Siam Paragon

Coordinates: 13°44′47″N 100°32′6″E / 13.74639°N 100.53500°E / 13.74639; 100.53500
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Siam Paragon
Siam Paragon, Parc Paragon, and Siam Station
Location991 Rama I Road, Pathum Wan
Bangkok 10330, Thailand
Coordinates13°44′47″N 100°32′6″E / 13.74639°N 100.53500°E / 13.74639; 100.53500
Opening date9 December 2005; 18 years ago (2005-12-09)
ManagementSiam Paragon Development by Siam Piwat and The Mall Group
OwnerCrown Property Bureau (land)
ArchitectJ+H Boiffils
Total retail floor area400,000 m2 (4,300,000 sq ft) (retail area)
No. of floors10 (including the underground)
Parking4,000 cars
Public transit accessSiam Station
Main Atrium

Siam Paragon (Thai: สยามพารากอน) is a shopping mall in Bangkok, Thailand. It is one of the largest malls in Thailand, along with Iconsiam, CentralWorld and Central WestGate.[1]

Siam Paragon includes a range of specialty stores and restaurants as well as a multiplex (16 large screen cinemas), the Sea Life Bangkok Ocean World aquarium, an exhibition hall, the Thai Art Gallery, and an opera concert hall. It also has a bowling alley and karaoke centre. It is a joint venture by Siam Piwat, the company that owns the adjacent Siam Center/Siam Discovery shopping malls, and The Mall Group, which owns The Emporium. Siam Paragon's financial results are not reported by the privately held Siam Paragon Development.[2]


Main entrance from above
Main entrance void
The Canal before renovation in 2016

Siam Paragon was built on the former site of the Siam Intercontinental Hotel, which was demolished in 2002 at the end of its lease. The site, leased for 30 years, is Crown Property Bureau land and at one time was the royal parkland of Sa Pathum Palace. The mall opened on 9 December 2005 at a cost of about 15 billion baht or US$450 million. It covers an area of 52 52 rai (8.3 ha; 21 acres).


On 25 November 2016, a man fell from an escalator travelling from floors M to G, landing on the B floor in front of the Sea Life Bangkok Ocean World. The person died the following day due to his injuries. Investigators said it was likely an accidentall fall.[3]

On 3 October 2023, at approximately 4:10 PM, a mass shooting occurred on the first floor of the shopping mall complex. Seven people were injured, two of whom died at the hospital a few minutes later. The deceased victims were a Burmese migrant worker, and a Chinese tourist.[4] Later that day, around 5:10 PM, the police arrested a 14-year-old teenager on the third floor of the complex.[5] The mall was temporarily closed, and the gates, including the connector entrance from the Siam BTS station, were shut down.[4]


Siam Paragon is on Rama I Road in Pathum Wan District, adjacent to other shopping areas. It is next door to Siam Center and Siam Discovery and opposite Siam Square. MBK Center is also nearby. An elevated walkway beneath the BTS Skytrain tracks links Siam Paragon to the Ratchaprasong intersection, where CentralWorld, Gaysorn Village and several other shopping malls and hotels are located.


Department store and retail shops[edit]

Gourmet Garden in Ground floor completed in 2017
Exotique Thai in Level 4
Paragon Cinema in Level 5

The Paragon Department Store occupies 50,000 square metres. Another 40,000 square metres are devoted to retail shops selling goods ranging from apparel to groceries to expensive automobiles.[6]

Thai traditional art[edit]

There is a section of Thai traditional arts shops offering a range of decorative silk, ivory and antique items.

Royal Paragon Hall[edit]

The Royal Paragon Hall is a 12,000 square metre events facility, with a capacity of 5,000 persons suitable for concerts, conventions, and special exhibitions.[7]


The Siam Kempinski Hotel and serviced apartment complex is on a 13 acres (53,000 m2) at the rear of the Siam Paragon property.[8]

Energy footprint[edit]

Siam Ocean World

Siam Paragon consumes roughly 123 GWh of electricity a year (2011). By comparison, over the same period, Mae Hong Son province's quarter-million inhabitants used 65 GWh.[9][10][11][12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "10 Largest Malls in the World". Touropia. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  2. ^ Nguyen, Lan Anh (21 July 2006). "Unfinished Central World to hold grand opening", ThaiDay (print edition).
  3. ^ "ชายพลัดตกห้างพารากอน ไปยังชั้นสยามโอเชี่ยนเวิลด์ เสียชีวิตแล้ว!". MThai (in Thai). 2016-11-26. Retrieved 2023-10-03.
  4. ^ a b "Two dead in shopping mall shooting". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  5. ^ "Face to face with terror". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  6. ^ "Directory". Siam Paragon. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Why Us". Royal Paragon Hall. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  8. ^ "LOCAL INFORMATION". Siam Kempinski Hotel Bangkok. Kempinski. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  9. ^ Pasick, Adam (2015-04-05). "Bangkok's lavish, air-conditioned malls consume as much power as entire provinces". Quartz. Retrieved 10 Apr 2015.
  10. ^ Marks, Danny (2014-12-11). "Laos foots the bill for power-hungry Bangkok". Mekong Commons. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  11. ^ Marks, Danny (2014-12-03). "Laos foots the bill for power-hungry Bangkok". Asian Currents. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  12. ^ "ห้างสรรพสินค้าในกรุงเทพฯ 3 ห้างใช้ไฟฟ้าเทียบเท่ากับเขื่อน 1 เขื่อน" [Three Bangkok shopping malls use electricity equivalent to one dam]. EnergyThai (in Thai). 2011-06-10. Retrieved 14 November 2018.

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