one of the oldest settlements in Wisconsin. There are 34 buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places[4] on its historic Water Street Commercial District. It is located within the Midwestern Driftless Area and is known for its history of lead mining and its cheese industry.

Buildings on Water Street

History[edit]

Shullsburg was founded during the 1820's in parts by Jesse Shull and Henry Gratiot and due to their ventures into lead mining. Following the Black Hawk War conflict Gratiot's Grove (Wisconsin) and other small settlements consolidated into Shullsburg. In 1841 Missionary Priest Samuel Mazzuchelli platted the Northeast section of town and named the streets after the virtues of life[5]. After arrival of railroad in the 1880's the Water Street Commercial District saw the construction of its many brick and limestone buildings. The Shullsburg High School was built in 1900 designed by the town physician Dr. C.C. Gratiot. The 8-Acre Badger Park, designed by Phelps Wyman, was completed in 1942[5] by the Works Progress Administration and lights were installed at its baseball park in 1948[5]. In 1974 the Emily Franz Scholarship Fund was formed to help high school students pay for college and is today worth 1.8 million dollars.[6] The last working lead mine in the Upper Midwest Lead District closed at Shullsburg in 1979[7] and the town fell on hard times. During the 1990's and 2000's the restoration of buildings became important to building preservationists. In 2001 a new library and community center was built with private funds only. In 2016 it was named a Wisconsin Main Street Community.[8]

St. Matthews Church and Parish[edit]

Founded in 1835 by Samuel Mazzuchelli, St. Matthews is one of the oldest catholic parishes in Wisconsin. In 1852 construction of the current church began and was completed and dedicated on Saint Patrick's Day 1861. The Greek Revival architecture of the church stands on the towns highest point. It is built of limestone quarried from the local Rennick Quarry. During the 1890's an "impoverished artist" was hired to paint the Stations of the Cross and are known today for the beautiful depictions. In 1907 the steeple was felled in a storm and was replaced the following year along with the placement of the stained glass windows. Today the sextagonal steeple stands at 135 feet tall with a 12 foot cross. In 1918 an adjoining parochial school was built and staffed by Sisters of Mercy and it served students until 1969. In 2010 the parish celebrated its 175th anniversary with a mass led by Bishop Robert C. Morlino[9].

Shullsburg School[edit]

The Shullsburg K-12 School is a Romanesque structured built of cut limestone in 1900. It is highlighted by arched windows and three arched door openings that form arcades across the buildings facade. The building was designed by physician and school board member Dr. C.C. Gratiot. Gratiot designed many homes and commercial buildings in Shullsburg[10]. In 1942 a gymnasium was built of matching limestone with crews provided by the Works Progress Administration. Another gym addition occurred in 1996. Today (2019) the K-12 school serves the community of Shullsburg and 360 students[11].

St. Matthews Shullsburg.jpg


Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.11 square miles (2.87 km2), all of it land.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,168
18901,39319.3%
19001,250−10.3%
19101,068−14.6%
19201,1588.4%
19301,041−10.1%
19401,19715.0%
19501,3069.1%
19601,3241.4%
19701,3763.9%
19801,4847.8%
19901,236−16.7%
20001,2460.8%
20101,226−1.6%
Est. 20171,207[3]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 1,226 people, 534 households, and 324 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,106 people per square mile. There were 549 housing units at an average density of 499 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.1% White, 0.2% Asian, and 0.2% from two or more races.[15][16][17]

There were 534 households of which 60.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.3 and the average family size was 2.96.[17]

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.[18]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 28, 2019.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Roughly Water St. from Judgement to Kennedy Sts. and Gratiot St. from Water to Church Sts. | National or State Registers Record". Wisconsin Historical Society. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  5. ^ a b c The Sesquicentennial history of Shullsburg, 1827-1977. Badger Historical Society of Shullsburg. 1983. OCLC 12895658.
  6. ^ "Decades after death, teacher still aids students". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  7. ^ "Calumet Mine (Calumet and Hecla Mine; C&H Mine; Shullsburg Mine; Eagle Picher), Shullsburg area, Upper Mississippi Valley District, Lafayette Co., Wisconsin, USA". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  8. ^ http://www.telegraphherald.com/news/tri-state/article_7ee56fe4-4330-5306-9d54-3b9eaaa2036c.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Celebrating 175 years of faith in Shullsburg". madisoncatholicherald.org. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  10. ^ "444 N JUDGEMENT ST | Property Record". Wisconsin Historical Society. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  11. ^ apps2.dpi.wi.gov https://apps2.dpi.wi.gov/sdpr/home. Retrieved 2019-02-27. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ "Shullsburg, Wisconsin". City-Data.com. City-Data. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  19. ^ Lou Blonger's military pension file, filed 1887-11-05, retrieved 2009-07-10.
  20. ^ "Dictionary of Wisconsin History - Wisconsin Historical Society".
  21. ^ Henry S. Magoon's page on the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved 2009-09-10
  22. ^ "WARNER, William - Biographical Information".
  23. ^ "404 Error: File Not Found - Wisconsin Historical Society".
  24. ^ Howard Kyle Dies, Veteran of the Stage. The New York Times, December 2, 1950, p. 13
  25. ^ "404 Error: File Not Found - Wisconsin Historical Society".
  26. ^ "404 Error: File Not Found - Wisconsin Historical Society".
  27. ^ 'Report of the Proceedings of the State Bar Association of Wisconsin,' vol. 3, Wisconsin State Bar Association: 1901, Biographical Sketch of Philemon B. Simpson, pg. 538-361
  28. ^ a b c "The Blue Book of the State of Wisconsin for ..." 1 January 1893 – via Google Books.
  29. ^ 'Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin' volume 9, Lyman Copeland Draper, Wisconsin historical Society: 1909, Wisconsin Necrology-1880, pg. 447
  30. ^ 'Wisconsin blue Book 1895,' Biographical Sketch of James W. Frreman, pg. 683
  31. ^ http://www.mindat.org/loc-8727.html

External links[edit]