Sia La

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Sia La
Sia La is located in Ladakh
Sia La
Location in Ladakh
Sia La is located in India
Sia La
Sia La (India)
Elevation5,589 m (18,337 ft)
LocationLadakh; Controlled by India (Disputed by Pakistan)[1]
RangeEastern Karakoram Range
Coordinates35°34′55″N 76°47′33″E / 35.58194°N 76.79250°E / 35.58194; 76.79250Coordinates: 35°34′55″N 76°47′33″E / 35.58194°N 76.79250°E / 35.58194; 76.79250
Indo-Pak mutually-agreed undisputed "International Border" (IB) in the black line, Indo-Pak "Line of Control" (LoC) in black dotted line in the north and west, Indo-Sino "Line of Actual" (LAC) in black dotted line in the east, Indo-Pak line across Siachen in north is "Actual Ground Position Line" (AGPL). The areas shown in green are the two Pakistani-controlled areas: Gilgit–Baltistan in the north and Azad Kashmir in the south. The area shown in orange is the Indian-controlled territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh, and the diagonally-hatched area to the east is the Chinese-controlled area known as Aksai Chin. "Territories ceded by Pakistan to China claimed by India" in the north is Shaksgam (Trans-Karakoram Tract).
United Nations map of Siachen Glacier showing "Point NJ980420" (Point NJ9842) as the starting point of the "Actual Ground Position Line" (AGPL), Goma military camp of Pakistan, Nubra River valley and Siachen glaciers held by India, and Bilafond La and Sia La (north of NJ9842) also held by India. Masherbrum Range, Baltoro Glacier, Baltoro Glacier, Baltoro Muztagh and K2 are held by Pakistan.

Sia La is a mountain pass situated on Saltoro Ridge, in Ladakh, India, some 60 km (37 mi) north-northwest of map point NJ9842 which defined the end of the 1972 Line of Control between India and Pakistan as part of the Simla Agreement.[2] Sia La sits near the Chinese border and immediately northwest of the upper part of the vast Siachen Glacier, connecting that glacier to the Pakistani-controlled Kondus Glacier and valley to the west.

Geopolitical issues[edit]

Sia La, as well as nearby passes Bilafond La and Gyong La, saw military action starting in 1984 during Operation Meghdoot, the first military action of the Siachen conflict, itself being part of larger conflict, the Kashmir conflict.[3] All three passes are currently held by India; However, Pakistan controls a pass just to the west that overlooks Sia La. They call it Conway Saddle & Leghari OP.

See also[edit]

Near the AGPL (Actual Ground Position Line)
Other related topics


  1. ^ India is in control of this part of Kashmir; the Indian claim is disputed by Pakistan. See e.g. The Future of Kashmir on the BBC website.
  2. ^ The fight for Siachen
  3. ^ Barua, Pradeep P. (30 June 2005). The State at War in South Asia (Studies in War, Society, and the Military). University of Nebraska Press. pp. 253–255. ISBN 978-0-8032-1344-9. Retrieved 6 August 2009.


  • Close C, Burrard S, Younghusband F, et al. (1930). "Nomenclature in the Karakoram: Discussion". The Geographical Journal. Blackwell Publishing. 76 (2): 148–158. doi:10.2307/1783980. JSTOR 1783980.
  • "A Slow Thaw". Time. 7 November 2005. Archived from the original on 11 September 2005. Retrieved 23 May 2010.

External links[edit]