Si Lanna National Park

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Si Lanna National Park
อุทยานแห่งชาติศรีลานนา
IUCN category II (national park)
Mountains, Si Lanna National Park.jpg
Map showing the location of Si Lanna National Park
Map showing the location of Si Lanna National Park
Park location in Thailand
LocationChiang Mai Province, Thailand
Nearest cityChiang Mai
Coordinates19°16′56″N 99°5′28″E / 19.28222°N 99.09111°E / 19.28222; 99.09111Coordinates: 19°16′56″N 99°5′28″E / 19.28222°N 99.09111°E / 19.28222; 99.09111
Area1,407 km2 (543 sq mi)
EstablishedAugust 1989
Governing bodyDepartment of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation

Si Lanna National Park (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติศรีลานนา) is a national park in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. Home to waterfalls, caves and springs, this mountainous park is the source of numerous tributaries of the Ping River.[1]

Geography[edit]

Si Lanna National Park is located about 65 kilometres (40 mi) north of Chiang Mai in Mae Taeng, Chiang Dao and Phrao districts. The park's area is 1,407 square kilometres (543 sq mi). The highest point is Doi Chom Hot peak at 1,718 metres (5,636 ft). The 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi) Mae Ngat Somboon Chon Reservoir lies within the park.[2][3]:101

History[edit]

On 1 August 1989, Si Lanna was designated Thailand's 60th National Park.[1] This national park is home to hill tribes including Karen and Lahu.[3]:102

Attractions[edit]

Mon Hin Lai Waterfall is a nine-tiered waterfall located in the Mae Ngat Forest. Other waterfalls include Huai Mae Rangong and Huai Pa Phlu.[4] The Nong Pha cave system features stalactites and stalagmites.[2]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The park's rugged terrain features numerous forest types: mixed deciduous, moist evergreen, hill evergreen and dipterocarp. Tree species include Anisoptera costata (krabak), teak, Toona ciliata, Hopea odorata, Xylia kerrii, Shorea obtusa and Shorea siamensis.[1]

Animal species include tiger, serow, barking deer and wild boar.[1]
Bird life includes little egret and lesser whistling-duck.[3]:102–103

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Si Lanna National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b "National Parks in Thailand: Si Lanna National Park" (PDF). Department of National Parks (Thailand). 2015. pp. 94–95. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Elliot, Stephan; Cubitt, Gerald (2001). THE NATIONAL PARKS and other Wild Places of Thailand. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. ISBN 9781859748862.
  4. ^ "Sri Lanna National Park". Tourism Authority of Thailand. Retrieved 21 June 2017.