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Nomadic groups
LocationTrans-Jordanian highlands

Shutu /ˈʃt/ or Sutu /ˈst/ is the name given in ancient Akkadian language sources to certain nomadic groups of the Trans-Jordanian highlands, extending deep into Mesopotamia and Southern Iraq. Many scholars have speculated that "Shutu" may be a variant of the Egyptian term Shasu.[citation needed]

An Egyptian execration text of the 17th century BCE refers to an "Ayyab" (possibly a variant form of the name Job) as king of the Shutu. Some scholars have tenuously identified the Shutu as the progenitors of the Moabites and Ammonites.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  • Baikie, James. The Amarna Age: A Study of the Crisis of the Ancient World. University Press of the Pacific, 2004.
  • Cohen, Raymond and Raymond Westbrook (eds.). Amarna Diplomacy: The Beginnings of International Relations. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
  • Moran, William L. (ed. and trans.) The Amarna Letters. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8018-4251-4.
  • Redford, Donald. Egypt, Canaan and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-691-00086-7.
  • Rainey, Anson. The Sacred Bridge. Carta, 2005. ISBN 978-9652205292