|Dame Siân Phillips|
"Crossing Borders", London, January 2011
|Born||Jane Elizabeth Ailwên Phillips
14 May 1933
Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen, West Glamorgan, Wales
|Occupation||Actress, author, singer|
(m. 1956; div. 1959)
(m. 1959; div. 1979)
(m. 1979; div. 1991)
|Children||2; including Kate O'Toole|
Phillips was born in Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen, West Glamorgan, Wales, the daughter of Sally (née Thomas), a teacher, and David Phillips, a steelworker-turned-policeman. She is a Welsh-speaker: in the first volume of her autobiography (Private Faces) she notes that she spoke only Welsh for much of her childhood, learning English by listening to the radio.
She attended Pontardawe Grammar School and was originally known there as Jane. But her Welsh teacher, Eic Davies, called her Siân, the Welsh form of Jane. Later she took up English and Philosophy at University College Cardiff.
Phillips graduated from the University of Wales in 1955. She entered RADA with a scholarship in September 1955, the same year as Diana Rigg and Glenda Jackson. She went on to win the prestigious Bancroft Gold Medal for Hedda Gabler and was offered work in Hollywood when she left RADA. While still a student she was offered three film contracts, entailing her to work for an extended period of time in the United States; but she declined, preferring to work on stage instead.
Early radio, television and stage
Phillips began acting professionally at the age of 11 with the Home Service of BBC Radio in Wales. Her first role was as a ginger tom cat. At the same age she won her first speech-and-drama award, for her performance at the National Eisteddfod held at Llandybïe in 1944, where she and a schoolfriend played the parts of two elderly men in a dramatic duologue.
She made her first British television appearance at 17 and won a Welsh acting award at 18. In 1953, while still a student at Cardiff University, she worked as a newsreader and announcer for the BBC in Wales and toured Wales in Welsh-language productions of the Welsh Arts Council.
From 1953 to 1955 Phillips was a member of the BBC Repertory Company and the National Theatre Company and toured Wales performing Welsh and English plays for the Welsh Arts Council. For the Nottingham Playhouse in 1958, she was Masha in Three Sisters. She performed as Princess Siwan in Saunders Lewis' The King's Daughter at the Hampstead Theatre Club in 1959 and as Katherine in Taming of the Shrew for the Oxford Playhouse in 1960. She was Princess Siwan again in the BBC's production of Siwan: The King's Daughter alongside Peter O'Toole with Emyr Humphrys as producer. It was broadcast on BBC One (Wales only) on 1 March 1960. From October 1958 to April 1959 she was compere of the Land of Song (Gwlad y Gân) monthly programme at TWW (Television Wales and the West) Channel 10 with baritone Ivor Emmanuel.
She made her first appearance on the London stage in 1957 when she appeared in Hermann Sudermann's Magda for RADA. Magda, about an opera diva, was her first real success in London. The play did well and benefited her career greatly; although she was only a student at the time, she was the first since Sarah Bernhardt to play the role.
In 1957 (some sources say 1959) Phillips performed the title role in Ibsen's Hedda Gabler. Many sources consider this as her London stage debut but she actually did Magda before Hedda Gabler. In September 1958 she was performing as Margaret Muir in John Hall's The Holiday at Oxford New Theatre.
In May 1958 Phillips performed as Joan in G. B. Shaw's Saint Joan, at the Belgrade Theatre in Coventry, which had opened just six weeks before, produced by Bryan Bailey. An observer described her performance: "Sian Phillips' portrayal of Joan defies the law of averages, since, after seeing Siobhan McKenna in the 1955 Arts Theatre production, I reckoned it impossible to equal within half a century. Like the Irish girl, the Welsh girl is perfect... 'This girl doesn't act Joan - she is Joan.' In short, perfection."
- Julia in The Duchess of Malfi: at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre (Stratford, 30 November 1960, opening night).
- Julia in The Duchess of Malfi: at the Aldwych Theatre (London, 15 December 1960, opening night)
- Bertha in Ondine: at the Aldwych Theatre (London, 12 January 1961, opening night)
- Miss Havisham in Great Expectations: at Royal Shakespeare Company (Stratford, 6 December 2005).
Later film and television
Her long career has included many films and television programmes, but she is probably best known for starring as Livia in the popular BBC adaptation of Robert Graves's novel I, Claudius (BBC2, 1976), for which she won the 1977 BAFTA Television Award for Best Actress, and for many appearances on the original run of Call My Bluff. She also appeared opposite her then-husband Peter O'Toole and Richard Burton in Becket (1964); as Ursula Mossbank in the musical film Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969), again starring O'Toole; once more opposite O'Toole in Murphy's War (1971); as Emmeline Pankhurst in the TV mini-series Shoulder to Shoulder (1974); as Lady Ann, the unfaithful wife of Alec Guinness's character George Smiley, in the BBC1 espionage dramas Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (1979) and Smiley's People (1982), adapted from John le Carré's eponymous novels; in Nijinsky (1980); and as the queen Cassiopeia in Clash of the Titans (1981). Another popular role was that of the Reverend Mother Gaius Helen Mohiam in David Lynch's Dune (1984) and Charal from Ewoks: The Battle for Endor (1985). She also appeared in seasons 2 and 4 (1998 and 2000) of the Canadian TV series La Femme Nikita as Adrian, the renegade founder of the powerful Section One anti-terrorist organisation. In 2001, she appeared in Ballykissangel as faith healer Consuela Dunphy in Episode 7 ('One Born Every Minute' or 'Getting Better All the Time'). Her most recent film is The Gigolos (2006) by Richard Bracewell, in which she played Lady James. In 2010, she appeared in New Tricks in the episode 'Coming out Ball' and in 2011 she appeared in the episode 'Wild Justice' in the fifth season of the television series Lewis.
Her National Theatre performances have included:
- Lady Britomart in Major Barbara: The Lyttelton Theatre (18 October 1982, opening night).
- Madam Armfeldt in A Little Night Music: Olivier Theatre (18 September 1995, opening night).
- Hope in In Bed With Magritte (1 December 1995, opening night).
- She currently appears as Madame Nielsen in 'Les Blancs' at the National Theatre.
She provided spoken-word backing to a track on Rufus Wainwright's 2007 album Release the Stars, and appeared live with him at the Old Vic Theatre in London on 31 May/1 June 2007. Phillips starred in London's West End production of Calendar Girls. Phillips played Juliet opposite Michael Byrne's Romeo in Juliet and her Romeo at the Bristol Old Vic from 10 March until 24 April 2010.
Awards and nominations
|1969||Golden Globe Award||Best Supporting Actress||Goodbye, Mr. Chips(1969)||Nominated|
|1970||National Society of Film Critics||Best Supporting Actress||Goodbye, Mr. Chips(1969)||Won|
|1976||BAFTA TV Award||Best Actress||I, Claudius & How Green Was My Valley||Won|
|1977||Royal Television Society||Best Performance||I, Claudius||Won|
|1980||Olivier Award||Best Actress in a Musical||Pal Joey||Nominated|||
|1996||Olivier Award||Best Supporting Performance in a Musical||A Little Night Music||Nominated|
|1998||Olivier Award||Best Actress in a Musical||Marlene||Nominated|
|1999||Tony Award||Best Actress in a Musical||Marlene||Nominated|||
|1999||Online Film & Television Association Award||Best Guest Actress in a Cable Series||La Femme Nikita||Nominated|
|2001||BAFTA Cymru (Wales)||Special Award||Siân Phillips||Won|
|2013||Olivier Award||Best Supporting Performance in a Musical||Cabaret||Nominated|
Phillips was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2000 Birthday Honours and Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2016 New Year Honours for services to drama.
Already pregnant with their first child, Phillips married Peter O'Toole in December 1959. They had two daughters: Kate, born 1960 and Patricia, born 1963. Patricia is a theatre practitioner, and Kate is an actress. The couple divorced in 1979, and Phillips wrote about this tempestuous period of her life in the second volume of her autobiography, Public Places.
Her third husband was actor Robin Sachs, who was 17 years her junior. Their relationship began in 1975. They were married on Christmas Eve 1979, very shortly after the divorce with O'Toole. They divorced in 1991.
She is a patron of the Bird College of Dance, Music & Theatre Performance, based in Sidcup, Greater London.
Her two-volume autobiography - Private Faces and Public Places - were published in 1999 and 2001, respectively.
Since 2005, the British Academy of Film and Television Arts Cymru (BAFTA in Wales) has presented the Tlws Sian Phillips Award to a Welshman or woman who has made a significant contribution in either a major feature film or network television programme.
- Television Playwright (1958)
- BBC Sunday Night Theatre (1959)
- Siwan the Kings Daughter (1960)
- Armchair Theatre (1961)
- Espionage (TV series) (1964)
- Becket (1964)
- Young Cassidy (1965)
- Laughter in the Dark (1969)
- Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969)
- Murphy's War (1971)
- Under Milk Wood (1972; also the 2003 BBC Radio and 2014 BBC Wales productions)
- Nijinsky (1980)
- Clash of the Titans (1981)
- Dune (1984)
- The Doctor and the Devils (1985)
- Ewoks: The Battle for Endor (1985)
- Valmont (1989)
- The Borrowers (1992 miniseries)
- The Age of Innocence (1993)
- House of America (1997)
- Alice Through the Looking Glass (1998)
- The Gigolos (2006)
- BBC - South West Wales - Hall of Fame Archived August 31, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Sian Phillips Biography (1934-)". filmreference.com. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- Contemporary Authors Online, Gale, 2008
- "Sian Phillips" BBC:Wales Arts at www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 12 December 2011
- "Sian Phillips: Stage and Screen Actress" at www.terrynorm.ic24.net. Retrieved 12 December 2011
- Dr Myron Evans. "The Actress Siân Phillips". Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- Jenny Gilbert, "How We Met: Diana Rigg and Valerie Solti" The Independent (6 September 1998). Retrieved at www.independent.co.uk, 13 December 2011
- "Sian Phillips Biography" at www.filmreference.com. Retrieved 13 December 2011
- "Sian Phillips" in Turner Classic Movies at www.tcm.com. Retrieved 13 December 2011
- "Phillips, Siân (1933-)" in BFI Screenonline at www.screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "Wales Video Gallery: Sian Phillips" (video interview) at walesvideogallery.org. Retrieved 18 December 2011
- CynbytheSea Interview with Sian Phillips (Adrian) at www.cynbythesea.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- Terri Paddock, "20 Questions With . . . Sian Phillips" in Whats On Stage (15 March 2004) at www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "Siân Phillips: Stage and Screen Actress" at www.terrynorm.ic24.net. Retrieved 13 December 2011
- Sian Phillips Biography in www.filmreference.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "Siwan: The King's Daughter" in BBC One at www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "TWW (Television Wales and the West) Channel 10" at www.78rpm.co.uk. Retrieved 24 December 2011
- "University of Kent: Special Collections Theatre Collections" at www.kent.ac.uk. Retrieved 12 December 2011
- Terri Paddock, "20 Questions With... Sian Phillips" in Whats On Stage (15 March 2004) at www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "V&A Search the Collections: Sian Phillips in The Holiday" at collections.vam.co.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2011
- "BBC Wales Arts: Siân Phillips" at www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2011
- "Sian Phillips: Milestones" in Turner Classic Movies in www.tcm.com. Retrieved 18 December 2011
- "Wales Video Gallery: Sian Phillips" (video interview) at walesvideogallery.org. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "V&A Search the Collections: Sian Phillips in The Holiday" at collections.vam.co.uk. Retrieved 12 December 2011
- Mervyn Jones, "Socialist Coventry Scores Another Triumph" Tribune Magazine (23 May 1958). Retrieved from archive.tribunemagazine.co.uk, 13 December 2011
- "Sian Phillips" BBC: Wales Arts in www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 12 December 2011
- Royal Shakespeare Company Archive Catalogue at calm.shakespeare.org..uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- National Theatre: Archive Catalogue at worthing.nationaltheatre.org.uk. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "BBC - Wales Arts: Siân Phillips to star as Shakespeare's Juliet". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- http://web.archive.org/web/20140903055901/http://www.olivierawards.com/about/previous-winners/?portal:componentld=4232&portal:type=action&portal:isSecure=false&portal. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2013. Missing or empty
- "Search Past Tony Award Winners and Nominees - TonyAwards.com - The American Theatre Wing's Tony Awards® - Official Website by IBM". TonyAwards.com. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- The London Gazette: . 30 December 2015.
- "New Year's Honours 2016". GOV.UK. Cabinet Office. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
- "Sian Phillips Biography" in www.filmreference.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- "When the magic wore off", The Observer, 29 July 2001. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "Peter O'Toole" in www.superiorpics.com. Retrieved 16 December 2011
- Pat O'Toole web site Archived February 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "British Academy of Film and Television Arts Cymru" at www.bafta.org. Retrieved 13 December 2011
- "BBC News Wales: Welsh Bafta honour for actor Matthew Rhys" (25 May 2011) at www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2011
- "BAFTA Awards, Wales" at www.imdb.com. Retrieved 13 December 2011
- Siân Phillips at the Internet Movie Database
- Siân Phillips at Mario Huet's web site
- Siân Phillips bio, Ammanford Web Site
- Siân Phillips at the Wales Video Gallery: this video interview was conducted shortly after Phillips performed in Israel Horovitz's My Old Lady, where she played the 94-year-old Mathilde Giffard. The play opened at the Promenade Theatre on Broadway in October 2002.