Sibt ibn al-Jawzi

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Sibt ibn al-Jawzi
Born AH 581 (1185/1186)
Died AH 654 (1256/1257)
Era Islamic golden age
Region Iraq and Syria
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Hanafi[1]
Main interest(s) History and Fiqh
Notable work(s) Mir’at al-zaman, The Defense and Advocacy of the True School of Law, Tazkirat ul-Khawas

Shams al-din Abu al-Muzaffar Yusuf ibn Kizoghlu (c. 581AH/1185 -- 654AH/1256),[1] famously known as Sibṭ ibn al-Jawzi (Arabic: سبط بن الجوزي ‎‎) was a notable preacher and historian.

Title[edit]

He is the grandson of the great Hanbali scholar Abul-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzi.

His title "Sibt ibn al-Jawzi" denotes that he is the sibṭ (grandson) of Ibn al-Jawzi from his daughter's side.

Biography[edit]

Born in Baghdad, the son of a Turkish freedman and Ibn al-Jawzi's daughter, he was raised by his famous grandfather.[1] After his grandfather's death he moved to Damascus, where he worked under the Ayyubids Sultans al-Mu'azzam, An-Nasir Dawud, and al-Ashraf.[2]

Unlike his Hanbali grandfather, he was of the Hanafi madhhab, which was the judicial school common to those of Turkish descent and preferred by the Ayyubid Sultans.[1] He has also been described as having Shia tendencies, most notably by al-Dhahabi.[2] His historical writings, which include more critical accounts of Uthman compared to other sources, and Ibn Kathir's obituary of him have been given as evidence supporting this.[2]

Works[edit]

  • Mir’at al-zaman was his famous work of History.
  • The Defense and Advocacy of the True School of Law (Arabic: al-Intisar wa al-Tarjih li al-Madhhab al-Sahih) - in praise of Abu Hanifa and his school.
  • Tazkirat ul-Khawasتذکرۃ الخواص-Introduced eminence of the heirs of Muhammad The Prophet of Islam

For more information on him and his works see:

  • Abjad Al-Ulum - Siddiq Hasan Al Qunuji
  • Kashf al-Zunun
  • Mu'jam al-matbu'at

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lewis, B.; Menage, V.L.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1971]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume III (H-Iram). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 752. ISBN 9004081186. 
  2. ^ a b c Keaney, Heather N. (2013-07-18). Medieval Islamic Historiography: Remembering Rebellion. Routledge. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-134-08099-1.