Shvetsov M-25

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M-25
Shvetsov M-25A.jpg
Type Radial engine
Manufacturer Shvetsov
Number built 13,888
Developed from Wright R-1820
Developed into Shvetsov ASh-62

The Shvetsov M-25 was an aircraft radial engine produced in the Soviet Union (USSR) in the 1930s and 1940s, a licensed production variant of the Wright R-1820-F3.

Design and development[edit]

The first M-25s were produced from kits imported from the United States; the main difference between the later M-25 and the R-1820-F3 was the use of metric components. 13,888 M-25s were produced in the USSR at factories in Perm and Kazan. There were a number of sub-variants which differed from the original M-25 in that they had reduction gears, rather than direct drive. Performance was similar to the equivalent Wright engines. The M-25 was later developed into the ASh-62 and was later used as a pattern for the M-70. The M-70, a twin-row 18-cylinder engine, eventually developed into the ASh-73 which powered the Tupolev Tu-4, a reverse-engineered copy of the Boeing B-29.

Applications[edit]

Specifications (Shvetsov M-25)[edit]

Family tree of Shvetsov engines

General characteristics

  • Type: 9-cylinder, air-cooled, radial engine
  • Bore: 6.125 in (155.6 mm)
  • Stroke: 6.875 in (174 mm)
  • Displacement: 1,823.1 in³ (29.876 L)
  • Dry weight: 499 kg (1,100 lb)

Components

  • Supercharger: Single speed, single stage, geared centrifugal supercharger
  • Fuel system: 1 K-25 (Solex) Carburetor

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development

Related lists

References[edit]

  • Gunston, Bill (1986). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens. p. 175.
  • Kotelnikov, Vladimir (2005). Russian Piston Aero Engines. Crowood Press Ltd. pp. 118–119.