Sibyl Taite Widdows

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Sibyl Taite Widdows
RHC PH.205.11 Chemistry staff and students c.1899.jpg
Chemistry staff and students c.1899. at Royal Holloway College (including Sibyl Widdows)
Born 27 May 1876
Died 4 January 1960
Nationality British
Occupation Lecturer in Chemistry
Academic background
Alma mater Royal Holloway College, London
Academic work
Discipline Chemistry

Sibyl Taite Widdows (1876–1960) was a British Scientist and member of the Chemistry department at the London School of Medicine for Women for 40 years.[1]

Sibyl was also one of the 19 women signatories of the Letter of 19, a 1904 petition for admission of women to Fellowship in the Chemical Society which stated: "We, the undersigned, representing women engaged in chemical work in this country desire to lay before you an appeal for the admission of women to Fellowship in the Chemical Society."(p. 64-65).[1]

Biography[edit]

Breast feeding.jpg

Sibyl was born on May 27, 1876. She went to the Dulwich High School for Girls in West Dulwich, an area in south London, England. She continued her education and obtained a degree in Chemistry from the Royal Holloway College in 1900.[1]

Starting at the London School of Medicine for Women as a Demonstrator in Chemistry in 1901, she was promoted to joint-in-charge of the Chemistry Department in 1904 and became head in 1935.[2] During this she progressed to the rank of Lecturer, and stayed at the school through to her retirement in 1942.[1]

In an obituary written by her Phyllis Sanderson, her successor, Sibyl was described as "an ardent feminist and willingly sacrificed her own career as a chemist for the cause most dear to her heart, the training of women doctors at Hunter Street, the only training ground in Medicine open to women in England at that time" (p. 161)[1]

Sibyl authored and co-authored at least 12 research papers[1] with her research focusing around the composition and secretion of human milk (see publications). Including two publications with other signatory's on the Letter of 19, Margaret Seward and Ida Smedley Maclean.[2]

Reverse of the above photo of the Chemistry school staff and students c.1899 - Sibyl Widdows is in 2nd row down, 5th from left.

Publications[edit]

  • "A study of the composition of human milk in the later periods of lactation and a comparison with that of early milk", Biochemical Journal. 24 (2): 327-342.[3]
  • "Percentage of Fat in Human Milk: Influence of the Method of Extraction". Journal of Human Lactation. 12 (1): 61-63. "[4]
  • "A study of the composition of human milk in the later periods of lactation and a comparison with that of early milk", Biochemical Journal. 24 (2): 327-342.[3]
  • "A Study of the Variations in the Chemical Composition of Normal Human Colostrum and Early Milk". Biochemical Journal. 21 (1): 1-5.[5]
  • "Calcium Content of the Blood during Pregnancy". Biochemical Journal. 17 (1): 34-40.[6]
  • "A study of the antenatal secretion of the human mammary glad and a comparison between this and the secretion obtained directly after birth". Biochemical Journal. 29 (5): 1145-1166.[7]
  • "The racemisation of phenyl-p-tolylactic acid". Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions. 107 (0).[8]
  • "The action of magnesium phenyl bromide on derivatives of phenyl styryl ketone". Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions. 105 (0).[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Rayner-Canham, Marelene (2008). Chemistry was Their Life: Pioneer British Women Chemists, 1880–1949. World Scientific. pp. 160–161. ISBN 9781908978998.
  2. ^ a b Rayner-Canham, Marelene (2017). A Chemical Passion: The forgotten story of chemistry at British independent girls’ schools, 1820s–1930s. UCL IOE Press. pp. 46–48. ISBN 1782771883.
  3. ^ a b Widdows, Sibyl Taite; Lowenfeld, Margaret Frances; Bond, Muriel; Taylor, Effie Isabel (1930). "A study of the composition of human milk in the later periods of lactation and a comparison with that of early milk". Biochemical Journal. 24 (2): 327–342. ISSN 0264-6021. PMC 1254425. PMID 16744369.
  4. ^ Lowenfeld, Margaret Frances; Widdows, Sibyl Taite; Gregory, Hazel H. Chodak. "Percentage of Fat in Human Milk: Influence of the Method of Extraction". Journal of Human Lactation. 12 (1): 61–63. doi:10.1177/089033449601200115.
  5. ^ Lowenfeld, Margaret Frances; Widdows, Sibyl Taite; Bond, Muriel; Taylor, Effie Isabel (1927). "A Study of the Variations in the Chemical Composition of Normal Human Colostrum and Early Milk". Biochemical Journal. 21 (1): 1–15. ISSN 0264-6021. PMC 1251864. PMID 16743792.
  6. ^ Widdows, Sibyl Taite (1923). "Calcium Content of the Blood during Pregnancy". Biochemical Journal. 17 (1): 34–40. ISSN 0264-6021. PMC 1259314. PMID 16743159.
  7. ^ Widdows, Sibyl Taite; Lowenfeld, Margaret Frances; Bond, Muriel; Shiskin, Cecilia; Taylor, Effie Isabel (May 1, 1935). "A study of the antenatal secretion of the human mammary gland and a comparison between this and the secretion obtained directly after birth". Biochemical Journal. 29 (5): 1145–1166. ISSN 0264-6021. PMC 1266609. PMID 16745775.
  8. ^ McKenzie, Alex.; Widdows, Sibyl Taite (1915-01-01). "LXXV.—The racemisation of phenyl-p-tolylacetic acid". Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions. 107 (0). doi:10.1039/CT9150700702. ISSN 0368-1645.
  9. ^ MacLean, Ida Smedley; Widdows, Sibyl Taite (1914-01-01). "CCI.—The action of magnesium phenyl bromide on derivatives of phenyl styryl ketone". Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions. 105 (0). doi:10.1039/CT9140502169. ISSN 0368-1645.