Sicilian nationalism

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Location of Sicily
Graffito in Palermo, Sicily with the text "Self Determination, Autonomy, Independence"

Sicilian nationalism is a movement in the autonomous Italian region of Sicily, as well as the Sicilian diaspora, which seeks greater autonomy or outright independence[1] from Italy, and/or promotes further inclusion of the Sicilian identity, culture, history, and linguistic variety.[2][3]

Various separatist and autonomist movements in Sicily have received support from the political left, right, and centre.[4] Historically, the most notable party with a Sicilian nationalist platform was the separatist Sicilian Independence Movement, which had four seats in the Italian Senate and nine seats in the Italian Chamber of Deputies at their peak in the mid-1940s.[5]

In contemporary Sicily, the largest regionalist party[6] has been the autonomist Party of the Sicilians, part of the greater Movement for the Autonomies, which governed Sicily under the presidency of Raffaele Lombardo from 2008-2012.[7] The left-wing sicilianism, once active through some Sicilian socialists, Antonino Varvaro's Movimento Indipendentista Democratico Repubblicano ("Republican Democratic Sicilian Independence Movement", MISDR) and the Communist Party of Sicily, is now represented only by the Sicilian Socialist Party, a regional section of the Italian Socialist Party.

Political support[edit]

After Lombardo's autonomist government, going from 2008-2012, the largest predominantly Meridionalist and Sicilianist[8][9] coalition in the 2012 regional election, led by the center-right Gianfranco Micciché[10] gathered 19.98% of the votes, becoming no longer the governing coalition. From then on, they served in the opposition in the Sicilian Parliament.[11]

The Sicilian nationalist candidate from the party "Free Sicilians", Roberto La Rosa,[12] taking part in the 2017 regional elections, got 0.70% of the vote.[13][14]

2006 party support[edit]

Party Votes Percentage Seats
Movement for Autonomy - New Sicily 308,219 12.52% 10
Sicilian Alliance 59,380 2.41% 0
Christian Democrats for Autonomy 6,530 0.26% 0
TOTAL:[15] 374,129 15.19% 10

2008 party support[edit]

Party Votes Percentage Seats
Movement for Autonomy - Allies for the South 375,587 13.94% 15
Sicily Strong and Free 119,892 4.45% 0
Autonomist Democrats 101,449 3.76% 0
TOTAL:[16] 596,928 22.15% 15

2012 party support[edit]

Party Votes Percentage Seats
Party of the Sicilians - Movement for the Autonomies 182,737 9.53% 7
Force of the South - Great South 115,444 6.02% 3
People of the Pitchfork - Sicilian National Front 23,965 1.25% 0
Sicilian Revolution 22,422 1.17% 0
TOTAL:[11] 344,568 17.97% 10

2017 party support[edit]

Party Votes Percentage Seats
Populars and Autonomists 136,520 7.09% 5
Future Sicily and Italian Socialist Party 115,751 6.01% 2
Free Sicilians 12,600 0.70% 0
TOTAL:[11] 264,871 13.76% 7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Il programma". FNS. Archived from the original on 2013-03-23.
  2. ^ Amministratore. "PROGRAMMA DI AZZERAMENTO DELLA "MALARAZZA POLITICA". siciliavera.com. Archived from the original on 2013-03-23.
  3. ^ "Partito dei Siciliani: il programma politico". Archived from the original on 2013-02-05.
  4. ^ Miller, Frederic P.; Vandome, Agnes F.; John, Mcbrewster (2010-09-05). Sicilian Independence Movement. google.com. ISBN 9786132737298.
  5. ^ Mobilereference (2010). Travel Sicily, Italy. google.com. ISBN 9781607788980.
  6. ^ "PPartitu dî Siciliani: lu mpegnu pulìticu". Archived from the original on 2013-03-23.
  7. ^ "Regione, Lombardo presidente risultato record con il 65,3% - Palermo la Repubblica.it". repubblica.it.
  8. ^ "Sicilia: Micciche', coalizione sicilianista contro partiti nazionali - Palermo la Repubblica.it". repubblica.it.
  9. ^ Salvo Toscano. ""Sicilianisti" corteggiati per vincere al Senato". Live Sicilia.
  10. ^ Affaritaliani.it: Sicilia / Micciché molla Musumeci Archived 2012-08-30 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ a b c "Informatizzazione Dati Elezioni Comunali 2014". regione.sicilia.it. Archived from the original on 2013-01-29.
  12. ^ Regionali 2017, Roberto La Rosa presenta la sua candidatura con Siciliani Liberi, Palermo Today
  13. ^ Riepilogo risultati elezioni Sicilia, regionali, 5 novembre 2017. La Repubblica
  14. ^ La Rosa deluso "siamo un partito da prefisso telefonico". Giornale di Sicilia
  15. ^ "Elezioni Regionali". www.regione.sicilia.it.
  16. ^ "Elezioni Regionali 2008". regione.sicilia.it.

External links[edit]