Shurdhah Island

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Shurdhah
Medieval church ruins on Shurdhah Island.jpg
Medieval church ruins
Geography
Coordinates 42°04′12″N 19°39′11″E / 42.07000°N 19.65306°E / 42.07000; 19.65306
Area 0.075 km2 (0.029 sq mi)
Highest elevation 290 m (950 ft)
Administration
Albania

Shurdhah Island (Albanian: Ishulli i Shurdhahit) is an island in northern Albania. Shurdhah Island is located in the Vau i Dejës Reservoir, which is fed and drained by the river Drin. It is the largest island in the reservoir with an area of 7.5 hectares. From the most northern tip of the island to the most southern tip of it, it has an estimated length of 390 m (1,280 ft). It is mainly covered by trees. It is accessible by tourist boat in summer from the Vau i Dejës dam or Rragam.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the original Illyrian settlement was Sarda (Albanian Sardë, Greek Sardoniki). Later, the name was changed to Shurdha which means 'deaf' in Albanian. The name changed while Albania was an Atheist Communist state, when due to the strong religious connection of the island, it was forgotten.

History[edit]

Foundations of a Roman fort have been discovered here, along with the earliest remains dating from the 6th-8th century AD.

Sarda was founded between the 6th and 8th centuries BC. The town was strategically located on the old road from Shkodër to Gjakova and served as a resting point along the trade route.[1] The city largely flourished from the 8th to the 13th centuries and was an important cultural and religious center. Within the city there were 365 altars, each devoted to a different saint. It gained its highest importance in the 12th century, when it was the seat of the joint bishop of Sapa and Sarda.

The island was the original settlement of the feudal Lekë Dukagjini patriarch, famous for the rules of the Kanun.[2] It was ravaged by the Ottomans in 1491.[3]

In 1973, when the dam was completed, the city of Sarda became an island on the left bank of the river Drin.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

Around 1100 a Diocese of Sarda was established on the island. No residential incumbents available.

The see of Sardë shortly comprised also the Diocese of Dagnum (Dagno, Daynum, Danj; Daynensis), founded as suffragan of Archbishopric of Antivari (now Bar, in Montenegro) during the second half of the fourteenth century, which was united with Sarda by Pope Martin V in 1428.

The bishopric of Sardë (Sardoniki) itself was suppressed no later then 1600, allegedly in 1491 when Pope Innocent VIII joined it to the Diocese of Sapë (Sappa), and the united sees were suffragans in the ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Antivari until the end of the eighteenth century.

Titular see[edit]

In 1933 the diocese was nominally restored as Titular bishopric of Sarda.

It has had the following incumbents of the fitting episcopal (lowest) rank, with an archiepiscopal exception :

Tourism[edit]

One can visit the ruins of the 11th-century medieval castle, which includes two rings of defensive walls and towers (some sadly submerged in the lake), the remains of a Byzantine church and other early medieval walls. The setting on the steep rocks rising from the lake is especially impressive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tourist brochure on the Shkodër County website
  2. ^ Jubica, Irhan. "Shkodra, vendi i gjenezës" (in Albanian). Albanian Travel Magazine. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ Elsie, Robert (2010). Historical dictionary of Albania. Plymouth: Scarecrow Press. p. 396. ISBN 978-0-8108-6188-6. 

Sources and external links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°04′12″N 19°39′11″E / 42.07000°N 19.65306°E / 42.07000; 19.65306