Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna
Participant in the Second Libyan Civil War
Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna Logo.jpeg
Active12 December 2014 – 11 May 2018 (3 years, 5 months, 4 weeks and 2 days) [1][2][3]
IdeologyIslamism
Jihadism
LeadersSalim Derby (-2015) 
Yusuf Bin Tahir
Nasser Akr 
Ateyah Al-Shaari (-2018)
Area of operationsDerna
BecameDerna Protection Force
Opponent(s) ISIL
Libya Operation Dignity coalition
Battles and war(s)Libyan Civil War (2014–present)

The Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna was a coalition of Islamist militias that advocate the implementation of Sharia law within Derna, Libya. Besides seeking to implement strict social mores in Derna, the alliance was known for its open opposition to Khalifa Haftar[4] and the Libyan affiliates of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).[5]

On 11 May 2018, the Shura Council was dissolved as result of reversals during the Battle of Derna (2018), and replaced by the Derna Protection Force.[6]

Background[edit]

The Shura Council of Mujahideen in Derna was created by former Libyan Islamic Fighting Group member Salim Derby on 12 December 2014.[7] The group frequently clashed with ISIL in Derna in disputes over power and resources in the city. In June 2015, ISIL gunmen killed senior Shura Council leader Nasser Akr. The group responded by declaring a Jihad against ISIL. Salim Derby was killed on 11th of June 2015[8], As a result of the ensuing clashes.[5]

The Shura Council was known to have close ties to the militant Egyptian al-Mourabitoun network of Hesham Ashmawy.[9]

Members[edit]

At its founding, the council included the following groups:

Further reading[edit]

  • Truitte, Kevin. "The Derna Mujahideen Shura Council: A Revolutionary Islamist Coalition in Libya" (PDF). www.universiteitleiden.nl. Retrieved 2019-01-15.

References[edit]