Shwemawdaw Pagoda

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Shwemawdaw Pagoda
ရွှေမောဓော ဘုရား
Shwemawdaw Pagoda, Bago.jpg
Shwemawdaw Pagoda is located in Myanmar
Shwemawdaw Pagoda
Shown within Myanmar
Basic information
Geographic coordinates 17°20′13″N 96°29′49″E / 17.3368744°N 96.496954°E / 17.3368744; 96.496954Coordinates: 17°20′13″N 96°29′49″E / 17.3368744°N 96.496954°E / 17.3368744; 96.496954
Affiliation Buddhism
Sect Theravada Buddhism
Festival Shwemawdaw Pagoda Festival (Tagu)
Municipality Bago
Region Bago Region
Country Myanmar
Status active
Completed 10th century
Height (max) 114 m (374 ft)

The Shwemawdaw Pagoda (Burmese: ရွှေမောဓော ဘုရား [ʃwè mɔ̀dɔ́ pʰəjá]; Mon: ကျာ်မုဟ်တ [tɕaɪʔmṵtú]) is a stupa located in Bago, Myanmar. It is often referred to as the Golden God Temple. At 114 metres (374 ft) in height, the Shwemadaw holds the record for the tallest pagoda in the country although the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon is usually credited as the tallest pagoda in Myanmar (at 98 metres (322 ft)). Shwemadaw, along with the Shwedagon and Kyaiktiyo, are famous Mon pagodas. The pagoda's annual festival is a 10-day affair that takes place during the Burmese month of Tagu.[1]

History[edit]

The Shwemawdaw Paya was originally built around the 10th century, C.E. It was destroyed several times due to earthquakes, including one in 1917 and another in 1930. Portions of the fallen pre-1917 version of the Paya remain at the site. The original version of the pagoda was approximately 21 metres (69 ft) tall, built by the Mon supposedly to hold two hairs of the Buddha. Allegedly, the hairs were given personally to two Mon merchants named Mahasala and Kullasala by the Buddha on a trip to India. Tooth relics were also added to the pagoda in 982 and 1385. Further additions to the temple include a bell from King Dhammazedi, a crown from King Bayinnaung, and a spire umbrella from King Bodawpaya. The current stupa, as of its most recent rebuilding, stands at 374 feet, making it the tallest in Myanmar.

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaw Winn (28 April 2008). "Shwemawdaw Pagoda welcomes in the New Year". Myanmar Times. Archived from the original on 8 November 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 

External links[edit]