Shumen Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 43°15′N 27°0′E / 43.250°N 27.000°E / 43.250; 27.000

Shumen Province

Област Шумен
Location of Shumen Province in Bulgaria
Location of Shumen Province in Bulgaria
CountryBulgaria
CapitalShumen
Municipalities10
Government
 • GovernorStefan Zhelev
Area
 • Total3,389.7 km2 (1,308.8 sq mi)
Population
(February 2011)[2]
 • Total180 528
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
License plateH
Websiteoblastshumen.icon.bg

Shumen Province (Bulgarian: Област Шумен, transliterated Oblast Shumen, former name Shumen okrug) is a province in northeastern Bulgaria named after its main city Shumen. It is divided into 10 municipalities with a total population, as of December 2009, of 194,090 inhabitants.[2][3][4]

The Main City[edit]

The city of Shumen is famous in the region for the Monument to 1300 Years of Bulgaria. The monument is in the cubist style and is 1300 steps (each step representing a year) above the center of the town. Other places of note are the Shumen fortress, Tombul Mosque,and Shumen Plato National park. The center of the town has a historical museum, large library, and large theater. The municipality building, also in the center, has a concert hall that features regular symphony performances. Shumen is also the location of the Shumensko Brewery, a popular beer in Bulgaria. The area surrounding Shumen plays a significant part in Bulgarian History with the first and second capitols of historical Bulgaria within thirty kilometers from the city.

Municipalities[edit]

The Shumen Province contains 10 municipalities (singular: община, obshtina - plural: общини, obshtini). The following table shows each municipality's name in English and Cyrillic, main town (in bold) or village, and population as of December 2009.

Municipality Cyrillic Pop.[2][3][4] Town/Village Pop.[3][5][6][7][8]
(December 2009)
Venets Венец 6,905 Venets 725
Varbitsa Върбица 10,492 Varbitsa 3,585
Hitrino Хитрино 6,423 Hitrino 715
Kaolinovo Каолиново 12,251 Kaolinovo 1,538
Kaspichan Каспичан 8,871 Kaspichan 3,260
Nikola Kozlevo Никола Козлево 6,381 Nikola Kozlevo 789
Novi Pazar Нови пазар 18,476 Novi Pazar 12,673
Veliki Preslav Велики Преслав 15,292 Veliki Preslav 8,951
Smyadovo Смядово 7,402 Smyadovo 4,036
Shumen Шумен 101,597 Shumen 86,824

Population[edit]

The Shumen province had a population of 204,395 (204,378 also given) according to a 2001 census, of which 48.8% were male and 51.2% were female.[9] As of the end of 2009, the population of the province, announced by the Bulgarian National Statistical Institute, numbered 194,090[2] of which 22.7% are inhabitants aged over 60 years.[10]

The following table represents the change of the population in the province after World War II:

Shumen Province
Year 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2007 2009 2011
Population 222,141 224,705 243,416 253,437 254,884 220,320 204,395 198,106 196,559 194,090 180 528
Sources: National Statistical Institute,[2] „Census 2001“,[3] „Census 2011“,[4] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,??

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic groups in Shumen Province (2011 census)
Ethnic group Percentage
Bulgarians
59.2%
Turks
30.3%
Romani
8.2%
others and indefinable
2.3%

Total population (2011 census): 180,528

By self-identified ethnicity (167,952 people):[11]

  • Bulgarians: 99,446 (59.21%)
  • Turks: 50,878 (30.29%)
  • Romani: 13,847 (8.24%)
  • Others and indefinable: 3,781 (2.25%)

A further 12,000 people did not declare their ethnic group.

Self-identified ethnic group according to the 2001 census (204,378 people out of the total population of 204,395, with percentage of total population):[12]

Religion[edit]

Religions in Shumen Province (2001 census)
Religious group Percentage
Orthodox Christian
59.1%
Muslim
35.5%
Protestant Christian
0.7%
Roman Catholic Christian
0.2%
others and indefinable
4.5%

Religious adherence in the province according to 2001 census:[13]

Census 2001
religious adherence population %
Orthodox Christians 120,787 59.10%
Muslims 72,544 35.50%
Protestants 1,472 0.72%
Roman Catholics 386 0.19%
Other 821 0.40%
Religion not mentioned 8,368 4.09%
total 204,378 100%

Transportation[edit]

Shumen lies on the main route between Varna and Sofia and is served by numerous trains and buses serving the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]