Shyamnagar, West Bengal

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Shyamnagar
শ্যামনগর
Suburb of Kolkata
Shyamnagar railway station
Shyamnagar railway station
Nickname(s): formerly known as MULAJORE
Shyamnagar is located in West Bengal
Shyamnagar
Shyamnagar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°50′N 88°22′E / 22.83°N 88.37°E / 22.83; 88.37Coordinates: 22°50′N 88°22′E / 22.83°N 88.37°E / 22.83; 88.37
Country  India
State West Bengal
Metropolition Region kolkata
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 441,956
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English, Hindi
 • Spoken languages

Bengali, English,

Hindi,
Ethnicity
 • Ethnic groups

Bengali, Marwari, Bihari,

Others
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743127
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Sex ratio 9:11 /
Website www.shyamnagar.com

Shyamnagar is a town in the district of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal. It is considered one of the major development hubs in the district. It is situated around 30 km away from Kolkata.

Geography[edit]

Shyamnagar is located at 22°50′N 88°22′E / 22.83°N 88.37°E / 22.83; 88.37 in the Ganges Delta at an elevation[1] of 2 m (6.6 ft). It is spread linearly along the banks of the River Hooghly in a north-south direction. Much of the city was originally a vast wetland, reclaimed over the decades to accommodate the city's burgeoning population.[2] The remaining wetland, known as East Calcutta Wetlands has been designated a "wetland of international importance" under the Ramsar Convention.[3]

Like the most of the Indo-Gangetic plains, the predominant soil and water type is alluvial. Quaternary sediments consisting of clay, silt, various grades of sand and gravel underlie the city. These sediments are sandwiched between two clay beds, the lower one at depths between 250 m (820 ft) and 650 m (2,133 ft) and the upper one ranging between 10 m (33 ft) and 40 m (131 ft) in thickness.[4] According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone-III, in a scale of I to V (in order of increasing proneness to earthquakes)[5] while the wind and cyclone zoning is "very high damage risk", according to UNDP report.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Shyamnagar comes under Barrackpur sub div. had a population of 441,956. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Shyamnagar has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 78% and female literacy of 66%. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The jute mills drew in a large labor force from the neighboring states of Bihar and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area.Also, a sizeable portion of the youths are engaged in the foreign and Indian Multinational companies who are opening their offices in the Salt Lake and Rajarhat area of Kolkata.[7]

History[edit]

The name of Shyamngar came from a folk etymology of Samne+ garh (সামনে+ গঢ়),which in course of time changed to Shyamnagar.

MULAJORE KALIBARI
Great banyan tree in front of Kalibari

During the rule of Raja Krishnachandra Roy of Krishnanagar, the king gave the village called 'Mulajore' along with a title of ROY GUNAKAR to his court poet Bharatchandra Ray. In memory of Bharat Chandra Roy Gunakar there is an old and historic library named Bharat Chandra Library. It is situated close to the railway station.

Relatives of Rabindranath Tagore had set up Mulajor Kalibari at Shyamnagar in North 24 Parganas and it is unknown to many people. Visit the temple beside Hooghly River that is located in an eye soothing natural scene. One of the priests said the temple was constructed on 31 Baishak in 1219 Bengali year around 200 years ago beside Hooghly River even before Dakhineswar Kali temple was set up by Rani Rashmoni Devi. Six priests are engaged for offering puja to goddess Kali and one of the temple priests said. "No dedicated book had been written on this temple and gradually history is fading away but we know relatives of Rabindranath Tagore constructed this temple".

Srijit Thakur is the surviving member of the Thakur family whose ancestors set up the temple, lives in ‘Rajbari’at Pathuriaghata Street near Natunbazar in Kolkata. Once upon a time Rabindranath Tagore’s ancestor Khitish Kusari came from Jessore District in Bangladesh to West Bengal and his next generation was Bhattanaryan and later Dinanath Kusari. "Dinanath’s son Panchanan got the title thakur since then his family member used to write the title Thakur instead of Kusari," said a priest . Jairam Thakur (Kusari) was latter generation had four sons- Anandiram, Nilmoni, Darpanarayan and Gobindaram. Prince Dwarkanath Tagore was the next generation of Anandiram, whose son was Debendranath and Rabindranath was his eighth son. Rabindranath however became "bramho" and did not believe in idol worshipping. It had not been known whether he ever visited the temple. Gopimohan Thakur, the son of Darpanarayan founded the temple. Gopimohan had two sons Prsanna Kumar and Harakumar and daughter Brahmamoyee.

Prasanna Kumar had one son Pradyot Kumar and Harakumar had Jatindramohan. Surviving member Srijit Thakur is the son of Prabirendra Mohan, who was the son of Pradyot Kumar. According to local tale that the present place of the Kali temple was occupied of ‘Nandi’ (caste) and ‘Pirali’ so experienced priest from ‘Bhatpara toll (Sanskrit educational institution) ’ used to refuse offering puja to the goddess Mulajore Shyamnagar Kali as a result priests were brought from Bankura, Burdwan and other places. Later a Sanskrit College was set up by the king Gopimohan Thakur as a matter of pride and to make erudite Sanskrit students. Students were accommodated in this college hostel they used to take Prasad in the temple as a lunch and dinner. Ramkumar Chattopadhyaya, elder brother of Ramakrishna Dev was the student of this college. But instead of reconstructing that dilapidated building, a heritage building of the locality with its Ionic pillars Rabindra Bhawan was set up by municipality replacing the college, ignoring the sense of heritage.

Overview[edit]

Shyamnagar Kalibari(Mulajore kalibari)
Rabindra Bhavan

Shyamnagar is situated on the east bank of the Ganges. A famous Kali Temple is situated in between Shyamnagar railway station and river Ganges is known as Mulajore Kalibari. An auditorium named Rabindra Bhavan was built by Bhatpara Municipality by the side of this Kali Temple.It was said that there was a Sanskrit College in the Nineteenth century and Pandit Vidyasagar used to visit over there. A fair called Poush Mela is organised every year in Poush Mash according to Bengali calendar and between December and January in English calendar. The place becomes holy with the blessings of the goddesses Kali and Ganga. The Shyamnagar Book Fair is organised by Shubhas Shanga Club Battala every year at the time of Poush Mela at Kalibari area. Other than the Mulajore Kalibari there are three other famous Kali Bari (Kali Temple) situated in Shyamnagar. They are Chowrangi Kalibari, Sidhheswari Kalibari and Rakshakali temple. There is also one Buddhist monastery situated by the railway line.

Culture[edit]

The place is rich in culture and sports especially football.It is proud of the three exponents, Pandit Ajoy Chakraborty in classical music,who left Shyamnagar and settled in Kolkata (Naktala, Tollygunge) and Subrata Bhattacharya in football. Other prominent footballers from Shyamanagar are ex-Olympian Kesto Pal, Mahabir Prasad & Asoklal Banerjee, Prasanta Mitra, Sumit Mukherjee etc. An annual book fair is held in the Kali Bari grounds during the first week of January. This bookfare was started by a group of Some young man in 2001. Notable Bengali writer Troilokyanath Mukhopadhyay had his origin from Rahuta in Shyamnagar.

Shyamnagar is the famous for Durga Puja and Kali Puja. Visharjan (Immersion) of Maa Durga on Dusserha is also famous. It attracts many people to enjoy the Visharjana. Ganga is an eminent point at the time of Visharjana.

The most Prominent Clubs of Shyamnagar-Authpur are:

  1. Battala Netaji Subhash Sangha
  2. Pratik Sangha
  3. Basudebpur Road Sarbojanin
  4. Tarun Dal,
  5. Sabuj Sangha,
  6. Yuger Pratik,
  7. Tarun Sangha,
  8. Provati Sangha
  9. Nabajiban Sangha,
  10. Santigarh Young Association,
  11. Battala Young Star Club,
  12. Jhautala Friends' Club
  13. Athpur Aguan Anushilani, Authpur near Shyamnagar
  14. Surya Sena Sporting Club
  15. Chhatra Sangathan Club
  16. Saheb bagan sporting club
  17. Subrata Pally
  18. Rahuta Football Ground
  19. Young Staff, Shalbagan
  20. Suhrid Sangha, Gurdaha
  21. Kalyan Sangha Club, Gurdaha Nutan Pally.
  22. Sangharshi Club
  23. Companion Athletics Friends' Club[8]
  24. Nagbagan Elo-Melo Sangha, Nagbagan
  25. Udayan Sangh, Authpur, Near Shyamnagar
  26. Sitalapara Sporting Club
  27. Kalyan Sangha ( a club)•
  28. Sastitala Young Star Club
  29. Natunpally
  30. 2 No Garh Shyamnagar Sporting Club

Companies and factories[edit]

Exide Industries Limited[edit]

  • Exide’s range and scale of manufacturing operations can be matched by few companies in the world. Together, they produce an annual output of 8 Million Units in Automobile batteries (including batteries for motor-cycle applications), and over 600 Million Ampere-Hours of Industrial Power.
  • Apart from the conventional Flooded Flat Plate batteries for Automotive application, Exide also produces industrial range of batteries, which includes, Flooded - Flat plate, Flooded - Tubular plate, Flooded - Plante and Sealed Maintenance Free VRLA batteries. Miners’ Cap Lamp Batteries are also produced.
  • Exide is the only producer of Submarine batteries in India and one of the few in the world.

Nicco Corporation Limited - Cable Division[edit]

Nicco Corporation Limited - Cable Division - Shyamnagar, an ISO 9001:2008 & 14001:2004 certified unit.

Nicco Corporation Limited - Cable Division, an ISO 9001:2008 & 14001:2004 certified unit, is located on East Ghosh Para Road, Athpur, Shyamnagar, on the banks of river Ganga.

The plant at Shyamnagar produces the following types of cables:-

  • Elastomeric cables for host of applications- Mining, Railways, Steel/Power/Petrochem Plants, Shipboard, Heavy Engineering, and Material Handling.
  • Large range of specialized cable for Defence (e.g. Water tight cables and buoyant cables).
  • Electron Beam Irradiated Cables for a wide range of applications.
  • XLPE & PVC power and control cables (including Flame Retardant, Low Smoke, Low Halogen (FRLS & LSZH).
  • Zero halogen fire survival category (FS).
  • Array of highly specialized Instrumentation, Data Transmission and miniature cables (including Fluoroplastic category).
  • Special high temperature conductors (Kapton covered).
  • Overhead Grooved conductors for Railway electrification.

Ramsarup Industries Limited[edit]

An inside view of Ramsarup Industries Limited, Shyamnagar TMT manufacturing unit
Factory view of Ramsarup Industries Limited, Shyamnagar TMT manufacturing unit
  • Ramsarup Industries Limited, an ISO 9001:2000 unit, took over the Steel Division of Nicco Corporation Ltd in August 2002. The above unit is engaged in manufacturing of TMT Bars, Wire Rods and Steel Wires.
  • Installed capacity of TMT Bars (Re-inforcement & Debars) - 167000 MTs & Steel Wires - 36000 Mts.
  • Only producer in India to provide complete range of 8mm to 40mm Bars using Thermex Technology.
  • Supplier to large projects and companies and registered with Contractor of NHPC, NTPC, CPWD, Nuclear Power Corporation etc.

Apart from the above factories, there are other renowned factories:

  1. Annapurna Cotton Mills
  2. Gouri Shankar Jute Mills
  3. Hindustan Lever (Dalda Division) - presently changed the name.

Transport[edit]

Ferry services in Shyamnagar
Overbridge of Shyamnagar Railway Station. Connecting station number 1 (right hand) to the rest number of stations, i.e. 2 (seen on left side), 3 and 4.

Trains[edit]

Local and passenger trains are available every now and then to go to Kolkata, Budge-Budge, Majerhat, Katwa. Not only the Sealdah-Ranaghat and Barddhaman local (via Bandel) but also all of the Sealdah main line trains crosses from the heart of the town as well.The famous Maitri Express, connecting not just two cities Kolkata to Dhaka but two countries, passes from this town.

Aeroplanes[edit]

Dum Dum Airport, better known as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is less than 30 km from here and well connected by roadways.

Buses[edit]

It is served by two major roadways of the district - Ghoshpara Road and Kalyani Expressway. Both of them are well connected with the capital city of west Bengal, Kolkata. Few bus services available from various locations are: 1. Route no. 85 - a private bus service connecting Kanchrapara on one side to Barrackpore on the other. 2. WBSTC - a government bus service connecting shyamnagar to Garia (South Kolkata). 3. WBSTC - a government bus service connecting shyamnagar to Technopolis [JM 8] (From Naihati). 4. CSTC - another bus service connecting Shyamnagar to Digha (From Habra Bus Depot).

Ferry[edit]

Regular ferry services are available on river hooghly from Shyamnagar to Bhadreshwar (Chandanagore) at a regular interval of 15 minutes.

Education[edit]

Shyamnagar's schools are either run by the state government or by private organisations. Schools mainly use Bengali or English as the medium of instruction, though Hindi is also used. The schools are affiliated with any of the following — West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), and the National Institute of Open School (NIOS). Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in a 2-year junior college (also known as a pre-university) or in schools with a higher secondary facility affiliated with West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education, ICSE or CBSE. Students usually choose from one of three streams — liberal arts, commerce, or science, though vocational streams are also available. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enrol in general or professional degree programmes.

St Augustines Day School, established in 1975 by Edna Gasper is an English-medium school with 1400 students from Nursery to Class XII.

List of some Reputed Schools in Shyamnagar :

  1. St. Augustines' Day School
  2. Authpur National Model H.S School
  3. Shyamnagar Kanti Chandra High School
  4. Mulajore Sitanath Pathsala High School
  5. Shyamnagar Balika Vidyalaya (HS)
  6. Authpur High (H/S) School at Authpur 1 kilometre away from Shyamnagar. This school was inaugurated by Ishwar Chandara Vidyasagar. Oldest school in Authpur-Shyamnagar locality.
  7. Authpur Balika Vidyalaya (HS), Authpur
  8. Shyamnagar Rishi Aravinda School (Boys)
  9. Shyamnagar Rishi Aravinda Balika Vidyalaya (Girls)
  10. Jawaharlal Nehru Smrity Vidya Mandir
  11. Mandalpara Vidya Niketan
  12. Mandalpara Girls' High School
  13. Shree Gouri Shanker Jute Mills High School
  14. Swami Vivekananda High school;(vocational education/ civil engineering & Agriculture )x+2 Level
  15. Brahmamayee Vidyamandir
  16. Shantigarh Nivanani Smriti Vidyapith
  17. Harakh Chand Kankaria Jain Vidyalaya[9]
  18. Green Park School Kankinara
  19. Shyama Chandra H.S School

Administrative[edit]

  • on the main road of the town, there is always the Barrackpore City Police Jip use to patrolling round the clock.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Jaipur, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2016-12-19. 
  2. ^ "An Introduction". History of Kolkata. Catchcal.com. Archived from the original on 11 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-29. 
  3. ^ Roy Chadhuri, S.; Thakur, A. R. (2006-07-25). "Microbial genetic resource mapping of East Calcutta wetlands" (PDF). Current Science. Indian Academy of Sciences. 91 (2): 212–217. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  4. ^ Bunting SW, Kundu N, Mukherjee M. "Situation Analysis. Production Systems and Natural Resources Use in PU Kolkata" (PDF). Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, UK. p. 3. Retrieved 2006-04-26. 
  5. ^ a b "Hazard profiles of Indian districts" (PDF). National Capacity Building Project in Disaster Management. UNDP. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-19. Retrieved 2006-08-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  8. ^ "Companion Athletics Friends' Club". Companionafc.webs.com. Retrieved 2016-12-19. 
  9. ^ "Hck Jain Vidyalaya". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-12-19. 

External links[edit]

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